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LAAITUI’ GAM TAANGTHU

A.   THU MASA
a.            Kongkoh masak nop.
             Aki tumngei hetloh, Laaitui khua’  taangthu at ding.
             Nidang, bangmah aki tuak, aki theih, aki sinma in, Laaitui khua’ taangthu at ding  ngaihsut  in aki nei ngeikei hi. Aki kem, aki neikha khua tawh kisai  thu  ciaptehna khawng zong  khua’ taangthu at ding tupna tawh aa aki kem a hikeizaw hi.

              Taangthu…, ahong ki attek ciangin

              Tuciangin, thei… theilo;  hi… hilo cih om nawnlo in,   atuak  peuhun  taang thu  hong ki attek ciangin, kimkhat khatte bang, amaanlo  pipi  a ki deihkaih vive in lemlem, ki zunzun in hong ki atthei hi.Tangthu gengenloh, ei theihkhak, ei bat khak ciang thute nangawn zong, a hilopi pi  aa  ahong ki-at ih muh ciangin,  mul kim huai leh lung hihmawh huailiang zah dongin  hong hi hi.

              Aki guuksak thei…, taangthu,

              Taangthu a at te’n lah, at zota ungh ci’n amau aa ding a hoihthei thei in a at uh ciangin, a at zolo, agen zolo te’  taangthu  a hoihsun sun khawng zong  amau aa lam ah a hoihthei thei in kai  in, a laksak thei uh hi.  Tuabang ciangin,  a atzo te’n maan takei leh,  amaan aa a lakzo a nialzo omtuanlo ahih manin taangthu nei suak mikmek hi. A at zolo, a gen zolo te’n ahih leh,  a taangthu maan uh aman suah uh ahi thong hi.       

                A muanhuai kua omnawn ahiam?

                The Chin Gazetteer leh Tha Chin Hills a kici laibu nihte zong, Khamtung gam tawh kisai, Mangkangte, Carey and  Tuck te nihin a at uh ahi hi.  Carey ih cih in, Khamtung gam Mangkangte in ahong laaktoh phetin, amah leh Fowler  Laaitui ah hong pai aa, Hausapa Pau Suang tawh kiciamin,  sialsi ah aki diah  sialmei tawh  a ki vatteek teekte ahi hi.

               Ahi zongin,  tuabang ahih nate uh hih laibu nihte sungah a ki helloh banah, Laaitui gam tawh kisai Suang Khua Kam leh Hau Cin Khupin  thubuai aneih uh ciangin, tuabang ahih nate uh ngaihsut in  neinawn kilkel lo in, thu a langkhenh uh hi.

              En!, taangthu  ih atleh,

              Laaitui khua taangthu   at ding aki tupna in,  ei taangthu  amaan teng  midang hong guksak sate in atheih na ding uh, ahong guksak nuamte in, ahong guksak ngam nawnloh na ding uh ngimna tawh aa a ki at ahi hi.

              Mihing kician hihna ding.

              Mihing kician ih hihna dingin, taangthu kician ih neihkul hi. Taangthu ih  theihna tawh mi ava tawng ding, ava gal bawl ding, ava phinh ding  cihna hilo in, ei leh ei ih ki huutna dingciang bang theihtuak ahi hi. Tulai khangno kimkhat khat bangin, taangthu thuukpi pi cikei ning,  apu, api, anu  apa,  ani agang aa kipan, a sanggam a u anau ding nangawn atheilo a omlai liang hi. Nidang laiin, Kawlte ka koko leh, tu in tua bang hihna in, ei tung ahong tuu ahi thong hi. Tuabang  lawm lawm in, mihing takpi, ganhing tawh a ki lamdang kei hi.

       b.   Mualsuang.

             Hih thu ciaptehna(Memory), “ LAAITUI KHUA MUALSUANG,” a  kicih na in, midangte, “ Mualsuang,”  cihna tawh ki banglo in, a cihnopna leh  deihna in tuampian deuhse hi.

               Midangte in, “Mualsuang,” acih uh leh, a beisa hun sungaa a piangsa  taang thute atna ahi hi. Hih , “ LAAITUI KHUA MUALSUANG,” in, 

       (i  ). A beisa aa thu piangsa,  taangthute,
       (ii ). Tuhun laitak aa apiang laitak thute leh,
       (iii). Mailam aa ahong pianglai ding, Laaitui gam; Laaitui khua leh Laaitui’ tate thute  cih, khen thum in ki khen aa  ciaptehna ahi hi.

               Atungaa, “  Mailam aa a pianglai ding,”  cih thu in,  mailam ah, Laaitui’ gam, Laaitui khua leh Laaitui’ tate aa dingaa deihna leh lunggulhna tawh lam-etna, mitkha tawh muhkholhna(Vision) in, tum-in  a ki gelna ahi hi.

“ Laaitui khua Mualsuang,”  ahong piankhiatna.

Hih Mualsung at 1998- kumpek aa a ki panzo ahi hi. Thu ki cingthei sa nailo in, damdam in a ki kankan bawl laitak, 2000- kum ciangin 125-kum Jubilee taang thu kan Committee te’n, Laaitui khua taangthu hong suahsak ciangin, nawhhih nawnlo in, damdam in a kigel ahi hi.

       A kigel masakna bangin hong ki suaksak hileh, tu aa zahin thu a ki cingzo kei ding hi. 

                     

“ Laaitui khua Mualsuang,”   sungaa a ki at thute.

Hih Mualsuang sungaa a ki at thute in, ki nial theihna, muan khialhna a om lohna ding ngimna tawh in, amaan  belbel ahih lamtak lahtheih na dingin, a hithei zahin, athem aneng(detail)  dong takin,  a ki at ahi hi. Pawlkhat khatte bang, zum lai tawh ki lakliang hi.

              Ahi zongin, pawlkhat khatte  gtn:- khang-gui suutna,  degree ngah leh tan 10- ong cihte pawl ahihbang lian aa guan(upadate)ding ki hih theilo hi.

      (e).   “ Laaitui khua Mualsuang,”  ii ngimnate

               Hih, “  Laaitui khua Mualsuang,” a ki ngimna in, Laaitui’ gam, Laaitui khua leh  Laaitui’ tate thu a kimtakin a kihel baanah,  Zongei na leh Zomite  tawhkisai dan leh ngeina  atuam tuamte zong kihel dingaa, Zomite tawh kisai thu leh la khatpeuh peuh aki ngahna,  aki theihna ahihna ding aki tumh ahi hi.

                Ahi zongin, tuabang in ki hihding hileh, thu leh la kimtak aa kanna ding  a sauveih ding baanah, laibu zong sahlua ding ahih manin,  tua ngaihsutna kikhawl phot hi. Tua thu leh late a ki cingin kanpha aa laibu tuamaa bawl dingin ngaihsut na kinei hi.

      (f).    Asah ding, Laaituite’ Taangthu bu.

               “ Laaitui khua Mualsuang,”  sungaa a ki at thu leh late in, abeisa hun sung aa a ciaptehhuai leh a ettehhuai ih gualzawhna sate; mailamah zong tuate siiksanin koici bang tawhin gualzawhna lalai lai ding,  cihthute bekbek aki ciaptehna, Laai-tuite’ Taangthu bu ahi hi. 

               Tua hiaa, ih sep ih bawlin atawm leh,  ih Taangthu bu in neu in paa dingaa; ih sep ih bawlin atam leh, atam na tawh kizui in,  ih Taangthubu in sahpah ding a hih zahkhat in, tuabang aa asah na dingin Laaitui’ tate mimal ciat ii pansan leh mawhpuak ahih lamtak ih telloh  khak ding,  lung himawh in kong taangko hi.

Thu ciamteh,
Pau Za Mung
Singapore
June 05, 2009

B.   LAAITUI’ GAM TAANGTHU

       1.   Gungaal, Laaitui’ gam thu

             (a).   Gungaal gam ih cihin,

                      Meitei gun, nitumna lam  gamteng  hia, adung tai (80), avai tai (25) azaa kuampi khat ahi hi.

             (i   ).   Nitum nalam pan, Ciau-gun  dungdung,

             (ii  ).   Leilu lampam, Ci-vuu-khuuk ( Behiangzang )

             (iii ).   Nisuahna lam pan, Meitei gun dungdung,

             (iv ).   Leitaw lam pan,  Nuunglui dungdung

               
             (b).   Anei masa  bel

                      A ki kanhtheih na ciangah, Gungaal gam kuamteng khempeuh, Dallang  khua ukpi Khuang Ceu in anei masa pen  ahi hi.

             (c ).   Anei nihna

                      Khan Thuam mangkua in saw’m

                      Khan Thuam mangkua in asaw’m ciangin, galtai in Dallang khua ukpi Khuang Ceu vabel hi.

                      Kam Hau in gungaal gamteng zogawp

                      Tawlpi khatmah ava belh khitzawh ciangin,  Khan Thuam’ ta  upa Kam Hau in, Meitei  gungaal nitum na lamgam aa om Gamthawm, Tengkul, Satak leh Singgial khua ateeng, Thahdo leh Zote sim kawkawiin zogawp hi.

                      Khuang Ceu tungah ngen

                      Tuaciangin Khan Thuamin atate teng tawh Khuang Ceu kiangah, Gun gaal gam nitumna lamteng Nuunglui panin Ci-vuu-khuk( Behiangzaang) dong anget leh,  a piapah hi.

                      Tua  ahih manin, Khan Thuam in anei nihna ahi hi.

             (d).   Anei thumnate.

                      Khan Thuamin a tateteng hawmsak.

                      Khan Thuam in atate teng leh a innlak sanggam pa Khan Lam anuai aa  bangin a hawmsak hi.

             Nuunglui panin  Lualui dong, a innluahpipa, Mualbeem ukpi Za  Pau, Lualui  panin, Thuui-lui dong, Saizaang ukpi Gawh  Pau, Thuilui panin Tanglui dong, a innlak sanggampa, Losauhausa Khan Lam, Tanglui panin, Ci-vuu-khuuk (Behaing zaang) dong  Tedim ukpi Kam  Hau, hihbangin   tanh in a hawmsak diimdiam  hi.  Tua a hihmanin,  Za  Pau, Gawh Pau, Khan Lam leh  Kam Hau te,  mi li te in anei thumn ahi uh hi.

                       Gungaal gam ataan’ na uh.

                       Tua bangin a neihtek uh hangin, Khan Thuam  leh ata te Kam Hau, Gawh Paute asih zawh ciang un,  Khan Thuam inn luah pa Za Pau, Gawh Pau’ ta, Thuam Thawng, Kam Hau’ innluah pa,  Khua Cin  leh  Khan Lam’ Tapa, Khan Hangte akhan ciang un, Mualbem leh Khuangli gal kisim uh hi..

             Mualbem ukpi Za Pau in,  Tedim leh Saizaang gamte tawh kopin gal ado hangin  zozo lo in gal alel hi. Za Pau in gal alelh ciang in, Zul Ki a kici khat Khuanglui ukpi Nial Ciin kiang ah gal kilep ding agen ding in a paisak hi.

             Zul Ki zong Za Pau sawlna bangin, gal ki lepna ding gen ding in Khuangli ukpipa  Nial Ciin kiangah  pai in ava gen leh,  Nial Ciin in,  Za Pauin gal kilep ding a ut leh, sial (100)  leh Gungaal gam(nitumna lam) Nuunglui pan in Ci-vuu-khuuk dong   apiak leh gal kilem zo bek ding ahihna   kam avai khakkik hi.

             Zul Ki zong ciahkik pah vingveng in, Za  Pau kiangah, Nial Ciin kam vai khak teng vagen kik hi. Za Pau in zong, ama uk Mualbem gam, Thuam Thwng uk Saizaanggam leh Khua Cin  uk Tedim  gam a sial omteng (100) acin dong kaikhawm in, Nial Ciin kiangah Zul Ki leh En Ngaih sawl in apia sak  hi. 

             Tuabangaa a va piak uh ciangin, Nial Ciin in zong ama nget bangin Gungaal gam  ngah  nailo ahih manin, alung akim kei hi. Ama nget bang angah lohin gal ki lepna bawl zolo ding ahih  na a vaikhak bek thamloh in, a sial (100) lah la veve leh En Ngaih zong aman hi.  Zul Ki zong ciahkik in atuah thu piangteng  Za Pau tungah va kokik hi.

