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GUITE MANG KHAN KHIATNA. Agelh ~ Thang Khan Dal

GUITE  MANG KHAN KHIATNA.
Agelh ~ Thang Khan Dal



Ih pu ih pa te a khangkhang in gamh ki luah suk in,a thu neih na a ki pan a neih a lam teng a ta  u pa pen in luah suk hi.Ni dang hun lai in ta upa pen beh sungah TUULPI hi pah hi.Tua a hih man in beh sungah thu nei pen zong hong hi pah hi.Hun khat ciangin beh pawl khat in nau tum pen inn luah sak uh hi.Upa pen khang gui ki zom a hausa sep na a nuai a bangin ih mu thei hi.

Pu Guite hong khang to in mi muan huai –in hong om ciangin Pu Songthu in CiimNuai nusia in lal khia a,CianLai khua sat hi.Hih  CianLai khua pen gamsai tampi a po na mun zang khat a hih man in a nunung lam ciangin SaiZang ki ci hi.Tua mun pen CiimNuai pan in a gam la het lo mun a hihi.Pu Songthu a lal khiat khit ciangin Pu Guite in CiimNuai ah hausa sem hi.CiimNuai pan in Pu Thado suan leh khak te a lal khia masa pen te uh a hihi.Tedim gam leh Tonzang gam sung ah khua mun lui tampiThado te khua lui hi ci in ih pu ih pa ten na gen uh a ,a inn mun te uh tu dong mah ih muh theih lai tampi om hi.Pu Guite in CiimNuai khua ah khang 7 hausa a sep khit uh ciangin GeelTui khua sim in zo uh a hih man in Geel tui ah hausa sem uh hi.Geeltui ah khang 5 hausa a sep khit ciangun Kaal zang sim uh a zo uh a hih man in Kaalzang ah khang 6 ciang bang hausa sem uh hi.

(a). Tedim khua sat masak na.
Kaalzang khua ah Pu Gui Mang  in hausa a sep laitak in gal beng sa beng in kuan khia koikoi hi.Tua bangin a gam kuan khiat na ah Tedim khua mun teng teen na ding hoih sa mahmah in,Kaalzang a tun kik khit nikhat gam en dingin a upate tawh hong kuan khia kik uh hi.Pu GuiMangin hoih a sak na mun hong tun uh ciangin khua dak koikoi uh a,mual zang tung pan a et suk uh leh bual khat mu uh hi.Tua bual pen nitang singlim nuai ah tediamdiam in mu uh a,gam en ten (paihte pau in) “hiai a tui zaw a tedimdim mai mah” ci uh hi.Pu GuiMangin Tedim khua hong sat tak ciangin a gam et lai un a kam pau uh tap in Tedim khua hong ci uh hi.Pu Gui Mang in Tedim khua a sat hun penAD 1550 kum pawl hi dingin ki ciamteh hi.Tedim ah khang 3 bang Hausa sem uh hi.Pu Gui Lun hong khan ciangin tapa Lam Mang Le Thang Go a neih laitakin si a,a tate neu lai lua ahih man in anu in a pute kiang Bumzang khua na belh pih hi.Pu Gui Lun zi pen Bumzang khua Manlun innpi te tanu a hihi.LamMang le Thang Go Bumzang khua ah hong khang khia uh a,a lawm te lak ah hat leh pil hong thuah uh hi.Tua bangin a lawm a gual te lak ah kilam dan na a neih ciangun Bumzang khua hausa upate in”Hih naupang gel nungsang ciangin lelh pen in hong om ding hi,”ci-in a patauh na uh kikum uh hi.Thah sawm uh a,  ni khat  LamMang le ThangGo sam in “Tuahpi ken lam ah zapeng la ni”cin zol uh hi.LamMang le ThangGo in zong zui pah uhhi.Tuahpi ken a tun uh ciangin LamMang ken kil ah a din laitakin sawn khia uh a LamMang ken kia in a si hi.Thang Go in a u pa a sawn khiat uh a muh ciangin tai pah vingveng a, a delh hangun pha zolo uh hi.ThangGo  in gun kan tan in gun gal ah suang tum puak khop khat ki suan in ka pu ka pa khan gui zom zo dingin nong siam leh hih suang tumpi khawl lo gim lo in TuiThang hong tun sak in hong siam khuazing,khuavak aw ci-in TuiThang khua ah pai to hi.A suang tum puak khawl hetlo in gimlo tawl lo in TuiThang khua tun tak pi hi.Pu ThangGo in TuiThang khua;KeiZang khua;Nuam khua;SialThah khua te bel koikoi hi.Pu ThangGo SialThah khua ah om cih a ki theih ciangin LamZang khua a Ngaihte te’n Hausa dingin sam uh hi.LamZang khua ah Pu ThangGo pan khang 3 ciang  Hausa sem uh hi.

