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Manipur State,India Tangthu atom in.

Manipur State, India Tangthu atom in.

Manipur Gam pen North-Eastern India a om in, a khuapi (capital) min pen Imphal kici hi. Manipur Gam pen etlawm in, khuahun zong nuam ahih manin India Prime Minister masa pen Jawaharal Nehru in “Switzerland of India” na ci liang hi. Ni dang lai-in Kangleipak leh Sanaleibak (Land of Jewels) na kici hi. Manipur kumpi Meidingu Pamheiba in kum zalom 18 in Manipur ci in na laih hi. Manipur gam i leilu lamah Nagaland State om in, leitaw lamah Mizoram State, ni tumna lam ah Assam State, nisuahna lamah Chin State, Myanmar in um cih hi. A leitang zaina pen 22,327 square kilometres (8,621 sq.mi.) in zai in gol hi. Manipur gam sung ah Minam tuamtuamte teeng in tuate in Meitei, Chin-Kuki-Mizo, Naga, and Muslim (Pangal zong a kici) te teng khawm in, Sino-Tibetan languages pau tuamtuam tek in pau uh hi.

Manipur pen kum 2,500 a kipan in Asia gam tuamtuamte’ sum leh pai(economic) leh ngeina(culture) lamah akikawmtuahna mun ahi hi. Hih thu hangin Indian subcontinent leh Southeast Asia kikhawmtuahna piangsak a, nam tuamtuamte peemna gam, biak leh ngeina tuamtuam kikawmtuahna leh lutna mun suak hi. Gal tuamtuam leh Kidopi Nihna (Second World War) in zong na nawk kha hi.


Mikang ten India leh Burma a uk lai un Manipur pen kumpi tuamtuam ukna (Princely States) ahi hi. 1917-1939 kikalin Manipur miten amau ii kivaihawmna tuamna ding leh thuneihna dingin Britishte kiangah ngetna na nei uh a, 1930 khit nungin Manipur pen Manipur mite deih teelna bangin Burma gam sungah ki-omsakin loin Britishte ukna nuai-ah India gamsungah kikoih hi. Kidopi Nihna (World War II) a beikhit nung September 21, 1949 Manipur kumpipa Maharaja Budhachandra in “Treaty of Accession” kici India kumpi tawh suai na kai a, tua khit a kipanin India gam sungah om hi cin kiciamteh hi. Hih thu hangin mipi pawlkhatin kumpipan a mipite dong masa loin India gam a belh pen pawlkhat thangpai mahmah uh hi. Manipur kumpipan India a belhna hangin kum 50 sung thau tawi in suahtakna ngen a kiphinna (militant insurgency) na om to ngekngek den a, tu dongin om to lailai hi. 

Manipur ah phaizang ah teng Meiteite tam pen a, Manipur milip 47% pha uh hi. Khamtung mi 30% a phak hangin Tangpi-tangta pau (lingua franca) dingin Meitei pau Mangpau leh kizang hi. Manipur pen a tangpi in lo khawhna gam ahi hi. Loktak Lake kici hangin meitha (hydroelectric power) a hunkhop pia khia zo hi. India khuapi tuamtuam tawh kikawmtuahna dingin Vangleng phual Imphal airport kici om a, Northeast India a dingin a gol pen nihna ahi hi. Manipur panin Polo kici kimawlna Europe gam tuamtuamah kizel ahih manin a minthanna khat suak hi

Manipur State sung aa om Minam tuamtuamte: 
Meiteite milip 47 % pha uh a, a tam pen ahi hi. A nihna ah Chin-Kuki-Mizo in zom a, a thumna ah Nagate ahi hi. Naga kicite namtuam-Tangkhul, Maram, Poumai, Sumi, Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Khiamniungan,Konyak, Liangmai, Lotha, Pochury, Rongmei, Zeme, leh Mao kicite ahi hi. 