             Za Pau in zong, Nial Ciin ngetbangin  Gungaal gam, Nuunglui panin Ci-vuk khuk dong apia dingin Hau Khua Thang leh  Tual Son tenih  Khuanglui ah, a paisak leuleu hi.Tuabang aa Nial Ciin  in anget teng angah  ciangin, gal kilepna bawl in, En Ngaih zong a khakkik hi.

             (e).   Anei  lii na

                     Za Pau in  a gallelh manin, Khuangli ukpi pa  Gungaal gam pia  ahih manin,  Nial Ciin in anei  li na ahi hi.

             (f).   Anei  ngana

                    Tuazawh ciangin, Khuangli leh Phalaam gal kisim uh aa, Phalaam ten gal limzawh mahmah uh hi. Phalaam te in Khuangli te’ zam golpi khat a laksak ban uh ah, ukpipa  Nial Ciin inn  zong  ahaal  tumsak lai hi.  Tua banah, Nial Ciin neihsa Gungaal gamteng zong a laksak zawh ciangin  gal ki lepna anei thei pan uh hi. Tua hia, Phalaam ukpi Conbik in anei ngana ahi hi.

                      Laaitui’ gamteng

             Tua hun laitak in,  Gungaal gam sung pan in, tu lai tak aa Laaitui gam ah, Gaangte leh Vaaipheite nana teeng  masa uh a, Vaaipheite in Laa-mang leh Neihsial ah, Gaangte in Suangkuazaang leh Sialthah ah   nana teng uh hi.  Inn (150) bang  nana pha in, Sak Mang (Guite) in hausa sem hi.

                      Tawlkhat  kilawi.

             Khan Thuam in, Phalaam, Dallang leh Tlanrawnte  huhna tawh  amah a sawwm  mangkuate Vaipi a kici gal tawh  asim kik ciangin, Tedim aa om Laang Za(Zo-Manlun) te leh Laaitui gam aa Vaai-phei leh Gaangte lau in, India gamlam ah nana  lal uh a,  kum (50) taang bang nana kilawi hi.

             (g).    Anei gukna

                         Laaitui gam, Pau Suang  in lei.

                         Pau Suangin, Gungaal gamsung aa, Laaituigam Phalaam ukpipa Con Bik tung panin anuai ateng tawh alei hi.

             Pilii (4’.0”)asau  saiha tawnnih

             Behiang kumsim ( kum 3 sim) in sialsiah

             Mualgulh aa ding sialpi khat.

             Tua aa  ki panin, Laaitui gam  Pau Suangin anei  hi.

       2.   Dimpi panin.

             (a)..   Dimpi khuasat

                      Kik Thangin  a naupa  Nam Thang  tawh amau  ten masak na, Ciim- nuai panin Dimpi khua a  sat masa bel hi. Tua hunlai in, Dimpi leh akim apam kuam khempeuh ah  tu laitak a Thaangnuai leh Thaangkaai kual tengah kuamah  a tengnai kei aa, mun leh gam  awngthong vive ahi lai hi. Tuateng khempeuh  Kik Thang in  ama gam ding in la in, tua sung aa  a om cikhuuk, khuaikeen,  singkung leh gua phung teng  khem peuh  ama aa ahi hi.

             (b).   Khuadang hong kisaat

                      Dimpi khua aki saat zawh ciang in,

              Pimpih,

              Laaihaan,

              Vuanaa,

             Tuidil,

             Haikawn(Tuizaang) 

             Anngo 

             Suangsau  leh  

             Laaibung  khua,  khua giat  hong kisat uh hi.

             (c ).   Dimpi  ah hausa semin mang

                      Tua gamsungaa ahong lalaa ateeng khuate tung panin, inn-saliang, gam saliang leh leitang  phiangsiah dingin innkhat panin taangseu khatta akaih banah, cibut te leh khuaisawkte tung panin zong  siahkai in a uk hi. Tua hunaa  kipan,

             Kik Thang

             Suang Vungh

             Thang Vungh

             Mat Suang

             Vungh Luah  khang dong, akhang akhang in  atung aa khua giatte tung panin siah akai uh hi.

             (d).   Siah taanna

             Vungh Luah’ khang ciangin, Dimpi khuami, Hatlangh behte  Kim Eeng a ki ci   mi khatin, Vaunaa  khuami te khi-awh azuak khat, Sialtaang lui geiah,  hei tawh tolum in a khi-awh laksak (Damiah taih)   hi. Atung aa khua giat tengin zong  a sipa’ phu  Kim Eeng tungah la ding in a vaihawm uh hi.

                      Gumpa leh honpa…, Vungh Luah

                      Kim Eeng in zong tuabang ahih na Dimpi hausapa Vungh Luah bekin, hon khiazo bek ding hi cih thei ahih manin, vokliang khat akong pan in lawn  pheiin a suutpi  apom hi. Tuaciangin Vungh Luahin, a hotloh a  phamawh hi.

                      Tuabangin  ahot ciangin, tua khua giatte in, Kim Eeng tungah a sipa phu la zolo  ahih manin  Vungh Luah tungah alung uh a kimkei uh hi. Tua ahih manin,  asiah piak uh a pia nawn kei  uh hi. Tuabangin,  Vungh Luahin Kim Eeng a hotkhiat manin asiah a taanlawh hi. Tua ahih manin, Vungh Luah khang  pan kipan Dimpi leh Dimlo bek ah siah akaai hi.

             (e).   Dimpi ah  hausa asem  ngei teng

                     Kik Thang

                     Suang Vungh

                     Thang Vungh

                     Mat Suang

                     Vungh Luah

                     Luah Awn

                     Hen Kai

                     Luah Pau

                     Awn Pau

                     Pau Suang

             (f).   Dimpi ah lungmuan omlo

                   Pau Suangin Dimpi ah hausa sem in  amaan laitak in, asal taisuahte kan dingin,

             Gin Khua Thang  (  Pau Suang’ naupa- ta neilo )

             Cial Awn              ( Thuam Kam’ pu sawn )

             Pum Heen            (  Kham Khua Gin’ pu’  hi a, ta numei bek nei )

             Heen Ngul            ( Nang Khua Zam’ pu sawnsawn’ sanggam-zineilo ) a vekpi un  (4) apaisak hi. Lophei khua atun uh ciangin, a khuamual uh ah gallel tuah sia Sihzaangte nana tawlnga aa a om va tuakkha uh hi. Tuate kiangah, a sal taisuah uh a theikha tam  ci’n adot uh leh, “ hong hopih kei un, sahang gilkial bang  hi ungh,”  cin nana dawngkik hi. Tuabek thamloh athau uh ki etsak ding ci’n  pute thau laksak in, athau naakheng uh cil  a phihsak zawh ciangun, pute avekpi un manin a ngawng uh tanin, a lutang uh a khuamual singzum dawnah  asuang uh hi.

              (Tua pute’ Sal  kante zong, Sihzaangte in a na selsim gige mah ana hi hi.

              Hihbangin Sihzaang pawlkhatte gitloh na kituak hangin, a Sihzaang sungmah mah ah zawl kinei a,  tuate hong genkik hi kici hi. )

                  Hihbang thu Pau Suagin atuah ciangin, nasa mahmah a, Dimpi khuaah a tensuak ding, lung muanhuai a sanawn kei hi.

       3.   Laaitui khua saatna

             (a).   Pau Suang leh Thuam Thawng

                      Pau Suangin  Thuam Thawng unu,  Za Niang tawh kiteng in, a tapa  Pau Khua Zam ahong khankhit ciangin Mualbem khua ukpi Do Thawng naunu Ngul Khua Lian tawh ki tengsak hi. Thuam Thawng in Pau Suang gal leh sa a kipan abang abang ah muang hi. Pau Suangin lah Thuam Thawng asungpa ahih na tawh zahtak bawlin  thukumh tontung hi.

             (b).   Gungaal  ah khua saat ding

                     Thuam Thawngin Pau Suangte pata  thu akup inah, “ Tuin Dimpi gam leh Saizaang gam tulzo ta a, anpiang hoih nawnlo hi. Phalaam gam gungal ah,  gamkhat tuak leiin, khua sat le hang an ki kham ding hi. Gunpi-Meitei dai in kai ning, Gal leh sa ih tuah leh zong khat leh  khat i ki hot theihpak pak na dingin khua a kinai in saat lehang,” ci’n akup ciangin, amau zong a pata  in  a thukim pah uh hi.

            (c).   Kaaptel khua saatna

                    Thuam Thawngin zong, Khuangleng khua asim laiaa amat hausapa tanu Lalvanchingi tawh Phalaam ukpi Con Bik tungah gam anget leh, ukpi pa in  pa in zong, “ Thuam Thawng aw, Kaaptel gam dingin, gunpikaa panin inn-  buuk dong kong pia hi,” aci hi.

                    Laaitui gam  satpih ding kamciam

                    Tua ciangin  Thuam Thawngin, Dimpi khua hausa  Pau Suang zawnin, “ Tu’n  Kaaptel khua  hong satpih masa in, tuaah galmuan a omzawh ciang in, nang na tupna Laaitui gam hong  saatpih ning,” ci’n  Saizaang khuaah kamciam apia hi.

                    Kaaptel khua satpih masa

                    Pau Suangin zong Dimpi khua pan inn (27) tawh, Laaitui sat ding tupna tawh in,Thuam Thawng Kaaptel satpih masa hi. Kaaptel, Sihsiip aki cihnamun ah kum(3) a omkhit zawhciangin, Pau Suangin Thuam Thawng  kiangah,  Laai tui sat  ki atna dingin agen hi. Thuam Thawng in zong,  “ Pau Suang aw,  lo in, gal leh sa kihu zolo ding hi,” ci’n a awi nailoh na agen  ciangin,  Pau Suang zong, lungkim lo in,  khuasat dingin, a kipan  ngawh hi.

            (d).   Lungduai tak aa angaak, Pau Suang

                    Pau Suangin  a suungpa Thuam Thawng Kaaptel a saatpih zawhciangin, a kamciam om bangin, Laaitui khua a saatpih ding in, kumthum taangbang a ngak laitak in a nuphaal pa Am Thang zong Muizawl  gam saat nuamin  hong hong tunbeh hi.Tuaciangin, Pau Suangin ama vaiteng a suungpa leh a nuphalpa akupna in ah,

                  (a) Khangciang vaimang, tongdot luangin  tuai Thawng tuai Thang na hawm haibang ngak ingh ee.

                  (b) Hawmsiam ve aw, Teltui gual aw, hi ci bel ka hei diam aw…

           (e).   Khua saatna ding gam enkaak

                   Pau Suangin Laaitui gam  ngen dingin Phalaam ukpi  Con Bik kiangah  a pai main, Laaitui  gam sang aa a hoih zawk na mun a omkhak leh ci’n, Innbuuk pang, Kawilaam gam en dingin apai  uh hi. A lampi uh, Innbuuk nuai ah, sazuk kii-dawng khat tuak uh a,  “gam saatzo tana hen na cih leh, sazuk hong kha- sak inla, atak lam delhphah in hong tuuk hen,” ci’n  PauSuangin, a tapa  Pau Khua Zam a kapsak leh, acih bang linlian in amanh hi

           Ai- pha  ngah hang ci’n lungdam in ciah uh aa, Sihsiip aa omteng in sazuk  sa tawh sunsiah bawl in,  khuang  leh zam thuah in  a gualnuam uh hi.

           (f).   A lung himawh…,  Thuam Thawng

                   Tua nitak Thuam Thawng lokuan vai atun ciangin, azi Thang Ning’ kiangah, “ Nidangin  Dimte in khawwmbel khat nangawn aneek uh ciangin, hong kokhial ngeilo napi uh, tutung  bangding hong kolo uh ahiam?,” ci’n azi Thang Ning adot leh,“ A khua sat ding uh na awi nailoh man hi. Tu in, Kawilaam’ gam gam enkaak uh a, aipha ngah ahih man un lal ding uhhi.

           Phalaam leh Hualngo tawh kopin hongsim leh, ahong huh ding omlo  ding hi,” acih ciangin, zubel khat tawh paipah vingveng in vasiim hi.Tua tungtaang in, Thang Ningin, a pasal ThuamThawng tungah la khat agenin ah,

                 (a) Kiang aw na zamluang aw ee na min ngeih aw,  kua kiangah laanbang  ih nga bel diam aw ee.