(b). Tedim khua sat kik na.
Pu PumGo khang ciangin pu khua pa khua sa ci-in Tedim ah teen ding hong sawm hi.Pu PumGo in Tedim khua a sat kik hun pen AD 1760 kum hidingin kiciamteh  hi.Tedim khua  ah a ten khit ciangin SuangKang khua;MawngLang khua;Phaidim khua;KahGen khua;Belpi khua;SuanZo khua;Sasih khua te sim in zo uh hi.Hih khua teng a zawh ciangin Tedim khua pan in uk a,siah kai hi.Nidangin khua khat ta hausa sem bek hi-in Tedim khua hong sak kik ciangin a kim a pam a khua te  khua 7 bang hong uk ciang in,ukpi min hong ngah hi.Pu PumGo in hih bangin la hong phuak hi.

1.    (a).DimTui vang khua,khua nun nuam aw,siah leh sawm taang a tun na;.
(b).Siah le sawm taang a tun na aw,sing ta’n lam bang eng nah e.
            2.   (a).Taang silsial e,taang silsial e,Dimtui vang khua taang silsial e;
                  (b).DimTui vang khua taang silsial e,kawi tawh laukha ka hual na.

Tedim khua ah Pu PumGo a sih ciangin a tapa upa pen Pu Mang Sum in gamh luah in Tedim ah ukpi sem hi.

(c). Pu MangSum in Tedim khua ah ukpi a sepna.
Tedim khua ah Pu Mang Sum in hausa sem in ukpi a sep laitak in Laizo khua ah Hausa a sem Pu MangGin zol a,ka tupa aw Tedim ah teeng khawm ni ci’n sam hi.Pu  Mang Gin pen  galhang galsiam a minthang a hihi.Tua hun laitak in Pu MangSum seppih upate KhoiLam(Hatzaw);Pu TelKhat(Thawmte); Pu GenEn(Lethil);Pu KimThuam(Zilom);Pu CinKim le Pu Pau Am(Samte);te tawh na vai hawm khawm uh hi.Pu Mang Sum   Tedim khua ah ukpi hong sep sungin a vai hawmpih upate mipil vive uh a hih man in minthang mahmah uh hi.Thu vai hawm na lam a hizongin,gal vai sa vai a hi zong in hong minthan lai takin khat vei Pu MangGin in Pu MangSum kiangah Kahgen va sim ning a cih ciangin ka mite tampi om hi,ka mite na su kha kei in ci’n vai khak hi.Pu MangGin in Kahgen va sim a,galmat tampi hong tun in Pu MangSum mite kihel a hih man in,Pu MangSum in tuate a khih na khaute phel sak in a khah khia hi.Pu Mang Gin zong heh in va delh kik a ,a vek un va leh kaih hi.Tua ciangin Pu MangSum heh mahmah a,Pu MangGin thah ding sawm hi.Pu MangGin zong a tu a ta te tawh tai in,Zahau gam Ngalti Hausa pa va beel hi.Tua hun laitak in MualBem khua ah hausa a sem Pu Kaih Mang(Sukte) leh Pu KhanThuam kilem  lo a hih man in Pu KaihMang in Pu KhanThuam a thah sawm ciangin Pu KhanThuam zong  Falam gam Rallang khua hausa Pu Khuang Ceu bel in na tai hi.

Falam gam ah a om sungin Pu KhanThuam tapa Pu Kam Hau hong tangval in zi neih hun hong cing ta a hih man in Tedim a teeng Phuaizang Guite  Hausa Pu Mang Kam tanu Pi Ciin Ngul  Pu Khuang Ceu in pi sak hi.Pi CiinNgul pi-in a ciah  pih uh ciang in a paipai na uh a tung ah meiilom khat in zui-in tua meiilom in zui a muh ciangin Pu MangKam in “Aw ei Guite vang teng CiinNgul in pai khiat pih ai ve”ci hi.Pi Ciin Ngul nu –in a ta nu hih bangin la na phuah hi.
(a).Paipai ve aw,von ka lia nu,mual kal ve aw,khua len suang mual na khup ciang tun aw ci aw;
(b).Ka zuan phai va a lawh na,nah sing nuai ah,ngo meii kai nuai na tun ciang zua aw ci aw.

Pu KhanThuam te Falam gam pan hong khang khia uh a,Falam te huh na tawh Tedim gam hong sim uh in, a banban in hong zo uh hi.Tedim khua tha khat a sim ding haksa sa veve uh ahih man in hong gal to niloh uh hi.Bang hang hiam cih leh Pu Kam Hau zi pen Pu MangKam tanu hi in,Pu Mang Suum zi pen Pu Mang Kam nau nu hi a, Pi Ciin Ngul a ding a gang taktak na hi zel hi.Tua ciangin Pu Mang Suum in ihtu ihta te cih hangin hong sim takpi nuam uh hiding hi ci-in a beh a phung a zuizo teng tawh sak lam ah tai to uh hi.(Chin gazetteer vol-I:125).Pu KhanThuam in Tedim pan in PuGuite a nawh khiat kum pen 1840 kum hi dingin ki ngahih sun hi. (Chin gazetteer vol I :121)Tedim pan in PuMangSum a beh a phung tawh lal khia in nidang Thado te teen na Mualpi khua ah teeng uhhi. Tedim pan in Guite  1870 kum in a honpi in lal khiat na om a pawl khat te Mualpi khua zuan in  pai uh a,tua lo teng Lushei gam lam zuan uh in Lushei ukpi Poiboi bel uh hi.(Chin gazetteer vol-I :141)Mal gam lam zuan a lal te India gam dong na tung to uh in a tuntun na uah khua sat in hausa mah na sem uh hi..Pu MangSum Mualpi khua ah si hi.