Manipur State sung aa om Pau tuamtuamte:
2001 milip pha zah kisimna bangin nam tuamtuamte hih bang ahi hi:
1. Manipuri (55.21%)
2. Thado (7.76%)
3. Tangkhul (6.06%)
4. Kabui (3.8%)
5. Paite (2.1%)
6. Hmar (1.8%)
7. Vaiphei (1.6%)
8. A dangdangte (21.67%)

Manipur ah Meitei pau (Manipuri) leh Mangpau (English) pen official languages in kizang hi. Manipuri (Meiteilon) sungah Meitei Sanamahi, Meitei Christians, Meitei Hindu leh Meitei Brahmins ("Bamons" zong a kici) kigawmkhawm a, India Constitution ah Eighth Schedule nuaiah pau khatin kihel hi cin kiciamteh hi. Meitei pau ciatciat ahih hangin a biakna uh-Hinduism, Christianity, Sanamahism, Buddhism leh Islam tawh kituakin a kilamdanna om ciat hi. 2001 milip pha zah kisimna ah pau tuamtuama paute leh a phak zah uh hi bangin kiciamteh hi: 

Manipuri (1,266,098), Thado (178,696), Tangkhul (139,979), Kabui (87,950), Paite (48,379), Hmar (43,137), Vaiphei (37,553), Gangte (13,752), Kom (14,558), Kuki (12,900), Liangmei (32,787), Maring (22,154), Anal (22,187), Simte (10,028), Zou (20,626), Bengali (27,100), Hindi (24,720), leh a dangdang zong om lai ahi hi.

Khamtung gam a paute:
Khamtung gamah pau 29 om hi cin kiciamteh hi. Hih 29 lakpanin Tan 12 (12th grade) dong pau nam khamtung mite pau 15 tawh sin theihna dingin Manipur kumpi in pia hi. Tuate hih bang ahi hi:
1. Mizo 
2. Zou
3. Poula (Poumai Naga)
4. Thadou
5. Vaiphei
6. Tangkhul (Tangkhul Naga) 
7. Paite
8. Hmar
9. Mao (Mao Naga)
10. Lianglad (Liangmai Naga)
11. Rongmei ( Rongmei Naga)
12. Maring (Maring Naga/Maring, Maring Khoibu, Maring Narum-saibol) 
13. Maram (Maram Naga)
14. Gangte
15. Mate (Mate-Taithul)

Biakna: 
1. Hindu 41.39%
2. Christian 41.29% 
(Christian pen Manipur ah missionary ten kum zalom 19 hun lai-in ong puak uh hi).
3. Islam 8.40%
4. Biakna adang dangte kigawm 8.92%.
Manipur Districts Gamlim.

Districts (Khazai):
Manipur pen district 8 in kikhen hi. 2011 kisimna bang leh a leitang golzia hih bang ahi hi.
1. Bishnupur, 496 km.sq., (milip 237,399), Headquarter: Bishnupur
2. Churachandpur, 4570 km.sq., (milip 274,143), Headquarter: Churachandpur
3. Imphal East, 706 km.sq., (milip 456,113), Headquarter: Porompat
4. Senapati, 3271 km. sq., (milip 193,744), Headquarter: Senapati
5. Tamenglong, 4391 km.sq., (milip 140,651), Headquarter: Tamenglong
6. Thoubal, 519 km.sq., (milip 519,422), Headquarter: Thoubal
7. Chandel, 3313 km.sq. (milip 144,182), Headquarter: Chandel
8. Ukhrul, 4544 km.sq., (milip 183,990), Headquarter: Ukhrul

Bitna leh Gamnuai mite Kiphinna/ Security and Insurgency:
Manipur ah gamnuaimi kipawlna tuamtuam 62 om a, Meitei, Naga, Kuki leh nam tuamtuamin zong nei tek in, khat leh khat kibuai den uh hi. Amau kal bekah buai loin India galkapte tawh zong buaina piang mun mahmah hi. India galkap 100,0000 val om hi kici hi. Manipur a gamnuaimi tuamtuam min nei diak pawlkhatte hih bang ahi hi. Uited National Liberation Front (UNLF), Peoples Lliberation Army (PLA) , People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK), Revolutionary Peoples Front (RPF), Manipur Liberation Front Army (MLFA), Kanglei Yawol Khnna Lup (KYKL), Revolutionary Joint Committee (RJC), Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP), Peoples United Liberation Front (PULF), National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN-K), National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN-I/M), Naga Lim Guard (NLG), Kuki National Front (KNF), Kuki National Army (KNA), Kuki Defence Force (KDF), Kuki Democratic Movement (KDM), Kuki National Organisation (KNO), Kuki Security Force (KSF), Chin Kuki Revolutionary Front (CKRF), Kom Rem Peoples Convention (KRPC), Zomi Revolutionary Volunteers (ZRV), Zomi Revolutionary Army (ZRA), Zomi Reunification Organisation (ZRO) leh Hmar Peoples Convention (HPC).
Zomi Revolutionary Army (ZRA)