                 (b) Kiang aw na sinthu bang leh nem diildial ven, sim lei zilh aa  gam a za lua ding hi ee.

           Tua ciangin Thuam Thawngin, “ U Pau Suang aw, Innbuuk paangah na ten liang sangin Laaitui ah tengin la, gunpikaa panin Innbuuk dong, Tanglui vokpi zuncia aphakna dong  lain, “ ci ‘in a deihsak nateng agen hi

           NB:- Thuam Thawngin, Laaitui gam a sanggampa Pau Mang aa dingin a hawisak  gige ahi hi

           (g).   Laaitui gam lei

                    Pau Suangin Kaaptel khua panin, Phalaam ukpipa kiangah , pili sau Saiha tawnkhat tawh gam ngen aa,  paipihaa  lam alak dingin, Heilei ukpi  Khan Hau sialpi khat manh  khiipitang  khat tawh acial hi.

           Amah leh a upa (3) te

           Pau Suang

           Phut Awn

           Tuang Kham

           Kai Gin hih teng apai uh hi.

                  Khan Hau in ama kudai in zui theilo ahih manin, ama taang ding in a upate Hau Zuan leh Son Khoi  te sawlin a paipih sak hi.

           (h).   Phalaam ukpipan’ gam pia

                    Phalaam ukpipa in,  «’ Meitei gungal, nitum na lam tengah khuasat na ding gam na lei nop leh,  keima aa vive hiaa, na dei na peuhpeuh na leithei hi.  Laaitui gam ding na leinop leh, Nisuahna lampan ….Meitei gun dungdung Nitumna lampan……Lentaang mual
 Leilu lampan……… .Sialliing mual leh Tuitaw lampan…….. Tanglui  ciang kong pia ding hi,” ci’n lungkim takin saihaa a sangpah hi.

           ( Hih a saihaa piakin, Cin Lian in Lunglenkawl aa amat sai’ haa ahi hi.) 

                   Phalaam’ tungah Siah piak ding teng gen

                   Tua baanah, Phalaam ukpipa in anuai aa bangin vaikhak lai hi. “ Pau Suang aw Laaitui gamah, khua saat ding na hih ciangin, ka khutnuai a khua om khempeuh tawh a ki bangin kong koih theih na dingin, sialpi khat nong pia masa ding hi.Tua hileh khua khat leh khua khat ki nawngkai sak loh bekthamloh, Mualgulh a kici, kei leh ka khutnuai khua dangdangte ki pawlna in kong kep kong van  kong huut theih na ding un, behiang kumsim in,  sial siah leh  mi asih ciangin, misiah cih hih siah namnih na tu nata khang dong in nong pia ding hi,” a ci hi.

                   Asiah kaihdan ding hilh.

                   “ Tuamah bangin zong, Laaitui gam sungah nangma deihna bangbang in siah nakai thei ding  hi,”  ci’n thu apiak zawhciangin, hausa ahih na ciapteh na in daaktal no khat  a pia hi.

        (i).    Laaitui khua saat

                 Pau Suangin Phalaam ukpipa  Con Bik  tungpan Laaitui gam aleizawhciang Kaaptel khua pan in, Dimpi pan aa a hong lalpih inn (27) tawh, 1874-kumin Laaitui khua a saat hi. Laaitui khua  atun tuungin, tu laitak aa  Khuamunzaangah tawmvei ki nga phot uh hi.

                 Khua sat teng in

                 1.   Pau Suang            - Gualnam  (  Khup Lian Kham’ pu’ pa  )

                 2.   Pau Pum               - “      “       ( Vungh Za  Kam’ pu’ pu )

                 3.   Kai Khua Thang   - “      “      (  Kam Khup’ pu )

                 4.   Za  Neng               - “      “      ( Vungh Khua  Kai’ pu’ pa )

                 5.   Pau Khua Thawng- “      “      ( Thawng Khan Thang’ pu )

                 6.   Pau Vungh            - “      “      (  Zel Khua Vungh’ pu’ pa )

                 7.   Go Thawng           - “      “      ( Thawng Khua En’ pu )

                 8.   Heen Vum            - “       “     (VumZaThang’ pu-asuan akhakte

                                                                      Mualnuamah om)

                 9.   Thuk Kham          - “       “     (Langh Khua Nang’ pu pa )

                 10. Suangh Lian        - “       “      (Lian Za Kham’ pu )

                 11. Kai Siin               - “       “      (Kam Khua Nang’ pu’ pa )

                 12. Pau Cin                - “       “      (Khan Don ‘  pu pa )

                 13. En Khual              - “      “       (Vungh Khawm Pau’ pu’ pa )

                 14. Thang Sawm       -  “      “       (Vungh  Sian Kham’ pu pa )

                 15. Gen Vial              -  “      “       (Vial Khan En’ pu )

                 16. Kai Thual            - Songpuut  (Thawng Khan Kap’ pu’ pa )

                 17. Son Awn             - “        “      (Sian Khua Nang’ pu’ pa )

                 18. Pau Awn             - Hatlangh   (Vial Nang’ pu-asuan akhakteng

                                                                       Muizawlah teng)

                 19. Kai Gin               -  “       “      ( Sian Cin’pu – tudong Mualnuamah teng

                                                                       uh hi.)

                 20. En Kham             -  “       “     ( Zel Khua  Zam’ pu’pa )

                 21. Sing El                - Milun       ( El Nang’pu)

                 22. Kual Pau             - Thawmte  ( Ngul Sian Kham’ pu’pa )

                 23. Khawm Hem      - Gangte      ( Zel Lian Kham’pu’ pa )

                 24. Tawng Kham      - Phaipi       ( Vungh Sian Go’pu’pu )

                 25. Phut Awn            - “               ( Dai Khan Pau’  pu’ pu )

                 26. Tuang Kham       - “               ( Tun Za Nang’ pu’ pa )

                 27. Lut Awn              - “               ( Kam Za Cin ‘ pu’ pu )

                 NB : Lam Vungh zong khuasaat ding te lak ah ki hel in Kaaptel ciang dong zui hi.  Kaaptel takpan aktui-ai a saansak leh aipha ngah ki salo ahih manin, amah tua takpan in khawlkikin, Laaitui khua sat  ding aphual atun dong  zui nawnlo hi.

       (j).   Khuasaat mang’ (dream)manh

         (a).   Laaitui khua a tunsawng, tulaitak aa sangmun ah aten laitak un, zankhat Tawng Khamin mangkhat amat na ah, tulaitak aa khua munah, Patmuu vawhin  khuakhung Peengpeemual dong ah  vawhto hi. Tua a vawhsa Patmuu po in, apalh ziahzuah zong amu hi.(Hih mangin  manghoih, mangpha hi’n,  Laaitui khua in, hunkhat teitei ciangin, hoih in, pha in,  nuamsa in  khangto aa, paakpalh  abat ding  ahih na  ahi hi.) 

         (b).  Milunte, Khat Thang’ zi, Sing El’nu, Veivaang in amangin, Laaitui khuaah Meemaw in hausa semin, Sawlvai in upa a sepna zong mangin a manh hi.(Hih mangin, hunkhat ciangin, Laaitui khua,  a pillo, a siam lo leh a navaaklo hausa leh  a pillo, a teilo leh a picinglo, upa pawl khatte   in  ukin a vaihawm ding lamtak aki genkholh na ahi hi.)

      (k).   Kongpi mungcinglo.

               Khua  a kisat ciang , a kisam a phamawh teng  Kongpi mung cinglo in  khua ki saat theilo Khua aki sat ciangin, Kong pi mung aki ci,

      Hausa

      Upa

      Siampi

      Siksek

      Taangko

      Laampi, hih teng aki cinloh in khua ki saatthei lo hi.

               Kongpi mungteng in,

      Hausa

      Pau Suang

      Upate

      Kai Gin

      Pau Pum

      Kai Siin

      Kai Thual

      Pau Vungh

      En Khual

      Phut Awn

      Siampi

      Tuang Kham

      Sikseek

      Tuang Kham

      Taangko

       Sing El

      Laampi

       Khawm Heem …….Khuang

       Kai Nok ………….. Daakpi

       Pau Son……………Daaklai

       Thuk Kham………..Daakno

       (l ).   Hausa sem

                Pau Suangin, Laaitui khua aa asiahkaih teng

                Inn saliang

                Gam saliang

                Tuktha         ( kum khat in tha’ khatta )

                Khaltha        ( kum khat in tha khatta )

                Daaksaap     ( sabaak khat )

                Khua paa a lal tha te inn kepsak  

       (m ).   Khuasat la.

                 Laaitui khua asaat tungtaang in, Pu Kai Siin in Pu Pau Suang aa dingin anuai aa bangin la a  phuah sak  hi.

       ( Latung )

       (a).   Vaangkhua deih ingh gual tawh sai bang saat ingh e…, Khuamual deih ingh lallu’n lam bang zong ingh e…
       (b)    Lallu aa lam bang ka zon ka khuahmual aw Siing khuahmual sang ka khuahmual ki tawi zaw maw…

       (a).   Lung deih aa vaangkhua ka saat aw…, Kasuan tuu bang zing hen aw…
       (b).   Kasuan tuu bang zing hen aw e…, Vaangkhua peek in zai hen aw… Pau Suangin anuai abangin la mah tawh a thukkik in ah,

       (a).   Zaang sa-ngalpa na bualna maazaam ingh e, Kamkei na tuang lam laaiah, sauphei sang e.
       (b).   Kamkei na tuang lam laiah sauphei sang  e, Anbang it leh a itlo, khenna hi eee.   

      (n).   Anung tunteng  

               Khuasaat zawh kum(3) khit, 1877 kum aa anung tun te.

               1.   Kai Hong                   (Thual Za Thang’pu )             ( Gualnam   )

               2.   Kai Hang                   ( Hang Khua Nang’ pu )         (  “               )

               3.   Lam Son                    ( Ngul Do Nang’ pu ‘ pa )      (  “               )

               4.   Lam Vungh                (Thang Khua Khai’ pu’ pu    (  “               )

               5.   Tawng Awn               ( Awn Za Nang’ pu )             ( “                 )

               6.   Khan Lut                    ( Gin Khan Pau’ pu’ pa )       (  “               )

               7.   Khan Suum                ( Tual Khua Gin’ pu )            (  “               )

               8.   Son Kham                  ( Vungh Kham’ pu)               (  “               )

               9.   Dongh Zel                  ( Zel Khup’ pu )                     (  “              )

               10. Ngul Laai                   ( Khup Go’ pu’pa )                (   “              )

               11. Pau Kim                     ( Kim Za Kham’ pu )             (   “              )

               12. Khup Thual                                                               (    “             )

               13. Gawih Vum               ( Pum Khan Go’ pu’ pa)        (   “              )

               14. Lam Hen                    (Vungh Sian Thang’ pu’ pa)  (   “              )

               15. Lam Thawng              (Song Khan Langh’ pu’ pa   (   “              )

               16. Son Theu                    (Theu Go’pu )                        (   “              )

               17. Suan’ Vungh                                                              (   “             ) 

               18. Lut Khai                     ( Nguil Thawng’pu’ pa )        (   “             )

               19. Hong  Awn                 ( Awn Hau’pu )                      (   “             )

               20. Hang Siing                  ( Khan Nang’ pu  )                 (   “             )

               21. Dawl Kham                                                                (   “             ).

               22. Lut Son                      ( Kham Dal’pu )                      ( Songpuut )  

               23. Siing Vungh               (Vungh Do’pu )                      (    “            )

               24. Lut  Awn                                                                    ( Songpuut ).

               25. Kai Nok                     (Thawng Zen’ pu )                  ( Haatlangh )

               26. Hen Siin                     ( Siin Khua Gin’ pu )              (     “           )  

               27. Pau Kham                  ( Khup Vial’pu  )                     (     “           )

               28. Siing Gin                   ( Tuang Siing’pu )                   (     “           )

               29. En Awn                      ( Awn Khua Zam’ pu )           (  Naulak    )

               30. Go Zam                      ( Khup Za Cin’ pu   )              (      “          )

               31. Kham Vungh                                                             (  Naulak     )

               32. Phut Neng                   ( Neng Khua Thang’pu )       (  Suksak     )

      4.   Laaitui’ gam a ki huutna

            (a).   Thu patna

                     Laaitui khua aki sat aa ki panin, Laaitui gam, khua leh ami te aa dingin, asi anaai tawh, anuntak na apia aa asih  lawh  amanh  lawh, azawn’ angau lawh,  a cihmawh azawngkhal lawh, asup  abaai lawh, atumh leh  amanh lawh leh agamh lawh tampi a om  hi. Tuabang in a om hangin pawlkhatte aki theilo, aki ciamteh  khalo, aki phawk khalo zong tampi tak om dingin ka um hi.