Tedim khua ah Guite a na teen sung un a khutma a nasep nate uh a ki lang sak article khat a bangbang in a nuai a bangin ka pulak hi.

(d). Guite Tedim khua a teen lai mipi a khualna uh a kilang sak article.

TONZANG KHUA IN MIDDLE SCHOOL A NGAH NADING HANCIAMNA ZIA.
                                                                                                     Dr. Sian Za Kham.
                                                                                                     M.B.B.S, D.A ,M.A(Theo).

Tonzang,Tungtuang leh Tuitum kipawl in Tonzang kadang sang kumpi ten tan 7 ciang hong piak nading uh ,Tonzang khua pan mipil muan huai pen ahi Pu Vungh Za Kham makai-in Pa Son Tual leh Pa Sian Za En te Zangkong khuapi ah Cheape Road Nambat 30,Mangpi Pu Thawng Cin Thang inn ah hong kinga uhhi.

Kum 1953 August ni 10 ni-in Zangkong khuapi a sangkah ko Tonzang sang naupang teng Pu Vungh Za Kham in hong sam hi.Rangon University ah I.Sc.First Year a sin Dam Khua Hau leh kei ka nih un ka va pai uh a,St.Paul’s High school a kah Pu Sian Lian Pau leh Pu Khup Do Dal te zong hong pai uhhi.

Tonzang khua pan a hong pai Pu Vungh Za Kham leh a pawlte Pa Son Tual leh U SianZa En te tawh ka ki nohset khit uhteh Pu Vungh Za Kham in hong pai na vai uh lim takin hong genkhia hi. Innteek pa Mangpi Pu Thawng Cin Thang leh Ni Niang Khua Mang te nupa zong ka kikhopna uah hong kihel hi. Pu Khampi hong genna ah hong pai na vai pen uh Tonzangah kumpi ten tan 7 sang hong piak nading uh Tamadah pa U Ba Oo kiangah ngen ding,kangagh masiah uh ciah lo ding hi ung hong ci hi.

A masa penin 1953 kum sungin Kawlgam kumpi in Tedim gamah kumpi sang Middle School khat hong pia hi.Tua hun laitakin Tonzang khua ah Private Manglai sang tan 7 ciang kisimna khat kinei hi.A siapi zong Matric zo-sa Sia Mang Za Lian hi a,sang naupang zong tampi pha hi.Dolluang khua ah zong Manglai sang khat mah om hi.Tua ahih manin Tonzang leh Dolluang khua nih sial khau kisut bangin Middle School ngah nading kisut tuak uhhi.Kua zaw pia ding cih thu pen tua hun lai tak a Zogam vuanzi a sem U Shein Thang’ thu ahihi.Vuanzipa in zong khentat haksa mahmah ci hi.Tua bang kawmkal ah U Shein Thang’Body-guard sem Mawngken khua mi Bo LianKhua Gin na om hi.A mah zong hai lo-in Vuanzipa tungah,”Tonzang pia le teh Dolluang in hong mudah ding,Dolluang pia le teh Tonzangin hong mudah ding hi.Tua ahih teh Gamngai khua pia le teh hong mudah ding omlo,nang ading hoihpen hi,a na cih ciangin vuanzi pa in hi taktak,ci-in Gamngai khua middle school pia hi.Bo Lian Khua Gin pen Mawngken khua mi hi a,Gamngai in tua sang ngah leh khuami sangnaupangte ading hoih pen ahih teh ,na hai lo hi.

Tua bang thu a ki zak ciangin Tonzang,Tungtuang leh Tuitum,khua thum mite thangpai,hagawi-in bang cih le’ng sang ngah ding cih thu nasiatakin Tonzang innpi ah kikupna nei uhhi.Tua kikupna sung ah,Pu Vungh Za Kham in thupi a sak a ciin huai thu khat ko kiangah a nuai a bangin hong genkhia hi.

Tonzang khuami U Thawng Za Gin dawisa leh puankhui a sem tanu khat bek a nei pa hing,ka tanu zong nungak nai lo hi.Suan leh khak dang ka nei kei hi.Ahih hangin i khua ah Manglai tan 7 kumpi ten hong koih nading nakpi tak ka deih hi.Sum le pai kisam ahih leh zong ka innmun ka logam zuakin sang i ngah nadingin ka ki pia ngam hi,i ciapteh ding ka deih na-in Tangthu khat hong gen ning ci-in a nuai a bang in gen hi.

