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Agelh: Awn Za Pau – BE (Civil) ’68 RIT

   A tung aa thulu tawh kisai in, SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, ENGINEERING and TECHNOLOGY ih cih kammal (4)te in khat leh khat kizopna a nei dimdiam leh a kivalaak pha mahmah pilna siamna nam (4) thu telcian theihna ding aa kong luikhiat ahihi. Hih a tung aa leitung pilna tawh kisai a diakdiak in engineering pilna pen mikim theih dingin a Kawl lai in a hi zongin a Manglai in a hi zongin koi mah peuh ah kitam gelh het lo aa, sanglai sinna laibu sung bek mah ah kikoihcip hi zaw hi. Tua ahih manin mikim (layman)te dong in a teltheihna ding deihna tawh a bupi teng kong gelh ahihi.

   Ahi zongin Manglai pan Zolai ah ih gelh ciangin ih Zomipau kammal pen kicing zo peuhmah lo hi. Mikangte in zong Europe gamsung a pau tuamtuam guksak in a phuah tawm vive tawh hong gelh uh hi a, Zomipau cih thadah Kawllai mahmah in zong kammal zat ding kicing zo peuhmah lo lai veve hi. Hun khat lai in technology pen Kawlpau in ‘sethmuh’ na ci uhhi. Gentehna in “Yangon Sethmuh Thetkatoe” na kici ngei a, tu hun ciangin “Nyipinyar Thetkatoe” na ci leuleu in, tua pen a maan penpen a kituak penpen kammal hong suak hi.

   Tua hi aa hih a nuai aa Zomipau a ka khiatte zong, a kinaii penpen ding a kong pheen ziau hi aa, hi sang aa kammal hoih zaw a kituak zaw leh a kicing zaw om pha mahmah ding a hi ta zongin, hih leitung pilna tawh kisai a lunglutte muh theih pak ding deihsakna man tawh kong gelh hi aa, kicing zo taktak lo ding hi.

Leitung Nate Thu (Science): 

   Leitung leh vantung a om ‘na’ khempeuhte thu kan in a kician sinsen leh, a banban a tel theihna ding, ciapteh theih suaksuak nading, sin kikkik theihna ding aa, kantelna leh cian theihna banah, vantungah ni leh kha leh a dang aksite thu nadongin, nungsang ciang a apiang thei ding thute ciang dong nangawn sansat theihna ahihi.

   Science (from Latin scientia, meaning “knowledge”) is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in a form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.


Ganan ih cih Kawl kammal pan ih laksak kammal ahihi. A tom pen leh a theih ol pen in, a deihna leh acih nopna in ‘a phazah simna’(the science of quantity) cihna ahihi. A hi zongin leitung thukanna a tuamtuamte ah ganan vive mah a kizatna tampi tak om aa, tua kammal bek in cinh zo peuhmah lo hi. Tua ahih manin a bul theihnopte sim theih dingin Manglai aa kigelhsa zong kong tei sawn hi.

Mathematics (often called math or maths for short) is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change. There is a range of views among mathematicians and philosophers as to the exact scope and definition of mathematics. Mathematicians seek out patterns and use them to formulate new conjectures. Mathematicians resolve the truth or falsity of conjectures by mathematical proof. When mathematical structures are good models of real phenomena, then mathematical reasoning can provide insight or predictions about nature. Through the use of abstraction and logic, mathematics developed from counting, calculation, measurement, and the systematic study of the shapes and motions of physical objects. Practical mathematics has been a human activity for as far back as written records exist. The research required to solve mathematical problems can take years or even centuries of sustained inquiry.