                    A ki phawkkhalo a ki theikhalote,  tulai khangte in zahtak na i piakna, hih Laaitui  khua  Mualsuang  tawh i ciamteh hi. A ki  phawkkha, a ki theiteng anuai  aa bangin  ki  ciamteh hi.

            (b).   Pau Suang’ khang   ( 1874- 87 )

                     (1 ).   Phalaam ukpi upa,Tei Hen

                               Laaitui khua aki sat zawh kumkhat bang aphak zawh ding ciangin, Phalaam ukpipa  Con Bik in, Laaitui khua avan dingin, a upa Tei Heng a paisak hi. Pau Suangin zong sialtalpi  khat ana gawh hi. Upa Tei Heng in sialpi khat a ki piak ding sangin thau khat deih zaw ingh a cihciangin, Pau Suangin ama tawilai, tualai sumtang  150/-manh thau khat apia hi. Hihbang aa a hihna in Laaitui khua a khualna man ahi hi.

                      (2  ).   Tedim ukpi, Khua Cin  tawh

                                 Pau Suangin  Phalaam ukpipa tunga, behiang kumsim aa apiak ding sialsiah  nihvei  taang  a piakzawh asau veilo in, Tedim ukpipa Khua Cin in, Pau Suang kiangah taangseu  siah apiak na dingin zawhthawh thu tawh a ngenaaa, a ngahloh ciangin a galbawl pah  hi.

                                (i   ).   Phut Awn man in kolbulh

               Tuabek thamlo, Tedim aa sial ngenkik dingaa apai, Pau Suang’ upa Phut Awn  manh in  kol na bulh hi. Tuabang aa a na hih ciangin Pau Suang’ zi Za Niang, a tapa  Pau Khua Zam  leh Phut Awn  sanggamte teng  tawh  Phut Awn atat na ding zam  khap (8) khat kengin, a vapai  uh leh, Khua Cinin a zam sang nuamlo bek thamlo  a cihsa taangseu siah apiak keileh   Phut Awn a khahkikloh  ding agen hi.

                                (ii  ).   Taangseu siah kipia

                                           Tua ciangin Pau Suangin  Phut Awn a khahkik theihtheih na ding tupna tawh in, a nget taang seusiah Meitei gun ciangdong a va puaksak zawh ciangin, Phut Awn a khahkik pan hi.

                                (iii ).   Phalaam ukpipa tungah ko.

                                           Pau Suangin zong Phalaam ukpipa kiangah pai in, pili asau Saiha khat letsongin puaka,Tedim ukpipa Khua Cin in thumaan lopi tawh  zawhthawh thu in atung aa a ki bawlna teng ako hi.

                                (iv ).   Tei Heng Laaitui ah paikik.

                                           Phalaam ukpipa in tua thu teng atheih ciangin, a upa Tei Heng tungah, thu aki cingtakin vai khak  in,Laaitui khua avian ding in, Pau Suangte a ciahkik  ding zuisak hi.  Laaitui a tunciang in Pau Suangin zong,  Tei Heng vok khat agawh hi. Tei Hengin amah Phalaam ukpipa taangaa a pai ahih na leh Laaitui khuain Phalaam ukpipa tung pan aki lei gam aa, khua a kisat a hihna Phalaam ukpipa  simloh  kuamah dang siah a piaklohna ding, Pau Suang in  Laaitui  khua a ma lungsim leh hoih a sakbangaa a uk
nading banah, a kipiak ngeina mahbang a, behiang kumsima sial siah apiak ding  ukpipa in a vaikhakna teng a genzawh ciangin a ciahkik hi.

                                ( v ).   Khua Cin tungah siah pianawnlo

                                           Pau Suangin zong Laaitui khua ama deihna bang tawh a uk  banah Khua Cin  tungah  taang seusiah pia nawnlo in, Phalaam ukpipa  tungah siah a piak  ngeina bangin apia hi.

                      (3 ).   Mualbem ukpi  tawh

                                Mualbeemte in, laaituite tungah siah a nget theihna dingun,  cik mah in gal leh sa in a ki nei kei uh hi.

                                (i   ).   Ahang omlo…, siah a ngetna

                                           Khatveimah,  Mualbem ukpi Do Thawng in a upate sagih Laaitui ah Pau Suang  kiangah  paisak in, taangha’ai  siah a piak na dingin vangen miikmeek hi. Pau Suangin tuabangaa athu omlo pi aa siahpiak  ding a ngaihsun theikei hi.  Mualbem tawh gal  leh sa aa ki neingei aa a lelh manh cih lah ahi peuhmah kei hi.

                                (ii).   Aneem lualiang…, Pau Suang

                                         Pau Suangin, gal leh sa ah a hansan mahmah  banglo in, asuungte lam  tawh kisai ahih leh, neem mahmah leuleu hi. Tua hi a,  apiak ding lah hi sathei lo, a piakloh ding lah a suunghte tawh a ki siat ding utlo haksa sa  in a om laitak in,

                                (iii ).   Galhangte sang ahang zaw…,  pi Za Niang

                                           Za Niangin, a pasal  Pau Suang leh a upate kiangah apiak peuhmah loh na ding uh leh,  tua a Mualbemte a lungkim kei uh leh gal leh sa  a kiman  aa kisim ding,  phuungmai ki sansak  ding ahih na dingin agen sak hi. “ Phuungmai  kisan sak ding ”  a khiatna in, inn ki halsak  ding acih nopna  ahi hi.

                                (iv ).   Geem bang aa aciahkik…, Mualbem upate

                                           Pau Suang leh upate in zong, Za Niang’ cih bangin, Mualbem upate kiangah a cih uh leh, Mualbemte in zong a cihna dang ding theilo  in  aciah  pah vingveng uh hi.

                      (4).   Mangkang kumpite tawh

                               Pau Suangin,  Phalaam ukpipa tungah sialsiah apiak ngei bang aa,  khatvei a piakkik zawh asawtlo in, Khamtung gam Mangkang kumpite in hong  lato pah hi.

                      (i   ).   A uk kumpite thumang

                                 Mangkang kumpi in Khamtung ahong laktoh ciangin, Pau Suang
in khua dangdangte  bangin lehdo ngeilo in, khua ah daitak in a om hiithiat hi.

                      (ii  ).   Gungaal lamah Mangkang kumpite hong zin

                                 Mangkang kumpi in Khamtung ahong lak zawh a sawtlo in, Mr. B S Carey, Political Officer leh Mr.E O Fowler te nih gungaal gam nitum na lam  gamteng  en kawikawi dingin hong zin uh hi.

                      (iii ).   Kamphen pa, Khaam Tut

                                 Tuabang a azin kawikawi uh, Muizawl a tun uh ciangin,  Pau Suang in uliante’ kamphenpa, Tuilangh khuami Khaam Tut kiangah Mangkang kumpi a langpanloh bek thamloh amau  khutnuaiah a om nopna thu leh, phiangsiah a kipan taaiban aki sap leh zong apiak na ding a gensak hi. Mangkang uliante inzong , Pau Suang gensak bang teng a thukim bek thamloh,  Laaitui apai na ding uh ah a kisam van pua ding taaiban aki samzah zong  a  ngetna bangin  a vaihawm sakpah hi.

                      (iv  ).   Ngaaizaangah na dawn

                                 Mangkang tote  in a nungzui galkapte tawh, Muizawl panin Laaitui ah ahong pai ciangun,  Pau Suang in zong, azi  Za Niang leh khua upa teng tawh kimtakin Ngaaizaangah  zutaak leh  saphelh keu  tawh nana dawn uh hi. 

                      ( v ).   Kiciamna bawl.

                                Mangkang tote gel Laaitui atun ciangun, Pau Suang samin, Mang kang kumpi khatvei zong a langpan ngeiloh na hangin  a lungdam mahmah na uh leh, nidang zong ciangin, tuabang aa lehdolo bek thamlph kumpi vaikhat  peuhpeuh a omsim aa a huh pahpah ban uh ah,  hoihpha takaa a om uhleh  Mangkang kumpi in zong , amau leh etkik aa ahuh na ding  agen uh hi. Mangkang tote gelin zong, “ tu a kong gen bangun hih ding na thukim hiam?,”  ci’n adot ciangin Pau Suangin zong, ‘‘ Ka thukim mah hi, nidang ciangin  zong abeisa aa mahbang in Mang kang kumpi ka huh tawntung dingaa, amau tungah ka thumaan ding hi,” acih zawhciangin,sumtang  70/- manh sialtal khat lei in go uh aa, Zo  ngeina bangin tua sialsi  lak  sialmei diahin, tua tawh  khat leh  khat
 si kitheh in kivaat aa,“ A ciampel zawzaw, sialmei pulh aa apulh ding,’’ cih  tawh  phuisam in kiciamna abawl uh hi. Tuabangaa a kiciam mah bangun, Pau Suangin Mangkang  kumpi tungah, thumaan in a om pahaa, akisap simsim in a huh tawntung hi. Tuabangin,  Mangkang kumpi tawh  kiciamna abawlna uh, Pau Vunghin Pau Pum sih tungtaangin la aphuahhi

                                (a).    Vangkhua saat a vaimang tawh  sawmsial gawhna…, Lautha na muang lai nam aw.
                                (b).    Sesum sawmsial cing lah leh e…,  ciinmangin tongdam giabang zun hen aw.

                                NB. Hih atung a Ciinmang acih  in Pau Suang acih na ahi hi.

                     (vi ).   Miau-uk suamna

                                (1).   Myo-ok Tun Win  

                                         Pau Suangin Phalaam ukpipa tungah asiah piak ding ahun hong tung leuleu hi. Siah a piak zawh asawt loin, Sukte gam leh ihzaang gamsungaa khua pawlkhatte in Mangkang kumpite leh do dingin ki ciamsim uh aa, Miau-uk Tun Win leh galkap pawlkhatte suamin athat uhhi

                                (2).   Mangkang kumpi ten thukkik

                                        Tuaciangin B S Carey leh  E O Fowlerte in anung zui galkap  te tawh, Miau-uk suam aa a kihel,  Kaaptel aa kipan khuate ah pai kawikawi in akhua  uh mei tawh a halsak  zawh ciangun,  anot manggawp uh hi.

                                (3 ).   Kaaptel ah va dawntuah

                                         Pau Suangin  a tapa Pau Khua Zam, a upate  Za Neng leh Phut Awn tawh  Kaaptel ah va pai in, Mangkang  kumpite va dawntuah uh hi.

                                         Carey leh Fowler te in zong, Pau Suang amuhphet un, a leh  dote lakah aki helloh bekthamloh nidang aa a kamciam sa a om mahbangin, Mangkangkumpite tungah thumaanaa a om cintenna lungdamna thu agen uhhi

                                (4).   Za Niangin zutaak tawh nadawn.

                                         Kaaptel khua a ki halzawh ciangin , Pau Suangin Mangkang totegel Laaitui ah tonpih hi. Laaitui atun dinguh ciangin, Za Niang in, Kongpiciiang’ah zutaak tawh nana dawn hi.Tua a hihmanin, Mangkangte in Laaitui khua a halloh bek thamloh a lung  uh akim mahmah uh hi.