Nidang lai-in Tedim khuapi ah Guite na teeng uhhi.Tu laitak a Gawngmualte,Tuilanghte gamteng tua hun lai-in Guite ii lo ahihi.Guite in a lo sung uah haino an kung lakah na suansuan uhhi.Khualzin,a lo gei a tawn mite in a muh uh teh “No bang hang a,an deep liangin hih haikungte suan zenzen na hi uh hiam?.hai gah,no nuntak sungin ne kha ding kisa na hi uh hiam?.ci’n a awi lohna thu a gen uh teh Guite in zong”Hi mah hi,ko ne kha kei ta le ung zong nidang ciangin hih hai gah tawh a nungta zo mi om thei kha ding hi”.ci-in dawng kik uhhi.Tua Guite gen pen nak man mahmah hi.Bang hang hiam cih leh keimah Thawng Za Gin,Tedimah tawl khat ka teeng ngei hi.Tuk ciangin gamlak(Gawngmual,Tuilangh gamte)ah hai min mite in lo-in Tedim ah nisimin kizuak a,sum muh na khat suak hi.Guite in haimin a nek khak loh uh hangun mi khat peuh adingin nuntakna khat suak hi,” ci-in gen hi.

Guite in haino na suan kei le uh gamlak ah a mawkna in haimin kingah loding,mi khat nuntak nang suak loding ahih zah khat in suan leh khak ka neih loh hangin ken Guite haino suan bangin Tonzangah Manglai tan 7 sang ngahnadingin ka logam zuakin Pu Vungh Za Kham makai inZangkongah Tamada kiangah va nget nading uh lampai na’ng sum bei ding kaihkhopna ah ka kihel ngam hi,no tuni-a hong kikhawm khempeuh in zong tua bang mah a na hanciam na’ng uh Guite haino suan bang a,i han ciam ding kong hanthawn hi”.ci’n U Thawng Za Gin in a gen tak ciangin mipi lungsim nak suk khak lua ahih man in a inn mun,a logam te uh zuak in sum hong kidon uh teh ko Zangkong hong tung suk hi ungh ci’n Pu Vungh Za Kham in hong gen hi.Tonzang adingin Middle School ka ngah matengin tam ding hi ung ci hi.

Pu Vungh Za Kham pen mipil mahmah khat hi a,kawllai nak theih mahmah,palih bang phungzite sangin siam zaw phial hi.Budha biakna zui hi a,phungzite,siadawte tawh kihothei mahmah hi.Tonzang in sang a ngah nading zong siadawte in nakpi takin na panpih uhhi.Tamada kiangah na paipihin limtakin a na genpih uh teh a thu teng Tamada in na tel siang hi.Pu Thawng Cin Thang te innah kha khat val tam in an na vak uh a,tua sungin Tonzang sang ngah nading na phu den uh ahih manin a sawt na teh ngah takpi uhhi.

Tamada in a tuam vilvel in Tonzang ah Middle School a piakna Order suaksak thamlo-in tua sang a zat ding Radio khat leh a kisam na tampi piakbeh lai hi.Pu Khampi leh a lawm tegel zong lungdam lua uh a,ko Zangkong a kah Tonzang sang naupangte hong zasak kik uhhi.Tua hun lai-in Nyanglebin khua a om 2nd Chin Rifles sungah Tonzang mi paltan tampi om ahih manin Pu Khampi leh a lawmte meileng zui-in Nyanglebin ah bang uhhi.

October kha sangkhak tawh kituak ahih manin kei zong Zangkong pan in ka u Neng Za Suan kiangah sangkhak(Holiday)sung ka tam tawh kituakin kava kihel kha hi.Pu Vungh Za Kham te zong ka ute kiang hong tung uh a,2nd Chin Rifles sunga om Tonzangmi paltan:-Captain En Cin Kham,Captain Neng Za Suan,Liutenant Suan Khan Thang,C.S.M.Neng Suan,Sergeant Nang Za Gin,Sergeant Cin Za En leh adang Tonzangmi tamkhopte in zong nakpi takin sang ngahna lungdampawi bawl uh a,mitampi samin lungdam thugenna nei uhhi.Pu Vungh Za Kham in a paina vai teng uh a kicing takin gen hi.Kawl phungzi pawlkhat zong kisam a,Pu Khampi in Kawlkam in zong thugen a,Phungziten hi bang mipil Zogamah om thei maw,ci-in lamdang sa zawzen uhhi.Sang pahtawina’n Tonzang mi 2nd Chin-a omteng in sum kidongin Shield khat leh Naipi khat na pia uh a kusale teng zong sum leh letsong zong na pia ziahziah uhhi.Tonzang sang ngahna Order,Radio,Vanzat ding tuamtuam,Naipi,Shield leh a letsong ngah teng uh tawh lung dam takin Nyanglebin panin gualzawhna tawh meileng zui-in Mandalay tawnin Tonzang hong ciahto uhhi.Tonzang mi 2nd Chin Rifles a omtengin limtakin meileng khawlna ah kha-in lungdam takin kikhen uhhi.