   Leitung aa om na khempeuhte kantel khit ciangin, tua nate ii kizat theihna ding a bul a baal in telgeh suk leuleu aa, tua nate muhna telna pan in bang teng kipiang sak thei ding, bang leh bang gawm leng bang piang ding cih bangin ganan pilna akipan nate thu pan aa ih muhkhiat theihna pilna a tuamtuamte tawh ih nuntakna a nuam semsem dingin bangteng sephuai cih aa kipan ki-kan suksuk hi. Tuate thu a tel theih zawh ciangin, mihingte kisapnate tung tawnin tu laitak aa ih neih inn leh lo leh ih vanzat a tuamtuamte hong phuang uhhi. Tuate khempeuh leitung nate thu a tel theih semsem phitphet uh ciangin tua theihna te mah siksan in mihingte zat ding a tuamtuam hong bawl hong suktuah uh pen engineering pilna hong suak leuleu hi.

   Engineering is the discipline, art, skill and profession of acquiring and applying scientific, mathematical, economic, social, and practical knowledge, in order to design and built structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes.

   Akitel zaw deuh dingin AECPD in a nuai aa bangin na gen thuahthuah hi.
   The American Engineers’ Council for Professional Development(AECPD) has defined “engineering” as: the creative application of scientific principles to design or develop structures, machines, apparatus, or manufacturing processes, or works utilizing singly or in combination; or to construct or operate the same with full cognizance of their design; or to forecast the behavior under specific operating conditions; all as respects an intended function, economics of operation and safely to life and property.

   Tua hi aa, engineering ih cih zong a tung a pat in (BC 1325) kum pek akipanin engine’er (literally the one who operates an engine) cih kammal pan hong piangkhia ahihi. Engine kici kammal zong (BC 1250) kum pek in Latin pau ‘ingenium’ pan kila hi aa a khiatna in khuak pilna tawh kibawl kiphuak tawm set van a tuamtuam, gtn: pully, lever, lengpei (wheel) cihte a genna ahihi.

Siamtheihna (Technology): 
   Siamtheihna ih cih pen leitung aa piang nate tung pan aa ih muh khiatte tung tawn in, ama kizat theihna munte ah akisam bangin sutuah khawm aa, leitung mite in a munmun ah zat theih ding aa kibawl ahihi. Ama kizatna mun ding tawh kituak in adung a vaii asahnate banah a liim a meel phuak tawm a bawlsiamna leh zatheih siamna ahihi. 

   Technology is the making, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, or methods of organization in order to solve a problem or perform a specific function. It can refer to the collection of such tools, machinery and procedures. The word technology comes from Greek ‘technologia’ techno- meaning “art, skill, craft” and -logia meaning ‘study of’. The term can either be applied generally or specific areas: examples include construction technology, medical technology, and information technology.

   Hih a tung aa pilna nam li teng a kigawm ciangin, tuni tuhun ciang aa ih muh inn gol mahmah innsang mahmah, vanleeng mawtaw meileng tembaw leh vantung kawhawmpi paina space craft te leh thu kizak theih ziauziauna akipan tu ciang aa ih zat IT tuamtuamte hong piangkhia hi aa, a tawpna ah hih leitung kilamkhiatna leh a hoih sak a nuam sak a etlawm sak ih cihte pen engineer kici pilna a tuamtuam a theite akigawm tuahna panin ih ngah ahihi. Mite in ih phawk khak tumteng loh hangin, leitung mi khempeuh nuntak sung a nuam theithei ding aa akibawl nate khempeuhte pen engineer te bawl vive na hi khin hiat mawk hi. 

   Zattheih siamna ih cih technology kammal in engineering bek tawh kisai hi lo in, sepna bawlna khempeuh ah kizang khawmkhawm thei hi. Gtn: construction technology, medical technology, information technology. Tua mah bangin engineering cih kammal zong kammal tampi ah kibulh kawikawi thei hi.

Civil Engineering:
   Civil Engineerte nasep tawh kisai in a minthang mahmah masa penpen in BC 2630-2611 lai a Egypt gam Saqqara khua kilam Pyramid of Djoser(the Step Pyramid) ahihi. Tua banah the Pharos of Alexandia, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Acropolis and the Parthenon in Greece, Inca and Aztec Empires, the Great Wall of China, the Barihadeshwara temple of Tanjavur and tombs of India cihte ahihi.