                                (5).  Mangkang kumpite panpih

                                        Pau Suangin khua leh tui ahuut nop manin, a uk kumpi  ahih keileh a huhzo, ahon zo dingaa a upmawh amuan peuhmah maivil in, a  pawlbawl  tawntung hi. Tua a hihmah bangin, Mangkang kumpite zong  ahih theihzah in huh tawntung  uh hi.B S Carey leh E O Fowler te in, Pau Suang kiangah, Miau-uk suamna aa  a kihel mite leh amau  tawi  thauteng a matkik na ding huhna angen hi. Aman zong, Mangkang kumpite a langpan a, Miau-uk suamaa khua aa a bute thau:- Dimpi khua  panin lawng 5; Dimlo khua pan in   lawng19;  Suangphei khua pan lawng 7 aki gawmin lawng 31
matsak  banah  Laaitui  khuamite’  tawi   thaulawng   zong  matsak dingin thupia ahih manin khuasung panin lawng 50 avekpi lawng 81 Carey leh Fowler te tungah a ap hi.

                     ( vii ).   “Khualaipi”- Hausa kipia

                                  B S Carey leh E O Fowler te gelin zong  Pau Suang tungah  a lungdam in lah alung akim mah mah hi. Tuaciang in,  Pau Suang samin, apu apa’ gui leh mal akan  ciangin, apu apa aa hausa-gui  hausa-nam ahih  lamtak  athei hi.

                                  Tuaciangin, “ Mangkang kumpi te luangkham  aa a huhpa na hih manin,  tuni aa kipanin hausa  nasep banah, napu napa kaih nasa Khuano kual leh  Thaangkai  kual a khua (8) tengah siahna kaikik in. 

                     Tua banah Tedimah thau laisat in na na pai in,” a cih zawh ciangin, Hausa apiakna letmet (Headman Appointment )  leh zusan( Rum) thawl khat  apia hi.  Tua lai pen,” Khua laipi,” kici hi.

                                  “Khua laipi,”  abeina

                                  Hih , “ Laaitui khua laipi,”  a ki ngahzawh ciangin,  Mualnuam hausapa, Thawng Lianin kemcipin, a khuttung panin atun na lam kithei loin  amang hi.

                     (viii).   Pau Suangin, a hanciam nate  ah a lungkim

                                 Pau Suangin, a khuasat sa a huutna tawhin gimna,.tawlna, lung kham sintawl na leh genhtheihna tampi tak athuak  hi. Ahi zongin, atawp na ah  tuate khempeuh ah a gualzawh ciangin, agim atawlnate khempeuh manggilhin a  lungkim mahmah  mahmah hi. Tuabang ahih nate Pi Siing Dim in Pau  Suang  aa dingin aphuah sakin,(latuung)

                     (a)   Ciau-gal vaangkhua,  sang i gamzaang, tangin kuambang luah ingh e.
                     (b)  Vaimang cianphung, bang ki ciang ven, Miza’n tuangtut nan’ nei e.

                     ( ix ).   Pau Suang’  anuntak na bei.

                                 Pau Suangin,  Laaitui khua asaat zawh kum  ( 13 ),  Khua laipi  a ngah zawhkum (4) sung  hoihtak leh  nuamtak in a uk laitak  1887 kum in gilsan natna tawh  a nuntakna abei hi.

      (c).    Pau Khua Zam’ khang(1887-89)

               1.   Apa hauhsak zaluah.

                     Pau Suang a sihzawh ciangin, a hauhsakza atapa  Pau Khua Zam in luah  in a zom hi.  Apa’  aa  ding, Phalaam ukpipa tungah  misiah  sialpi khat leh behiang kumsim aa a piak sialsiah   zong  tawh a piakhawm hi.

               2.   Minam zui in gam kikhen

                     Pau Khua Zam in hausa asep laitak in, Mangkang kumpi in, Khamtung gambup,minam tawh kizui in gam khenna abawl hi.  Tedim vuandok pa uksung zong

               Kam Hau gam

               Sukte gam

               Sihzaang gam ci’n gam thum in akhen hi.

              3.   Laaitui’ gam, Kam Hau uksung ah atun na

                    Tuabangin Mangkangte in gam akhen uh ciangin, Gungaal (Meitei gun nitum nalam ) in Kam Hau gamsung ah ki hel ahih manin, Laaitui khua in zong Kam Hau gam sungah aki hel hi. Tua  Kam Hau  gam a uk dingin, Mangkangte in  Hau Cin Khup seh ahih manin, Laaitui khua in zong  Hau Cin Khup khut nuaiah atung miikmeek hi.

              4.   Athu maanlo,  Mangkangte  hong ukdan

                    Mangkang kumpi te in amau hong tunma aa Khamtungte ki ukzia kanlo, theitello uh ahih manin Khamtung khua khempeuh a kibang vive in ngaihsut khialhna tawh aseh uh ahi hi.

                    Khua namnih in kikhen.

                    Khua namkhat te in, Kam Hau in ama khanlai in ama ukna sungaa khua sat in, atuu atate in  akhang akhang a siahkai a   hausa asepna khua  leh, Adang  namkhatte in,  Kam Hau mahbang aa,  Phalaam ukpipa  tung pan in, a ki lei/ngah  hi in, amah bangmah in, akhang akhang a siahkai in hausa a kisepna khua  ahi hi.

                    Mangkangte  hoihloh manin thubuai piang.

                    Hihthu  ah, Mangkangte in, a telthei hetlo ahiam a hihkei leh  telna pi a lungsim maanlo, lungsim kawi lungsim hoihlo aneih man uh ahiam hang tawh in thubuai  lianpi apiang hi.

              5.   Laaitui khuaah, Hau Cin Khupin siah a kaihna

                    Hau Cin Khup in zong, Mangkangte in Laaitui khua uk dingin thu a piak na tawh kizui in,  Pau Khua Zam  in taangtang siah a piakna dingin angen hi. Pau Khua Zamin zong, Phalaam  uk pipa tung simloh  kuamah dang tungah siah  apiak na ding thu a omlohna gen in anial hi. Tua bangaa  anial ciangin,

              E O Fowler mangpa leh Sihzaang ukpipa Mang Lun in,“Nidang ciang in, Hau  Cin Khup in  hong samin aana tawh siah piakna ding hong gen veve ding ahih manin, tu in  ah  inn lusii in taangtang tawmtek kidong in pia le uhcin hoih zaw ding hi,” ci’n agen hi.  Pau  Khua  Zam in  zong tuabangin apiak takpi leh, tua akipan in, Hau Cin Khup in Laaitui khua panin  taangtang siah  akaih masak na ahi miikmeek hi.

              Siah akaih dan laih themthum

              Anuai aa bangin  Hau Cin Khup in siah a kaihdan a laih theemthum  hi. A masa in taangsiah kai masa hi. Asawtlo in, Pau Khua Zam’ khuamite’ tung pan in taang siah kai sak in, ama tungah behiang  kumsim in sialsiah a piakna  ding in thu apia hi.

              A tungaa bang in siah kumthum bang a lakzawh ciang, 1915- kumciangin, sialsiah la nuamlo in, taangtang siah mah a kaihnop banah, 1918- kumciang in,  taangtang siah zong a masa aa a kaih zahnih la nuam leuleu  banah, ama sa aa taangtang siah  apia zolote  sum peekkhat aliau sak  zong peeknih in khanto  lailai hi.

             Thuak-hak asa…, gammite

              Hau Cin Khup ahih leh, gam uk dingin Mangkang kumpite koih bek ahi hi. A ma thu, ama deih bangbang in thunei ihci  zongin,  atung a siah kaihdan alaih themthum nahang tawh in gammite in thuakhak sa uh hi. Bangzahta in amaan a hiphial zongin Pasian  nangawn in a awi tam..,cih ding zah dongin  haksa kisa  hi.

      (d).   Cin Lian’ khang

               1.   Apianna

                     Pau Suang tapa anih na ahi hi.

               2.   Azi

                     Cin Lianin, Muizawl,  Haatlanghte  beh, Mang Gin’ tunu   Am Thang tanu  Ciin Man tawh kiteng hi.

               3.    A suan leh  khak

                     Tapa Thang Kap khat bek anei hi. Thang Kap lah dammawhin zi neilo in si ahih manin a  innmang hi.

               4.   Cin Lianin bangci mi

                     Cin Lianin, amel ( tha) neu  mahmah khat ahi hi. A thaneu banglo in, a lungtang pha mahmah  banah, hangsan in bangmah kihtak neilo hi. Tua baanah, atha a hat mahmah hi.

                     Saisawwmin, Lunglenkawl ah sai beng in apai hi.  Sai khenih a zuihzuih leh, pha takpi aa, a  khaanuai pan in akap leh sai atuuk  pah hi.

Khua leh tui ahuutna.

(i  ).   Aci uh aliing, khuazaangin.

                     Khua ki sattuung in  tu laitak aa Manglaisang mun tengah ki teng masa hi.Tualaiin gal (Tual) tam mahmah a, khua kimkot in kanh(forth ) kito in, sangdeek ciangah kongpi khat  kibawl hi. Gal ki lau mahmah ahih manin, khuamui in ak giltang zo peuhleh, kuamah khualak  zong  kivak ngam nawn kei hi.

                     (ii  )..  Alau peuhmahlo…, amah bek

                     Khuazaangin hih bangin aki lau mahmah hangin, Cin Lian ahih leh lau tuan peuh mahlo hi. Tuaban ah, khua leh tui  mah a ngaihsut na in,  kanhpua lam(tulaitak aa zato lui munah), inn lamin  amah guak galvil ding in ateng hi

               6.   Ki khuangaih lawh.

                     (i  ).   Ngaih Lian i cihin.

                     Gal leh sa ah ahang mah hiding hi. Tuabek thamloh in thulam pilmah mah banah, la zong kiva mahmah hi.Tua hia, Ngaih Lian late in, i Dimpi late a sangkhai khat  mah ahi hi.  Cin Lian mahbangin khua leh tui ahu nuam khat ahi hi.

                     (ii ).   Cin Lian’ veengah.

                               Cin Lian,  amah guakin galvil aa kulh pualamaa aten ciangin,  Ngaih Lianin khuangaih  lawh leh muang mahmah ahih manin, Cin Lian vabel in, a innkiangah ama  inn valam in teng hi. Tuabang a hihna in Ngaih Lian la phuak  panin anuai a bangin  hong kilangh hi.

                    (a)   Navaang thalbang suangingh e…, na neenah sau phei sang e…, 
                    (b)   Kamkei leh do alan leh e…, ih nihgel in palbang nangkhawm ta ning e…,

             7.   Cin Lian Anuntakna abeina.

                   Cin Lian hang lualiang in,  bangmah kihtak anei kei hi. Nikhat a vom kapliam khat a zuihzuih  leh, tua saliamin nana  leh pan khiinkhian a,  nana buangawp in, a khuukkep petthak sakgawp  hi.  Tuabang tawh si nailo hi. Tua a khuukkep asuuk mahmah laitak, a lungtang phat luat man in,  akhe a tonton  bel athuan( azaanh)vat leh na salua in thuak zolo aa a si ahi hi.

             Cin Lian sih tungtaangin, Tuang Khamin a phuah lain,

             (a).   Zaang  ngawisai tawh vaimang mun ah…,  tuaimang minthang sa aw eee…,
             (b).   Anbang ki hawm thawh laitak aa…, Nahnuai vaibang tham aw eee….

                    Cin Lian’ sih tungtaang in, a unu Vuung  Mang’ tapa Pum Za Kham in a nu aphuah.

              (a).   Tun na tuai ngaih vaibang tham na, sabuaibom  kop in la’ng e.
              (b).   Kop aa ka lak thang zawm aw e, tun ngaih tuai pham thang zawm aw.

      (e)..   Suang Khua Kam’ khang (1899-1927)

               Suang Khua Kam in, apa  Pau Khua Zam thathek zo dingin ahong om ciangin,   apa’  hauhsak zaa aluah hi.

               1.   A uk, kumpiite tungah thumaan.

                     Apu, Pau Suang’ khang  aa  Mangkang kumpite tawh aki ciamna bangin, a tupa  Suang Khua Kam’ khang ciang dongin, khua leh tui a khualna mahin, khatvei mahmah zong ciampel ngeilo in,  buzuung lam, pilam ziikpi ziik aki pan a hihtheih tawpin ahuh  hi.  Tua bek thamloh galvai  savai, luangthu baanthu dong takin, aluang khamin kum (27) hausa asep sungin  a panpih hi.