Tonzang a tun uh teh Tuitum,Tungtuang leh Tonzang a om khempeuh in nidang lai-a Sai man vaidawn bang lianin mualpi ah nadawn uh a,zo thau kanpuak bangin na lot uh in tukpak na totsak uh a,zu leh niang tui tawh na muak uhhi.Pu Vungh Za Kham,Pa Son Tual,U Sian Za En te nakpi-in pahtawina na pia uhhi.Phit leh dak khuang leh zam tawh a lamsa in  mualpi pan na ciahpih uhhi.

Hih bang hanciamna i neih manin Tonzang ah Middle School kingah pen ei,Tedim gam adingin tua hun laitakin bang zahin manpha hiam cih kigen theilo hi.Bang hang hiam cih leh Tedim gam in tan 7 sang khat bek a kingah ding kim lai nih kingah suak a,Gamngai khua zong lungdam,Tonzang khua zong lungdam,a tawpna ah pilna sin nuam vinven i khangnote adingin gamla pai kul lo-in kisin thei cih pen Pasian hehpih na leh mipi hanciamna hanga piang hi,cih ciapteh huai hi.Hi bangin sang ngahna ding i hancianna zia kei phawk khak kong gelh ahihi.

(NB.Tonzang sang ngah na thu a gen na sungah Khang tang thu ading a ciapteh huai  ih minam te  khual nading leh ki thu tuah na hangin minam gual zawh na pianna  phawk ding kisam a hih man hih Article a bangbang in ka suah sak ahihi).

 (e). Mualpi ukpi Go Khua Thang.
Go Khua Thang pen Tedim khua ah 1821 kum in suak hi.A gol ciangin a pa Pu MangSum tawh sai veipi thu leh la vaihawm khawm uh hi.Pu Mang Sum in a zi dingin Losau Guite’ innpipa’tanu Pi Cing Paam  pi sak hi.A pa Mualpi khua ah a sih ciangin a ta u pa pen a hih mah bang in a pa gamh Pu GoKhua Thang in luah hi.A Pa tawh sau veipi vai hawm khawm uh a hih man in thu vai hawm hong siam pah hi.

GoKhuaThang(Chin gazetteer :141 ah Nokatung or Kokatung in ki at) pen (Yo Chief of Mwelpi ) Mualpi khua Zo ukpipa ci’n Mangkang ten na ciamteh uh hi.(Chin gazetteer vol-I :141).PuKamHau mi leh Sukte mi pawl khat in Meitei gam khua neu te gal guk in a va sim zel man un Meitei mang Maharajah in Tedim KamHau sim ding sawm hi.Meitei mangpa in Mualpi khua a Guite simlo a, kam tai  sawl in”Tedim khua-a sukte va sim ni”ci-in pawl zawt uh hi.Bang hang hiam cih leh Mualpi khua pen kulh leh gal pan na tawh limtak kilam ahih man in zawh ngap lo nahihi.Meitei Rajah kamtai te kiangah Pu GoKhuaThang in “Tedim a om sukte pen ka sang gam uh hi,a huasa pa zi zong ka sang gam nu uh hi,ko ka sim kei ding uh hi”ci-in vai khak hi.

Tedim gam ah khua khat leh khua khat kido in gal leh sa tam lua ahih man in Pu Go KhuaThang zi in”Mal ah ih sang gam te tawh ih om na peuh ah om khawm leng ut ing,a mau hong ciah suk kei ding leh ei va kikhin to ni,a mau zong ei hong ngai ding a ei zong a mau ngai hang” ci’n gen zelzel hi.Tua ahih man in Pu GoKhuaThang in Mal gam zin ciangin  lam kalah buai na om loh nang in Meitei mang pa saiha khat leh sum eng kuang khat a pia sak hi.Pu GoKhuaThang  Mal gam a sang gam te kiang hawh ding in a gal kap te tawh a thau neih teng kengin ni khat hong zin khia uh hi.Nikhat lam hong pai khit uh ciangin mun khat ah zan giak uh a tua zan in a mang uh sia lua in lung nuam hetlo uh hi.Tua pi mah in hong zin suak uh a,lampi ah gulvompi khat in lam na khak hi.A tonpih uh Thado pasal khat in”Pu aw,gulpi lam khak ih tuah ciangin ki kam sia thei hi,kik ni”a cih hangin Pu GoKhuaThang in pasal khualzin tupna tung lo a kik ding ut lo ci’n pai suak teitei uh a,Chothe Munpi khua Losau innpi va tung uh hi.Pu GoKhuaThang in a zin na vai uh kikup pih pah hi.Chothe Munpi innpi pa pen Sim gam ah a sang gam te zuan a a tai loh nadingin Meitei Rajah in thau lawng 12 tawh na kho khin a hih manin Sim gam zuat ding utlo hi.A sang gam te a ngah loh ciangin Pu GoKhuaThang a ciah kik hi.