Kuki gamnuaimi ten amau a dingin a tuamin state ngen uh a, Kuki National Organisation (KNO) leh United Peoples Forum in khaikhawm hi. Naga gamnuaimi ten Nagate tenna sung teng Nagaland tawh gawmkhawm dingin greater Nagaland/Nagalim ngen uh hi. Hih gamnuaimite ngetnate tuamtuamte hangin Meiteite tawh buaina piang mun mahmah a, Naga leh Kuki, Meitei leh Muslim kikalah ah gal zong na piang ngei hi. Gamnuaimite hangin nautang tampi in sihna tuak ta a, 2009 a kipanin kiam zaw deuh hi. SATP te ciamtehna ah 2009 in nautang 77 si a (100,000 lakah 3 si)), 2010 a kipanin kum simin nautang 25 si den hi (100,000 lakah 1 si). 2012 in bomb puahna hangin mi 107 si a, 2013 in bomb puahna hangin mi 76 si hi cin kiciamteh hi. Gamnuaimi tuamtuamin ko puahsak hi ci uh a, khat leh khat, ai keh leh galkapte a ngimna hanguh hi cin kipulakkhia zel uh hi.

Sum leh Pai tawh kisai/Economy:
Gua pen tam mahmah a, van tuamtuamtuam bawlna ding leh nek dingin kinak zat mahmah hi. Gawtuaithu kici Meitei ten soibum yendem eromba a cih uh kinak nek mahmah in, sum bawlna lianpi khat suak hi. 2012-2013 kikalin Manipur’ subawlna panin a kingah pen Rs. 10188 crore (US$1.5 billion) pha a, a tam zaw pen lo, gamlak, siamgatna leh mawtaw panin kingah hi. India-Burma leh South East Asia gam tuamtuam kikawmtuahna pen Moreh leh Tamu hi a, Manipur pen ‘Gateway to the East’ kici hi. North East sungah Manipur ah khut khawl (handloom and handicrafts) tam pen hi. 

Hydro-electricity:
Manipur in Loktak Hydroelectric project panin 2010 in meitha 0.1 gigawatt-hours (0.36 TJ) piakhia zo a, lim takin kipuahpha leh 2 gigawatt-hours (7.2 TJ) piakhia zo dinga, Manipur sung khempeuh mei tawh a vak zo bek tham loin Burma ah zong zuak zo lai ding hi kici hi.

Lokhawh singpuak lamtawh kisai:
Manipur khuahun pen buh leh bal, meh leh thei ciinna dingin hoih mahmah hi. Manipur ah thei tuamtuam-litchi, lei bea nam-cashew nuts, walnuts, lengmaw ( orange), thei thuk (lemon), lengthei (pineapple), singtangmai (papaya), sapthei (passion fruit), theikha (peach), naspati (pear) leh a tuamtuam hoihin kinak ciin mahmah hi. Manipur leitang 3,000 square kilometres (1,200 sq ml) ah gua po dim a, India gam aa dingin gua pianna leh a kileina mun lian khat suak hi. 

Kikawm tuahna:
Imphal vanleng phual- Changangei a Tulihal Airport kici pen Manipur in vanleng phual a neihsunsun hi a, hih panin Delhi, Kolkata, Guwahati leh Agartala kikawm tuam ziauziau thei hi. International airport dingin kipuahpha lai a, Northeast India a dingin vanleng phual lian pen nihna in pang hi. Lei lamah state dangte tawh kikawmtuahna dingin National Highway NH-39 kizang a, Manipur leh Dimapur (Nagaland) zuatna in kizang hi. Imphal leh Dimapur kikal pen km. 215 km (134 m) ahi hi. National Highway 53 pen Manipur leh Silchar (Assam) kikawmtuahna dingin kizang a, meileeng phual tawh kizom suak hi. A sauna pen km. 269 km (167 m) ahi hi. India kumpi in 2010 in Manipur leh Vietnam kikawmtuahna ding (Trans-Asian Railway, TAR) kici bawl ding na tangko a, hih kizo leh India, Burma, Thailand, Malaysia leh Singapore kikawmtuahna dingin kizang ding hi. 