               2.   Thangsang( Piantit) paite

                     1917-kumin  Piantit pai ding  Levy dong dingin E.O Fowler Tedim hong pai aa,  Laaitui khua panin mi (32 ) kaihkhop sakin ahuh hi.Tuabek thamloh, Paintit pai ding vai tawh kisai in, Mangkang kumpite haksatna  khempeuhah, huhin panpih a hihmanin, Mangkangte in a paakta mahmah hi.

              Kumpi langpang…, Kukite

              1918- kumin, Manipur gama  Kukite, Mangkang kumpi alangpang aa alehdo te  asim dingin  Mangkang galkap te pai a, tua galkapte anneek tuidawn aki pan  akisam  teng apuaksak ding  kulite avai hawmsak banah, amah mah kuli uk dingin apai hi. Amau pawlin galte lehdo in  a  kaplup bangteng uh a nawh mang ban uh ah,  galte khua ahi Kah Thuang leh Ai Bual  khua nihte a hal  tum sak  uh hi.

                      Pahtawina kipia.

                      Tua tungtaang in ama nasepna te Mangkang kumpite in lungkim  mah mahin pakta ahih manin  Nilar topa in  a pahtawina in thau-kaa  khat alei theihna ding  permit leh thau licence apia hi.

3.            Hau Cin Khup tawh thunei.

(i   ).   Hau Cin Khup’ siauhhlua hangin, lung kimlo.

                                Mangkangte in, Gungaalgam, Kam Hau gam, aki  cihnateng  Hau Cin Khup a uk sakzawh ciangin,  Hau Cin Khup in zong, tua gamteng a pu Kam Hau’ khang pan kipan, ki tatsatlo aa  ama’ khang dongin ukaa, hausa semin siah a kai bangdan keek in, Zangkung Kawl gam  Governor zumah,  atu ata khang dongin  kuamah in tuhlo aa, siah a neektheih na ding a  ngetna siauhhlua khat 1925- kum in akhia hi.

                     (ii  ).   Dimpi ah aki notkhia dingpa.

                                Suang Khua Kam in tua thu azaak ciangin, lungkimlo ahih manin, Tonzaangaa  Hau Cin Khup kiangah 31-05-1925 niin paito pah vingveng hi. Laaitui khua aa ama siahkaih teng  a kiptheih na dingin  Tedim vuan dokpa kiangah ngen ning ava cih leh  Hau Cin Khup hehlua  mahmahin,  “ Suang Khua Kam aw, Laaitui panin Dimpi ah hong notkhia ning,”  ci’n na tawng gawp ngiingeii hi.

                      (iii ).   Suang Khua Kam thu kibawl zawsop

                                 Suang Khua Kam zong tuabang aa ana ki totgawp ciangin, lung nuam hetlo in, Laaituiah a ciahkik hi. Khua atun uh ciangin, Hau Cin Khup in ana totgawp na teng leh zuauthu tawh aa Kawlgam Governor  pa tung aa a siauhhlua khiatna vaiteng , Tedim vuandok pa tungah a kan kuatna ding uh a kikum uh hi. Tuabang thu a kikupna uh, Hau Cin Khup in azak ciangin, aman Tedim Vuandok pa tungah  Suang Khua  Kam thu nana bawl(Ta-zaa-suai) zawsop hi.

                      (iv ).   A hauhsakna pan tawmvei ki khawlsak.

                                 Hau Cin Khupin  thumaanlo pi tawh  Suang Khua Kam Tedim vuandokpa tungah ana  khiat masak zawh ciangin, vuandokpa in thu asit hi.  Tua a  thusit naah,  Hau Cin Khup thusunteng ahoih theithei dingin lepsakin, Suang Khua Kam thusunte bangmah in sim saklo bek thamloh zong  a ciapteh sak  beekkei hi. Tuabang teng tawh Suang Khua Kam athu lelsak in,  20-11-1925  ni’n  a hauhsakna pan kha(6) sung khawlsak baanah, a thaukaa leh a licence a matsak banah, tua kha (6) akhawl sung Tuitawh hausa Tual Kamin, Laaitui ah hausa hong sem dingaa, tua sung in zong  Suang Khua Kam kaih siahteng zong na kai ding hi, cihthu zong a om hi.

                     ( v ).   Phalaam Mangpipa tungah azukhaan

                                Suang Khua Kam zong vuandokpa in athu a lelhsak  ciangin,  a lungkimlo in, Phalaam Mang pipa tungah azukhaan nuam hi. Tua zukhan na dingaa  a kisam, thu ki sitna aa  a thusun (ahmuhtuai)te   uh copy  14-12-1925 niin Tedim vuandokpa kiangah ava nget leh,  Phalaam Mangpi pa tungah puakzo ahihna ana gen hi. Aman zong  Phalaamah tua lai delh  dingin 18-12-1925ni’n ava pai leh, Mangpipa in vuandokpa in  a puaknai lohna ana gen hi.

                     (vi  ).   Sitni ( Lawyer ) cial.

                                Tuaciangin, Suang Khua Kamin acih na ding theilo ahih manin, Mandalay  ah pai in sitni, U Ko Gyi  akawm hi. U Ko Gyi in zong  tua alai deih uh Tedim vuandokpa kiangah anget leh, Phalaam mangpipa  tungah a puak zawhna agen leuleu hi. U Ko Gyi in zong,tua lai kan  ding in Si Khup acih khat  Phalaam mangpipa  kiangah apai sak leh, tuapa in, tua lai  hong  ngahkhia zo hi.  Tua lai siikkhauto panah  hong khia in, tua ciangin a ki ngahzo pan hi.

                     (vii ).   Zuauthu  tawh thu akhe, Tedim Vuandokpa

                                 Suang Khua Kamin zong  tua alai ngah  sitni U Ko Gyi asim sak leh,  vuandokpa in,  Suang Khua Kam in kumpi langpang ahihna Meitei gungaal(nitumna lam) Hau Cin Khup aa a hihlohna  thu Tedim Vuandok leh Phalaam Mangpi zumte kantanin, menzi zumaa asimthaam  aa akhiat na hang  a,  Chintaung upadi  pohmah (17) bangaa  azii kizuu aa,  kha (6) sung a hauksak na pan a tawpsakna banah,  athau zong aki matsak na thu ahi hi. Suang Khua Kam in tua banga aki mawhsakna thute, ahih gengen loh,  tuaciang aa a za leh   athei pan ahi hi. 

                                 Suang Khua Kam hausa  kha (6) sung a ki khawlsak  sungteng Tuitawh hausa Tual   Kam in,  Laaituiah hausa hong sem dingaa, Suang Khua Kam kaih siahteng zong  kai ding hi  cih thu  zong a ki behlap lailai hi. Hih thu khenna in anuai a thunihte hangin thumaan hetlo  ahih  na  ki muthei hi.

                              Tedim Vuandok  Rundale leh  Phalaam mangpi Col: Burn te hunlai in zong, Hau Cin Khup zong kha (3)sung a ukpi pan aki tawpsak hunsung in, ama ukpi  Pau Dai Lo in sem hi. Tua in zong Hau Cin Khup in ama kaih siah teng mah angeina  bangin kai in Pau Dai Lo kaisak tuanlo hi. Sukte gam ukpi Do Tual in zong, Nilar vuandok pa hun sungin, kha(3) mah a ukpi pan aki khawlsak hun sungin, ama kaih siahteng mah angeina  bangin kai veve hi. Atung a thute a ngaihsut ciangin, ama aa tuampian mahmah thu maan hetlo ahih lamtak theiaa, lungkimlo in Phalaam mangpipa tungah azukhaan dingin a ngaihsun hi.

                    (viii).   A hauhsakna pan ki tawpsuak sak.

                               Suang Khua Kamin, a lungkimloh na teng Phalaam mangpipa zum ah azukhaan  theihna ding Tedim Vuandokpa tungah  09-07-1926 ni in akhuan anget leh,  Tedim Vuandok pa in akhuan apiak loh bekthamloh, Suang Khua Kam’ deekpan  sawnin vuandok zum pualam ah  a hawlkhia hi. Tua banah  vuandokpa in, “ Suang Khua Kam aw,  tu ni in kipanin na hauhsakna pan in  a  tawntungin kong tawpsuak sak a,  na thaukaa zong a tawntungin kong laksak (tein) hi.,” aci lailai hi.

                   ( ix).   Suang Khua Kam matbawl.

                             Tuabek hilo, Suang Khua Kam matbawl(Akyee choh) in, 12-07-25 ni aa Sihzaanggam Voklaak khawnga akhualzin na tengah kizui sak kawi kawi lai hi.Tua baanah, ahuahsak kha(6) sung aki tawpsak sunga, a kaihsa siah  Rs 48-00-08 ( Rupee sawmli  giat leh eight annas only) 24-07-1926 ni in Tuitawh hausa Tual Kam tungah apiakna ding zong thu apia lailai hi.

                   ( x ).   Ata atute la tawh hong vaikhak.

                             Suang Khua Kam in zong thuak mahmah kisa hi ding hiam,  akam aa agen theihloh leh agen zawhloh thu tampi takte, ata atute a kipan khang sawnsawn ten atheih leh aciin dingun, la tawh hongna vaikhak in ah,

                              (a)  Tu laitak aa dot lunmang ten…, Pupa kaihthang naaktui bang kang ding ci e…,
                              (b)  Vaangkhua ziin bang ih ling nam u leh nau aw…,  Al bang mang zong kei ka sinlai patpuan bang nemnailo 

              (a). Thang  damtui bang nem ning ci leng, ka tawi kawlciang  amin thang bel…, Vaimang ah zaalzo tah ee,
                              (b).  Khangsawn ten tubang ciin ding siing gual gen ding…, Zaangzum dot kong hong leeng e…, 

                   (xi ).   Magwe  Menzi zumah azukhaan

                              Suang Khua Kamin, atung aa  ala phuakte ngaihsun lehang,  akaih siah leh athaukaate angah nopna zong mangngilh liangin,  Tedim vuandok pa in athu  maanlo, zuauthu leh zawhthawh natawh aa thu  langkhen  aa alelhsak na te nasa mahmah hi. Tua ahih manin, athu Magwe menzi zum ah azukhaan dingin, Biaknatau aa aki go ding aa aki paipih TUNO bangin,

                   Anau tumh bel      -  Pau Cin Zam,

                   Mualnuam hausa  -  Lian Mang, 

                   Thalmual hausa    -  Pau Khua Thang leh

                   Tui tawh hausa     -  Vungh Za Dal  te tawh apai uh hi.

                   Biakpiakna aa akigo   GAN  bangin, Ih Zo ngeina ah, tonh ciangaa  a kigo ding sialin,  sauveipi takmah azawm diipdeep atat zawh nawnloh dong song tungah aki  mawl pihpih  zawh iang  aa angawng ki at aa a kigo bangin,

                   (xii ).   A nuntak na abei ngawngaw…, Suang Khua Kam,

                               Menzi zumah thu aki sitma 02-02-1927 ni in avek un vakkhawm uh a,  Suang Khua Kam laaitaat in apai laitak un, gul gilo ( Muipui) in akhe tu in asi hi.

                   (xiii).   A sihpih akhua, Laaitui ah kigui

                               Tuabang aa   Magwe ah  a va tuahsiat ciangin,  anau pa  Pau Cin Zam in, alutang  a sihpih akhua Laaitui ah  hong  ciahpih hi.
08-03-1927 ni in  Zo ngeina tawhin, anuai aa  ganteng

                   Sial              (2)

                   Sakol           (1)

                   Bawng         (8) thanken in neiin kigui hi.

                   (xiv).   Athu  uh a kikhen ciangin

                              Thu patna

                              I  leitung  ah ahih leh,  thu maantak tawh thu akhen thukhen mang atam kei ding hi. Tua in tutawm hilo, taanglai pekpaa a na piang ngeingei sa thu ahi hi. 

                   (xv ).   Magwe Menzipa’ Thukhenna.

                               (a).   Manglai tawh.( Original).

IN THE OFFICE OF  THE COMMISSIONER,  MAGWE DIVISION, MAGWE

The ………………. of March  1927
General Dept Proceedings.
No. 7 ( Chin ) 1927.

Present:-  

               C.F. Grant,  Esquire,   M.A.I.C.S.
               Commissioner, Magwe Division.