(f). Pu GoKhuaThang kimatna.
Chothe Munpi khua pan-in Pu GoKhuaThang te a ciah kik uh ciangun Thanbung ah Meitei Rajah tawh kituak uh hi.Guite pawl in a letsong piak uh muangin”Bang mah hong cih ken teh cin va nai uh hi.A mau lam et na bang lo uh a,Meitei te in na mat bawl uh hi.A hih hang in khembawl uh a,”Gal ih sim khawm ding a, ih kipawl ding hi,ih thau vui ih thau tang a ki bat kei leh haksat na om ding a hih man in na thau te uh ih bawl pha ding hi,na thau te uh hong ap un “a ci uhhi.(Chin gazetteer vol-I :141).Pu GoKhuaThang te in zong um uh a, a ap khin uh hi.Guite thau teng a et uh ciangin Meitei min kigelh khin vive a mu uh hi.(Hih thau te Pu KamHau te a sim un gal lel a,a tai na uah tuithauli a a khiat te uh Mualpi Guite in na ngah kha uh hi) Tua caingin a mat nop tha uh suak semsem a,Pu GoKhuaThang sikkol bulh pah uh hi.Pu GoKhuaThang leh a mite Thanbung pan in a mat khit uh ciangin paipih uh a,Lamlangtuang tunpih uh in a naupa KamLian leh Dong Ai tawh thong sungah khum pah uh hi.Tua ciangin PuGoKhuaThangin a mite kiangah,”A cimawh hi zo hangin a tai thei peuh na tai un la,ih pian zia teng inn a te  na ko un,” ci-in Meitei te in a sam a tan sak pen hoih tak in hensak a,a mite pia in,”Hih sam inn a te na tun un” ci-in la khat a phuak hi.

(a).Teitui  zuapa’n khan a pham ta ding ci e,ciin sol sang leh vang khua aw na vel ve               aw;
(b).Thei bang sen a taang lal thah pal cih tuan na,mim bang pianpih ciin mangin na velve
aw.

Pu GoKhuaThang Meitei mang pan thong a khiat hun 1872 kum sung hi-in a sih ciangin Meitei Rajah mangpa in thu za sak a,”Na ukpi pa uh si hi ,a luang na deih uh leh hong la un”a ci hi.A luang kila in Lamka(Churachanpur) khuapi sung Salvation Army Biak inn gei,Manipur Ex-Servicemen te-inn pan nisuah na lam ah kivui hi.

(g). Pu Go KhuaThang sih ni-in khim zing.
Pu GoKhuaThang a sih ciangin  tua hun tawh ki tuak in  nimail a khim zing ding bangin leisung ganhing neute(ciim-cii)ham in khuang baite khuang kelkel uh a, lung zuan kai mahmah ni khat a piang hi.Tua ni-in Pu GoKhuaThang zi in khua ngaih la hi bang in sa hi.
(a).Zang khen kawl ciang kiang Thang aw,lam bang ngakna na duang zun sik phual gia a bang na zuun veng e;
(b).Kha-in na pham pet hiam aw dit zozam aw,thang van sun ni a taang lai khimzing veh e.

Khimzin ma nisut lai tak in ni sum a ,Mualpi khua te in,”Tu ni-in thu lam dang khat a pian na on ding hi”a ci uh hi.Bang hang hiam cih leh tua hun lai-in mite in “Guite innpi a sih ciangin ni suum hi”ci-in ciamteh uh hi.
           
Pu Go KhuaThang in mat leh hen a tuah ciangin hi bangin la phuak hi.
1.(a).Thai tawh ho lung kum ing e,phung kop mung lo bang tum e;
 (b).Phung kop mung lo bang tum tang e,zang ta’n va bang man hi e.
2.(a).Zang lei ah hen kol khai ing e,sawn tawh al bang mang ing e
(b).Zang tui bang luang suk ing e,phung aw khau bang sut vevua.
                       
(h). Pu Suum Kam in ukpi sem.
Pu GoKhuaThang a ki mat lai tak in Pu SuumKam zong ki hel a kol kibulh pawl hilo a hih man in a suak ta pawl ah kihel hi.Pu GoKhuaThang a sih ciangin a tapa upa pen Pu SumKam in a pa gamh luah hi.Pu Suum kam in Meitei mangpa kiangah a pa a khah khiat nadingin tam veipi a thum hangin ngah lo hi.Tua bang hangin Meitei te tungah phu a lak sawm hi.Thauvui thautang kigingin khua khat khit khua khat a banban in a nuai a khua leh mite te sim in zo hi.