Electrical Engineering: 
   Electrical Engineer masa penpen William Gilbert in kiciamteh hi. Kum 1800 kumin Alessandro Volta in a hi zongin, Michael Farraday leh Georg Ohm in zong a zonzonna teng in electrical tawh kisai a tuamtuam hong mu thuahthuah uhhi. Kum 1872 ciangin electric motor hong bawl thei uhhi. Tua tawh kizom in muhna leh theihna hong khangto semsem aa, James Maxwell leh Heinrich Hertz te in kum zalom 19 in electronics tawh kisai muhkhiatna a tuamtuam hong nei toto hi.

Mechanical Engineering:
A masa pen tui so tawh a kipei set (steam engine) kum 1698 kum in mechanical engineer Thomas Savery in bawlkhia hi. Tua akipanin tangpi tangta zat theih dingin tuiso tawh a pai set tuamtuam kibawl suaksuak hi. Hih te khempeuh a pian khiatna dingin mathematics pilna leh science pilna mah kitam zat pen hi.

Aeronautical Engineering:
   Hih pilna in vanleeng design suaihna, tua zawh ciangin Aerospace Engineering ci in vantung kawhawmpi sung aa paina ding spacecraft dongin design tuamtuam kisuaih beh toto hi.

Engineering Tawh Kisai Ahiang Thupi Teng:

Civil engineering:
Chemical engineering:
Electrical engineering:
Engineering science
Financial engineering 
Mechanical engineering:
Naval engineering
Mining engineering                                          
Military engineering  
Textile engineering 
Ocean engineering
Patroleum Engineering
Planetary engineering/Geo-engineering
Software engineering 

Cihte akipan tu hun ciangin aerospace  systems, architectural, biomedical, industrial, material, science, and nuclear engineering….. Cih a kipan a hiang tampi in ka khia thuah zihziah lai hi.  

Some Engineering Qoutes
Scientists study the world as it is, engineers create the world that has never been.(Theodore von Kaman)
A scientist can discover a new star but he cannot make one. He would have to ask an engineer to do it for him. 
             — Gordon Lindsay Glegg
Engineering is the art of directing the great sources of power in nature for the use and convenience of man. 
          — Thomas Tredgold
Engineering is the art or science of making practical. 
          — Samuel C(harles) Florman
Engineering is the professional and systematic application of science to the efficient utilization of natural resources to produce wealth. 
          — Theodore Jesse (T. J.) Hoover
Engineering or Technology is the making of things that did not previously exist, whereas science is the discovering of things that have long existed. 
          — David Billington
Engineers use knowledge primarily to design, produce, and operate artifacts. … Scientists, by contrast, use knowledge primarily to generate more knowledge. 
          — Walter Vincenti
It so happens that the work which is likely to be our most durable monument, and to convey some knowledge of us to the most remote posterity, is a work of bare utility; not a shrine, not a fortress, not a palace, but a bridge.
Writing upon the opening of the Brooklyn Bridge, New York. 
          — Montgomery Schuyler
Science can amuse and fascinate us all, but it is engineering that changes the world. 
          — Isaac Asimov
Scientists study the world as it is, engineers create the world that never has been. 
          — Theodore von Karman
The scientist discovers a new type of material or energy and the engineer discovers a new use for it. 
       — Gordon Lindsay Glegg
The story of civilization is, in a sense, the story of engineering—that long and arduous struggle to make the forces of nature work for man's good. 
      — Lyon Sprague DeCamp
[An engineer's] invention causes things to come into existence from ideas, makes world conform to thought; whereas science, by deriving ideas from observation, makes thought conform to existence. 
          — Carl Mitcham

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Item Reviewed: ENGINEERING and TECHNOLOGY. Description: Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Cinpu Zomi
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