Subject:-  

  1. Application of  Suang Khua Kam, Headman of Laitui and Lian Mang of Mualnuam.
  2. Peport of the  Asst: Supdt  Tiddim  and  allconnected proceedings 
  3. Report of the Deputy Commissioner, Chin Hills dated  the 20 January 1927.

ORDER.

I went over the lengthy  allegation of both parties at the hearing of   this case in their presence and with the help  of a map.  It is first of all,  to be noted that the chief member of the fiction which is against  the Chief  Hau Cin Khup,  namely Suang Khua Kam died of snake-bite at Magwe on the 2 hearing of   this case,  the land disputed called Ngunngal is a very considerable tract of land lying  west of  the Manipur River in the Tiddim Subdivision and the  whole area which is known by that name, now contains fifty two villages.

It  is  astonishing  that   a  sweeping  claim  of   the  nature  of  that  made  by  the applicants could be based on  so few positive facts.   Absolutely, the only evidence of
importance that  the applicants have any claim to a position of holding  a Chief’s right 
in the land in their village tract  is that  they have obtained the  TANGSEU- DUES. 

The applicants are related to  Hau Cin Khup  and   the Chief states that  the TANG SEU-DUES  were the free gift  by himand that he has  the power to revoke the gift he is correct or not, on the latter  point his statement  fits in with  what has been  for many years and may be accepted. In to  the stories   on which both parties based,   their  claims  which  concern  events  prior              to  the  annexation           there  is  no necessary  to  enter.   Hau Cin Khup’s  account  against the facts  as  far as known  at the  time  of         annexation          but  the  main  feature  of              both  stories  is                  the  remarkable sketchly of any holdings or rights  in the area  in question until  recent years. After Hau  CinKhup       submitted  to  the  British  and  ecceepted  the  British        Rule, he  was recognized  Chief  and  stated   by   Mr.  Head,   as  far  as  the  last  36  years   been  the acknowledged chief of the Kam Hau tract,which  includes the Gungal area,  he has the right in the  land   which a chief hasand  if not it may be  remarked the same as  the right of private  ownership in the modern and  commercial use of term.

The position of the Chin  Chief as  a feudal  baron was  first stated by  Mr. Carey  and the Chin Chief accepted  the overlordship of the British Governmant and hold their positions and rights  subject to the superior rights of the British Government and also  subject to  such customary  rights  as the individual  village held in  their own lands  or which new   villages  would acquire  by  Chin Custom  in taking up areas or cultivation. 

The applicants  have no care  at all and so their   application is  dismissed and both parties have been informed.

Sd/- C.P. Grant .
Commisioner,  Magwe  
Division

 (b).   Zolai tawh lekna

IN THE OFFICE OF  THE COMMISSIONER,  MAGWE DIVISION, MAGWE

The ………………. of March  1927
General Dept Proceedings.
No. 7 ( Chin ) 1927.

Present:-  

               C.F. Grant,  Esquire,   M.A.I.C.S.
               Commissioner, Magwe Division.

 Athute:-


  1. Laaitui  khua hausa Suang Khaw Kam leh Mualnuam khua hausa Lian Mangte’ siauhhlua.
  2. Hih thu tawh kisai Tedim vuandok pa’ hong thupuak na
  3. Phalaam Mangpipa   20-01-1927 ni aa a  hong thupuakna

THUKHENNA

Thulang  nihtuakte  maiah, gamlim en kawm in   a  sau mahmah a thusun  tuak uh  ka zaknabangin   ka ngaihsun phapha hi.  A masa penpen in,  a ciapteh huai  thuin, tu aa a ki tuhna  uh Tedim  uksung  Manipur gun  nitum nalam,  Gungal a kici  tuhun lai in khua 52- a omna  kuam teng  tawh kisai  ukpi Hau Cin Khup  thu a kibawl na aa   a  makaipi  Suang  Khua  Kam  in   thu  aki  sit  madeuh   2 Magwe ah gultuk in  asi hi.

Thu  bawlte  in,   tua  leitang  teng   khempeuh  amau  aa   hi   acih    theihna   a pauklap  thute  in gina hetlo aa, lamdang  sakhuai mahmah hi. Amau khua ah  ukpi sem in tangseu siah ngah ngei ungh  acih ciangbek simloh uh  bangmah pauklap  kho akip dang anei kei uh hi.

Tua thubawl te in Hau Cin Khup tanau te hi a,  aman  tua tangseu siahte in  a valkhong a  apiak hiaa,  amaan maanlo  cilo a lakkik nop hunhun  a lakkik theih na ukpipa in agen thu in thusuak zaw hi.  A langnih  tuak un,  Mangkangte hong ukma aa thu ci aa  a suutsuut thute in hih thu  sungah helhuai vetlo hi. Tunai mahmah hih thu apian ma a thu  Hau Cin Khup gen thute in, ahih leh  a hihloh  hong musak theizaw hi. Hau Cin Khup pen Mangkang kumpite tungah lutkhin aa,  Mangkangte ukna asan khit ciangin, amah pen ukpi za pia in ciamteh uh a,  aman ukpi  asep zawh kum 36 bang  pha khin ahih man  in,  tua leitang pen ama neihsa hizaw ding hi  tua hi kei  

leh ama in  thukhat peuh piang khinzo ding hi. Ukpipa pen gam leh leitang anei mi thupi khat hi aa,  Mangkangte to in neiin, a gammite a uk mah bangin,  ama’ gam sung teng aa gammite in,  ama thu aman ding uh hi cih thu, Mangpi Carey in zong kei tungah hong genzo hi. Lo khawhna ding aa na deih uh leitangte  no ngeina bangin na ki ngenta un.

Thu phuang tegel deihna  pen thu suaklo ahih man in,  na siauhhlua uh ki phiat aa,  tuabang bangin na lang nih tuak un kong zasak  khin hi.

Sd/- C.P. Grant.
Magwe Menzipa

                             (c ).   Lai-atpa’ telgeh khingkhai
                                       (aa).   A lipkhap huai,  Mangkangte

                                                 Nidangin Mangkangmi peuhpeuhte i thupiit ngaihsut luat manin, mangkang taktak a hih  kei  hangin, aci ngo anaak sau  leh kuuipian thuahpeuh leh i pi ngaihsut aa, i zahtak bawl pah hi. Tua in ah eimau  pumpi in  tuak  aa i theihna tawh hilo mi gen sawn peuh i  zaak  bek  ahi  hi. A taktakin ei ngaihsut  bang ana hi kei hi. Eimau pumpi aa ihtuah ihtheih tak ciangin, eimau  sangin a lungsim uh ana ginalo,  sia mahmah in zuau phuak thei aa akawi mahmah ana hih gige  lamtak ihtel pan hi.Tu laitak Kawl kumpi te muhna  in maanka sa mahmah hi.

                                       (bb).   A uphuailo, ‘‘ The Chin Gazetteer ’’

                                                 Tua ahih manh in Carey leh Tuck te in, “ The Chin
 Gazetteer,” ci aa laibu abawl uh zong, thumaanlo zuauthu tam pitak aki helbek thaamloh, ka muhkhak ka theih khakloh zuau thu tampitak mah omlai ding ahih manhin, ka thupi ngaihsut nawn kei aa zong ka thusim nawnkei hi.

                                                  Bang hanghiam cihleh, kei muhna pakte in, Pau Suang Suang in B S Carey leh E O Fowler te tawh, sialmei  tawh  ki  Vaataa,  thu ana ciamnate, ama khangaa kipan ata atuute’  khang dongin kiplet cinten in aluang uh khaamin, a panpih
   uh hangin, Carey leh Fowler in a panpih loh bek thamloh uh, zuauthu leh  thukawi tawh aleh  bawlna uh ,” The Chin Gazetteer,” sungah ki muthei hi.        

                                                  Pau Suangin Mangkangto ihcih te tawh aki ciamna uh, ata atu te nana vaitha in  aluang uh  khaamin  akhang akhang in ana panpih uh banglo in, Carey leh Fowler  te in akhut nuai  mite  na  na vaikhak lo ahiam, ahih keileh zuauthu  bulomtang peuh nana vaitha  ahiam, amau nua a to a  hong sem Tedim vuandokpa thumaan loh na leh athu kawina, a lungsim ginat loh nate anuai abangin ki muthei hi.

                                      (cc ).   Menzipa thukhenna telgeh in khingkhai dih niing.

1.   “…Thulang nihtuakte maiah, ci napi  anuai ah,
Hau Cin Khup thu a ki bawlna aa a makaipi Suang Khua Kam in thu a ki sit madeuh in … gultuk in a si hi..,”  ci leuleu hi. Hi thu thukhenna ah thukhen pa in, zuau  vive tawh kipan ahih manin, a thukhenna ah amah leh amah ki tukalh pah malam hi.

2.   “…tua leitang teng  khempeuh amau aa  hi  acihtheihna…,”   
Himah hi. Hih leitang teng in amau aa mah ahihi. Tua leitangin a Pu Pau Suangin, Phalaam
ukpi pa’ tung pan aa a leisa hi aa, siah leh bumh a nek nasa mah ahi hi.  Tuabang ahih lamtak zong, B S Carey leh E O Fowler te’n zong, a theihbek uh hilo, amaumah mah in Hausa Laipi a piakna leitang ahi hi. A am lei tang ahih lamtak a thei a tetti in, B S  Carey leh E O Fowler ahi uh hi.

3.   Tuabang nangawn aa,  “  a pauklap  thute  in gina hetlo aa, lamdang  sakhuai…,”  acih lailai in, thu khen  pan in thumaanlo ahih lamtak kilang hi.

 4.   “… Amau khua ah  ukpi sem in tangseusiah ngah ngei ungh  acih ciangbek simloh uh bangmah pauklap  kho  akip dang anei kei uh hi…,” Hihin zong ahi mah, a maanmah ahi aa, a ki jnial thei ding leh akinialzo ding thu zong ahi kei hi.  Tuateng mah paulam aa thu a nei uh ahi hi.

5.   “… aman  tua tangseu siahte in  a valkhong apiak hiaa,  amaan maanlo cilo a lakkik nop hunhun  a lakkik theih na ukpipa in agen thu in thusuak zaw Hihbang aa a genna in, thukhenpa thukawi na hong ki lang mahmah hi. Hau Cin Khup in tuabangaa a hihtheih na dingaa, Mangkangte in thu a piakna in maanlo hici aa lungkimlo aa thu a kinei  ahi hi. Tuabang aa  lumlet suk, lumletto aa a genna in, a buai sak theihtehihna ding aa  a kawi genna ahi hi.

6.     “ A langnih  tuak un,  Mangkangte hong ukma aa thu ci aa  a suutsuut thute in hihthu  sungah hel  huai vetlo hi.”  Mangkangte hong ukma aa, thute mah paulam aa, thu a kibawl kimlai, banghangin hihthu sung ah helhuailo lo ding ahi hiam? Kawilua hi, Thukhenpa.

7.    “ …Mangpi Carey in zong kei tungah hong genzo hi….,”   Thukhenpa cihbangin, hihthu in amaan takpi ahih leh, tua Carey in, mangpi zuauphuak, mangpi  lungsim hoihlo, mangpi lunsim kawi, mangpi lungsim sia ahi ding hi. Bang hanghiam cih leh, a tungaa hong ki gen sa thubangin, Pu Pau Suang Laaitui khua Hausa apia pa in Carey  mah   ahi hi.

                                                    Tua hilo aa, thukhen pa zuauphuak ahih leh, thukhen zuaphuak, thukhen lungsim kawi, thukhen lungsim gina lo ahi hi.

                                    (dd).   Thukhuphna

                                               Hih thu piang tawh kisai in, tuhun khangte in, thumaan thutak kan tello in, a upmawh na  bangun,  deihkaih in agen thei uh hi. Hihbang thu apianna  ahangin,  bangmah dang hang hilo,   Mangkangte lungsim ginaatlohna  man ahi hi.  

           (f ).  Kham Khen Pau leh Pau Cin Zamte’ khang.( 1930-44)

                   1.   Laaitui’ gam leh Muizawl’ gam

                         Pau Suangin Laaitui’ gam Phalaam ukpi Conbik tung panin a lei ahih mahbangin  Am Thangin zong Muizawl’ gam Phamlaam ukpi Conbik tung mah pan a lei ahi hi  Tuabang aa a lei ciat uh ahih hangin,  a gamgi uh tawh  kisai in thusia, thu nawngkaai om thei  tawn tung hihtuak hi.