1.    India gam Hingtal leh Phaipi kikal a om Khol(Khawl)mite.
2.    Muan zungkai-a khawthang mite.
3.    Meitei leengmangpa khut nuai-a om Khuapum khua kici mun a teeng Milawng kici minamte.
4.    Meitei Rajah in a uk mi Cin kici minam te tawh gam kituh in kisim uh a,zo gawp hi.
5.    Meitei leengmangpa uksung mite mah ahi Kawm minam te lehAiman mite.
6.    Tonglawn khua a teng TuangPhut te tawh khua mun kituh in kido uh a,zo gawp in Tong lawn khua ah teng pah hi.Tua bangin gal zo koikoi in a minthan cianginMeitei leengmang pa zong lung patau mahmah in a om hi.Pu SuumKam in galzo koikoi-in a om ciaangin hi bangin la a phuak hi.

1.(a).Ka zua lun leh khua gih kawlciang,a thamna vang khua lian e;
            (b).Do lung lian leh tulian sang mang mi cin a tuang tung aw e.

2.(a).Ka zua tham na Teitui lun aw,bat lei a sial ding aw e;
             (b).Tan bang kimna vang khua nuam no,lung lai a sial ding aw e.

3.(a).Ka zua thamna Teitui tuang lam,litui bang tanh ngam la’ng e;
              (b).Limbelh tawh pai bang kop tang e,kamkeii hang khua suan ing e.
4.(a).Sa lawmlawm e,sa lawmlawm e,Teitui ni bang sa sang e;
            (b).Hat lawmlawm e,hat lawmlawm e,zinleeng hiam bang hat sang e.

5.(a).Zang lei dawh a tam aw e,killam suih a ngil aw e;
            (b).Zang lei dawh tam tuanglam tungah,nung leh kama sawm maw’ng e.

6.(a).Zua tawh henkol ka khai na,zang lei dawh tam,lung ka heh na,zang lei vui ka kai sak e;
(b).Zang lei tuan ngil kei hing e,sumh lu khuamual tulta nahneu dawnah zang sunni ka-awi sake.

7.(a).Ka thah khua hong en vevua khuakim gual aw,zang lei dawh a tam hi e;
            (b)Zang lei dawh a tam tungah aw,sumhlu bing bang khai hi e.

8. (a).Lung ka heh na zang lei tung teng,kaihbi bang zial nuam ing e;
            (b).Kaihbi bang zial zo ing e,maa lo bang hial zo ing e.

9. (a).Henkol khai na zang lei dawh tam,gual aw bel bang vel velve aw,.
            (b).Zanglei dawhtam lung kaheh na khuamual tulta nahneu dawn ah zang sunni ka 
            awi sak e.

(i). Pu SuumKam leh Meitei te kilemna bawl.
Pu Suum kam in Meitei te sim a, a pa’ phu la dingin a kuan khia hi.Mal gam ah a sang gam te tawh kop in Meitei gam lam manawh a,kuan khia uh hi.Tua Thu Meitei leengmangpa in a zak ciangin na pang pah hi.Pu SuumKam te pawl tawh  Morrang zangah kitun tuah uh hi.Meitei mang pa in zong kam tai pai sak in”Guite Ningtho aw kapa hong thah sak hi,ci-in kha sia kei in,kong khah sawm lai tak un a ci na in a si hi,tu in kilemna ih bawl ding hi,kam kikupna bawl dingin na mite 10 tawh hong pai ta in,”a ci hi.Pu SuumKam in a galkap mangpa HauNgil Lo tawh mi sawm teel khia in a paipih hi.Kam kup na nei uh a,kilem na bawl ding thu kim uh hi.Kilemna bawl ding a thukimm uh ciangun a gal kap te tuak uh tawh Kaparang Torbung ah gamgi suang phut uh a kamciam na bawl uh hi.Meitei Rajah in Phaizang gam teng uk ding a,Pu SuumKam in Khamtung gam teng uk dingin kithu kim uh hi.Pu SuumKam in hi bangin la na phuak hi.

(a).Zua mang hei na zang lei dawn ah,namtem tawi kiheek ing e;
(b)Pupa khan a ka lal leido na tong dam sang zo ing e.

(j). Pi Lun Man  ut lopi-in Pu Khua Cin zi ding a paina leh Pu Suum Kam Tong lawn lalna.
Pu SuumKam in Mal lam a va phak ciangin Malgam hoihna mu-a,a lung leng hi.A lung len na thu te a nuai a thu leh late hang a hihi.Pu KamHau in a tapa Khua Cin zi dinginPu SuumKam naunu Pi LunMan a dong hi.Pi LunMan ut lo pipi in Pu KamHau zi Pi CiinNgul pen a sang gam nu ahih man in a sang gam nu a khual na in  pai sak hi.Pi LunMan in a ute sawlna nial ngam lo-in a pai hangin lungtu zolo in a tau buh  a hak buh te khat zong kenglo hi.Zan a lup uh ciangin PiLunMan in a nik a puan suah lo-in ki  tun a ki tuam phitphet ahih man in Pu KhuaCin zong thang pai-in tho a,a gal van teng tawh kithawi-in alum a tei tawi-in min sial in hi bangin la a sa hi.