Zin leh Leeng/Tourism:
Khualzin mite muhnop mahmah pen leitung mundangah a hing zo vet Unok pak namkhat Shirui Lily kici Ukhrul district sungah kimu in pak den hi. Tua banah Sakhi tawh a kibang pian, leitung pumpi ah koimah ah a kimu lo, Sangai (Brow antler deer zong a kici) Senapati district sungah Dzukou zang lei bekah om hi. Tua loin a muhnop mahmah Tuikulh laam (floating islands kici) Loktak Lake ah om a, kimawlna lam a uuk ten Polo piankhiatna Manipur munuam mahmah se uh hi. 1997 kumin National Games kimawlna Manipur in a zintun lai-in Khuman Lampak Sports Complex kici kibawl a, hih munah kimawlna tuamtuam tualpi tampi om hi. Andro village a Shree Govindajee Temple , Manipur State Museum kici zong Imphal khuapi sungah om a, khualzin mite muhnopna mun khatin kiciamteh hi. Nongin kici vasa zong a kimu mengmeng lo nam khat Manipur ah kimu hi. Northeast sunga dingin tuisiangtho pen Leimaram falls kici Imphal panin km. 48 (30m) a gamla ah om hi. Imphal panin km. 48 (30 m) ah Sahuan ‘Keibul Lamjao National Park’ kici om a, sa leh zu-le-va nam tuamtuam kikoih a, Sangai (Brow Antlered deer) zong hih munah kimu hi. Tua loin West Imphal panin km. 3 (3.7 m) a gamla a om Iroisemba, Imphal-Kangchup Road ah Sahuan, Zoological Gardens dang khat om a, hih munah ah zong Sangai (Brow antlered deer) kikoih hi. 

Imphal panin km 27 kigamla a om Ichum Keiram khua-ah Sadu Chiru waterfalls kici om hi. Hih munah waterfalls 3 om a, tuate Agape Park ah om hi. Amasa pen 30 metres (98 ft) in sang hi. 

Imphal panin km. 185 (115 m) a kigamla Tamenglong district ah kuahawm Thalon khua-ah Thalon Cave kici om a, tua pen tuipi panin (sea level) 910 metres (2,990 ft) in sang a, Manipur a dingin historical sites khatin kiciamteh hi. Thalon panin km. 4-5 (2.5-3.1m) a kigamla Ukhrul district ah zong kuahawm dang khat Khangkhui Cave kici om hi. Hih mun pen nidang lai-in Dawi Kumpipan (Devil King) a lupna inn dei dingin na zang hi kici hi. Kidopi Nihna hun lai-in Khangkui khuami ten bukna dingin na zang uh hi. Hih mun pen Khangkui khua panin khe tawh nai kal khat bang kipai hi. 

Pawi:
Manipur ah pawi tuamtuamte:
Lui-ngai-ni, Ningol Chakouba, Yaoshang, Gan-ngai, Chumpha, Christmas, Cheiraoba, Kang leh Heikru Hidongba leh a dangdang.

Ningol Chakouba: Hih pawi pen Meiteite pawi ahi hi. Hih hun ciangin numei mothaksate (Ningol) leh a tate uh leh a teekte uh kicialin a pate’ innah anne dingin kisam hi. Hih pawi ciangin tanaute zong kihel thei zel uh a, annek khawm pawi bek hi loin a pawi siimte leh mokhaksate tungah nu leh na ten letsong zong pia uh hi. Meiteite bek hi loin khamtungmi pawlkhatin zong hih bawi bawl om pianpian ta hi. Hih pawi pen November kha in kibawl deuh a, pawlkhatin October kha-in zong pawi a kham om veve hi. Ningol I cih ciangin ta numeite a gennopna hi a, pasal neisate bek genna hi tuan lo hi. 