                         Tuabang ahih manin, Phalaam ukpi Conbik tung ah  a ki khiat zel uh ciangin, Conbik in zong, tua gamgi  tawh kisai thunawngkaai akhen, a siangsak  ding leh a vaan dingin a upapa Tei Hen apai sak hi.

                         Tei Hen in  Pau Suang’ innkaa  tuangdung panin en  in, Laaitui’ gam leh Muizawl gam  gamgi  ciamteh ding in ahih laitakin, Pau Suang huai ham hetlo ahihna, Laaitui’ gam neuluasa in hawmthawh sak ahih manin Pau Suang kiangah,  ‘Pau Suang aw, Zo lo neikei lua teh, Zolui ciang ciang huamin la in,’  acih leh Pau Suangin, ‘ Phamawh kei, hihtak pan  in ka muh na ciaangciang  na ngawn  a hawmthawh aa ka om  uhleh, pha,’ ci’n a dawngkik lel hi. Am Thangin ahih leh, huaiham ahih manin, Daakgum, Sialling mual, Peengpee mual,  Kumhei mual dungdung, Gang-  telui leh Meitei gun ki tuahna, a sutsukna ciangciang huamin a lanuam  hi.

                   2.   Nuamkhua gam leh Tuitawng gamte thu..

                         (a).    Hau Cin Khup’ khutsung a tunna       .  

                       Hunkhat lai in, Nuamkhua gam leh Tuitawng gamte Muizawl khua saatpa  Am Thang’ aa mah ahi hi. Ahi zongin. Am Thang  a sih zawh ciangin,  a tapa upa bel Pau Khen leh anau, a innluah dingpa,  Gin Hang  innluah vai ki tuh in thu  ki nei uh aa,  a ki naksiat mahmah uh hi. Tuabang thu haksa, thubuai a neih uh ciang in, Gin Hang in, uk  pipa Hau Cin Khup  in  panpih aa, a thu a zawhsak na dingin, huhna angetna in, Nuamkhua leh Tuitawng gam  apiak ahi hi.Tua ahih man in, a nungciang in, Nuamkhua gam leh Tuitawng gam in  Hau Cin Khup’ gam a suak hi.

             (b).   Nuamkhua gam, Laaituite khutsung, a tunna

                      (i   ).   Laaituite  tanhsak  

                                 Hau Cin Khup in Nuamkhua  gam Laaituite deihna ciang ciang, Vutbuak mual Gangte lui sut na ciang dong,  sial sagih tawh a tatna  ding agen hangin Laaituite  in Muizawlte a hehluat ding uh ngaihsutna tawhin, a tanh nuamkei uh hi. Ahi zong in, Nuamkhua gam khenhkhat sial nga tawh a tanh uh hi. Tuabang aa a tatna ah, Khup Lamte aa sial a ki samlai, sial nih taangin,  Pi Ngul Khua Lian’ moke’n zam khaap sawm khat tawh  atat na dingin akaal  hi

                                 (ii ).   Nuamkhua gam, thubuai

                               Am Thangin Kaaptel panin Muizawl sat dingin a lalna ah, Nuamkhuaah kinga uh hi.Tuabang in a khawl laitak un, Am Thamg’ zi Zaang Ciin(Pau Khen’nu) si in, Nuamkhua’ khuanawl uh ah mual khat abawl uh hi Tua mualin 1950-kum pawl  ciang dong om laiin, tuciang dong tua  mun, Pau Khen’ nu’ mual mah kici lai hi.

                      (iii ).   Muizawlte in, Laaituite thu bawl.

                                 Tuabang aa a te’n ngeina paulamin, Muizawlte in, Nuam- khua amau gam ahihna, Laaituite thu abawl hi. Tuabek thamloh, Nuamkhua aa a te’n laitak uh aa,  Am Thang’ la khat zong a siiksan lai uh hi. Tua la in,

                                 (a).    Saupha kuambang ka laihna aw, khawhlo ka limbuuk aw ee.
                                 (b).   Thangnen dolcial ka laihna aw, kangpum ka cial tawi aw e.

                                   (iv).   Mualnuam Buzuung ah, thu ki sit

                                Atung aa taangthu siiksanin Muizawlte in, Nuamkhua ah api uh mual om ahih  na  paulam in Nuamkhua  dong amau gam ahihna Laaituite thu abawl  uh hi. 1933- kum pawl dingin, tualai aa  Tedim Vuandokpa tua thu, Mualnuam Buzungah khen
 dingin  apai hi.

                                 Amasa belin thuphuang Muizawl hausapa a thubawl  nop  na thu  adot leh,  Dakvum mual, Sialling mual, Peengpee mual, Musiil mual dungdung gunpi sutna ciangciang  dong Muizawl gam hi ci’n thu asung hi.

                                Tuaciangin, tua thusunh na tawh kisai in thulangpa Laaitui Hausapa,  Kham Khen Pau adawng dingin, asawl hi.

                                Kham Khen Pauin, Innbuuk vokpi zuncia aphakna panin, Daakvum mual, Sialling mual dung paisuk, Phillui a sutsuk na ciangciang dong   Laaitui’ gam  ahihna  agen hi.

                                Vuandokpa in zong thulang tuak thusunh a zakzawh ciang  in,  Buzung phaitam kong pan  zuntha ding kineih in, a pusuak zawhciangin, Uilei zaang dong paito in, tualai aa lokuan vaiciah te kiangah Sialling mualin koi mual a hihna adong hi.Ahi zong in, zongin  tuaatung taangin Vuandokpa thukhenna in bangciang cih a ki zakik nawnkei hi.

                       ( v ).   Tuibel Lei Buzuungah, thu kisit leuleu   

                                  Tuanung khatvei mah, tuathu asit dingin Tedim Vuandok pa , Tuibeellei Buzuung ah apai hi. Vuandokpa in thuphuang, Muizawl hausapa  thu a sit masak ciangin, Nuamkhua-ah apii uh uh mual om ahih manin tuaciang ciang Muizawl’ gam hi, cihthu a suungh hi.

                                   Tuabang in thu phuang pa a sit zawh ciangin, thulangpa, tualaitak aa Laaitui hausa, Pau Cin Zam asit ciangin, a tungaa
b.(i ). Sungaa bangin, Nuamkhua gam, Laaituite khutsung atun na dan leh ; 

                       ‘ Muizawlte’ pauklap bang danin, i pu i pite mual ciangciang eigam ki cithei ding ahih leh, Dimpi gam aa ka  Zilkhuk uh leh ka Khuaikeente ciangbaanah, Dimpi khuamual aa ka pu ka pite uh mual ciangdong, Laaitui’ gam a ki cihtheipah ding hiam,’  cih thu  sunghin  adawnkik leh, Vuandokpa in athu pian zia  dan, a telpah hi.

                       ( vi ).   Thukhenna bang tawhin.    

                                               Tuaciangin, Tedim Vuandokpa thukhenna tawh ki zui-in, Muizawl khuanawl a Mualsuang tungah Muizawl gamgi huam aki  gelhna laimal, laigual 4 te  Hau Cin  Khup Khup in, phiattmai sakin, tuni dong tua a ki phiatbaang’mualsuang a omlai hi.

                        (c ).   Tuitawng gam Pi Ngul Khua Lian’ khutsung a tunna.  

                                 Tualai in, tua Tuitawng gam, Laaituite,

                                 1.   Suang Neng ( Ngul Siam Kham’ pu )

                                 2.   Go Zel   ( Zel Khua Vungh’ pu)

                                 3.   Kim Vungh(Niang Nok’ pasal- innmang)

                                 4.   Giak Song( Gin Do Pau’ pu)    leh,

                                 5.  Tawng Nang (Thawng Khan Go’ papi)  te in a thawh laitak uh ahi hi. Hau Cin Khup in,  tua laitak aa a kho mi ngateng  kiang ah atat nop uh leh  tanh thei ahih na uh agen hangin, tua mi ngate in, Tuitawng gamin simsuah lua in ni sa salua uh ahih manin a tanh nuamkei uh hi.

                               Tua zawhciangin,  Hau Cin Khup in tua Tuitawng gam Laaituite  in, innlusi in maatkhat  dong(khon)in atat  na ding un thu apia hi. Ahi zong in  Laaitui upate in innkhat maatkhat dong zolo uh ahih manin a tanh zokei uh hi.

                               Hau Cin Khup tungah Nuamkhua gam tat na dingin, Pi Ngul Khua Lian’ moken  zam khaapsawm  a  kipiak ciang in, Pi Ngul Khua Lian khasia in a kapkap hi. Tuabang aa a kap kap lamtak atheih  ciangin, Hau Cin Khup zong a lungnuam theilo a hihmanin, a upate kiang ah, ‘ Ka ni khasia in kakap ahih leh tua zam sawng(taang) dingin Tui- tawng gam na napia un,’  ci’n   a upate a vaikhak hi. Tuabang in Hau Cin Khup’ upate in   Pi Ngul  Khua Lian Tuitawng gam pia a hihman in,Tuitawng gam in Pi Ngul Khua Lian aa kipan ama’  suan leh khakteaa’  ahi pah hi.

         (g).   Kham Khen Pau leh Thawng Khua Khamte pata.( Japan gallai).

                        Pau Cin Zamin 1934-kum pan  1944 dong  hausa asep laitak Japante in Khamtung gamteng a hong lak ciangin, a hauhsak za a upa Kham Khen Pau a awnpah  hi.

                        Japante hong thahat ciangin, Mangkangte in Imphal dong a nungkik uh    hi. Laaitui khua, Japante khut sung a tunciangin, Kham Khen Pau hausadingin kawih uh hi. Tua bekthamloh, Gungal kual Talek khua dong ukpiza pia in, Thawng Khua Kham Vuandok dingin kawih hi.

                         Mangkang kumpite in Japante hong lehnawhkik ciangin, Japante in dozolo ahih manin damdam in a lehtaikik uhaa, Mangkangte in  Khamtung gam aa kipan, Kawlgam aban aban in hong lakik leuleu uh hi.

                         1944- may kha pawlin, Mangkang Col. khatin, Kala, Golkha galkap pawlkhatte in, Tlangsaamaa Kham Langh lampii in neiin, Laaitui khua a hong pai uh hi. Mualphei, Ngul Khaite lolui a tunciangin, khuapih lokuante kiangah, khuaah Japante a omleh a omloh adong hi. Omlo acih ciangin, khuaah alut dingin hong pai uh hi.

                         Hausapa Kham Khen Pau in, Mangkangte a pailamtak a theih ciangin, Tedim aa Japan mangpa kiangah, ako dingin, El Za Nang tawh apai leh, Japan mangpa in, bang dingaa amah akoh sangin na do zawlo ahihiam ci’n beng gawp ngiingeii hihtuak hi. 

                         Mangkangte in zong,   Kham Khen Pau Tedim panin a tunkik ciangin, Thawng Khua Kham tawh aman hi. Laaitui innpi 19-06-1944 niin halin, Kham Khen Paute  pata Champhai lamah a ciahpih hi. Tua laitak panin,

                 Tlangsaam aa Laaitui’ tate(peemte)   ahi


  1. Pu  Kham Langh
  2. Hen Gin
  3. Kham Dal leh
  4. Khual Gote in a  aamah anakhan na uh tawh a  suakta kik ahi hi.

References :-   Hih Laaituikhua taangthu in,

  1. Pu Suang Khua Kam’ thu ciaptehna pan 28- 06 -1927;  11-07-1926 ;11- 07 - 1926 ;   11- 08 - 1926 ;   25-12 1926 ;   30- 12 - 1926.
  2. Pau Cin Zam’ thu ciaptehna  pan.      15- 03 - 1937 .
  3. Pau Cin Zam’ hon genngei taangthute.
  4. Acts and Achievements of  Howchinkhup, KSM ; Chief of the Kamhow Clan, Chin Hills, Tiddim(1927) 
  5. Pa  Vungh Za Thang’ hon genngei taangthute.
  6. Thawng Khan Thang’ hon genngei taangthute.
  7. Kam Khan Thang’ hon genngei taangthute.
  8. Lian Khan Thang’ hongen thute.
  9. Thang Khan Khup’ hon genngei taangthute.

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