Kut: Hih pawi pen Khuado pawi, anlak pawi I cih ahi hi. Kuki-Chin-Zomi ten kizang diak a, Chapchar Kut, Chavang Kut cih bangin min tuamtuam kizang hi. Kut pen Kuki-Chin-Zomite bekin zang loin nam dang ten zong va siim uh hi. Manipur kumpi in November 1 pen Kut Ni cin zum leh sanginnte kikhak hi. Kut ciangin nam laam lahna, kimawlna tuamtuam, lasak leh talent tuamtuam kidemna leh lahna, Miss Kut kidemna cihte kinei tawntung hi.

Yaosang: Hih pawi pen February leh March kha in kizang hi. Hindute pawi ‘Holy’ kici tawh a zat dan kibang pian a, Manipur a dingin pawi lianpente lakah khat ahi hi. Colour tuamtuam tawh kimawlin, pawlkhatin tui colour tawh helin kimawlna in zang uh hi. Hih pawi hun pen nungak leh tangvalte suakta takin a kipolh theih hun ahih manin Meitei ten ngaklah mahmah diakse uh hi. 

Christmas: Lungdam pawi pen Christiante pawi lianpen hi a, lenkhawmna, annek khawmna, kikhopna hunin kizang a, December 24 leh 25 in kinei hi. Pawlkhatin kumthak dong pawi a kham suak zong om hi.

Cheiraoba: Hih pawi pen Meiteite kumthak pawi hi a, Sajibugi Nongma Panba zong kici hi. March ai kei leh April kha-in hih pawi kilawm hi. Hih pawi hun ciangin annek khawmna kinei a, ni nih khit ciangin kum khat sung cidamin haksatna teng pal suakin, kantanin a sangzaw a kahtohna cih lim lahna in mual tungah kah ngeingai uh hi. 

Pangalte pawi:
Manipur a Muslimte Pangal kici hi. Pangal ten leitunga Muslimte zat hun tawh kituakin Ramzan kici amau a dingin ‘Holy month’ in kingaihsun a, an tanna nei uh hi. Ramzan pawi ni 13 sung a zat khit ciang un kha det ni-in an tang nawn lo uh a, Id-Ul-Fitr kici pawi kham in annek khawnna pawi nei uh hi. Hih hun ciangin naupang ten a puak thei kimawlna (crackers) te halin, mutpuak leh thau limte tawi in a lawmte tawh inn khat panin inn khatah Id sum ("Id ki Paisa") cin sum donna nei uh a, gualnopna hun nuamin zang uh hi. Mo thaksa ten a teekte innah nitak hun zang khawm uh hi. Id-ul-Adha kici pen Manipur a Pangalte a dingin a pawite lak uah a thupi nihna in kingaihsun hi. 

Gaan-Ngai: Hih pawi pen Zeliangrong minamte pawi lakah a thupi penin kingaihsun hi. Hih pawi pen Meiteite calendar Wakchang kha in kizang a, ni 5 sung pawi kikham hi.

Gelh : Thang Khan Lian.

Source : wikipedia.

Manta..... Lungdam.
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Theih ding : Hih Manipur State, India Tangthu atom in pen kalawm Thang Khan Lian in hih i website ading in hong atsak ahih man in ama tung ah lungdamna lian pi ko ingh.
Acing semsem ding in hong zom, hong hanciam toto lai ding hi ungh.
Cinpu Zomi.

Zomi e-Library pan ngetna

Sum leh paai tawh nasepkhopna ding olno tak in HIH-LAI-MUN-PA'N kipiathei hi.

Hih atung a article hoihnasak na, hoihnasaklohna a hizong in na muhna te anuai a comment ah hehpihna tawh honggelhsak ve lawm. I LAIBUSAAL in article tuamtuam leh panpihna a tuamtuam te nangtungpan' hong lamenden hi.I nasepkhopna te HIH-LAI-MUN-PA'N ki-enthei hi.

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Item Reviewed: Manipur State,India Tangthu atom in. Description: Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Cinpu Zomi
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