            (a).A mi ki tawi phungin lam bang tawi ven kei zong ka siallumno tawh kitawi ing e;
            (b)Keizong kasiallumno tawh kitawi ing e,mim bang pianna ka phunglun lai sial ing e.


Pi LunMan in zong thuk a,

 (a).Ih sialsial a ih phung min ih sial tak in,tuan a kei pupa mah mang zaw ding hi e;
b).Tuan a kei pupa mah mang zaw ding hi e,miphung lun peuh ang kawi ding lungsit ing e..

Pu KhuaCin in  thuk leuleu a,

(a).Tuak mawh anglai damtui bangka sin kuan in,buh-al khuan a leido lal nawhno bang e;
(b).Buh-al khuan a leido lal nawhno bang e,taang ka sinlai sak duang zin bang ling ing e.

Pi LunMan in thuk leuleu a;

            (a).Lung tu lo anglai ah ka sia’h zang sim sal bang lai ah na sa’ng e;
(b).Mimphung leh tun lun aw e,sinthu lel vevua,lung tu lo anglai ka siah leido gamzangno bang e.

Tua bang teng a ki cih khit uh ciangin Pi LunMan om thei non lo in ciah pah vingveng hi.Tua thu hang in  Pu KhuaCin tawh kilem loh na hong piang hi.Pi Cing Paam in lah a pa sal nuntak lai pek a Mal lam ah a sang gam te tawh om khop ding a ut tawntung a hih si tawh Mualpi pan lal khiat ding a ngaih sun a hihi.TongLawn a a sang gam te in Mualpi ah va pikhia uh in Pu SuumKam te TongLawn hong tung uh hi.

(k). Pu SuumKam leh Meitei Rajah kilem na bawl kik na.
Pu SuumKam TongLawn  a tun MeiTei mangpa in a zak ciangin nuam mahmah a,”SuumKam aw tu in kilemna picing tak ih bawl ding hi,a nung talai sal taang teng leh  asi te guhsia te kong pia kik ding hi,ka kiangah hong pai ta in”ci-in thu a za sak hi.1874 kum march kha sungin Pu Suum kam zong Meitei leengMang pa kiangah va zin hi.Pu SuumKam  zong ki gal ging sa in pai a,Chothe Munpi;SinZawl;Kang  Kap;SongTal khua te a a sang gam hausa te tawh pai uh hi.MeiTei Rajah tawh Torbung ah kitun tuah uh a kilem na taktak bawl uh hi.MeiTei Mangpa in Pu GoKhuaThang tawh a mat khop sal taang lai teng ciah sak kik a,a site guhsia zong phong khia kik sak in a min ciat uh tawh a ciapteh na bangin puan tawh tun in a pia hi.Tua banah thau;teipi;namsau;thalpi leh lum te zong a pia kik hi.Khuttawi(letsong) Nai; Khainiang;Temteh;Sahang puan;Dalzem te zong a pia hi.Khua tuamtuam a pai hausa te zong letsong khat ciat a pia hi.Pu SuumKam in zong saiha khat a piak thuk hi.TongLawn hong tun kik uh ciang in  Pi Cing Paam a kah la in:-

            (a).Ka kiangpa dingdiang aw e, zang kamno bang eng aw e;
            (b).Zang kamno bang eng aw e, banzal-in huai cimlang e.

Pu SuumKam in zong hi bangin la phuak hi.

            1.(a).Zang lei tuan ngil kei hing e,sumlu vaii puan-in pua’ng e.
               (b).Sumlu vaii puan in pua’ng e,gual aw na tai kim nam aw.
           
2.(a).Kimpih sai bang sat na mun ah,zua Thang kiaklou suak aw e;
               (b).Tu-a ngaih sial ih bual na aw,ka zua lal nawh na hi e.

            3.(a).Ih gal dot a zou no ki tawi,len lai a sang ih nawh na;
               (b).Tu-a mono taang bang khan na,ka zua lailen na hi e.

 (l). Tonglawn ah PuSuumKam in vaihawm.
Pu SuumKam leh MeiTei mang pa  ki lem na a bawl khit uh ciangin TongLawn khua ah nuamtak in vai hawm thei hi.Tua lai tak in a kim a pam ah hausa sem te;Singtam ah Khawthakte Thang KhuaZam;Mallam Munpi ah GoThang;ChoteMunpi ah GoSuum;Chongkhozou ah LalTual cih bangin hausa sem uh hi.

1892 kum in Tonglawn ah Chin Hills Political Officer va hawh a,sal taang teng khah khiat dingin a nget leh mang nuam lo uh a hih man in C.P.O in Lal Tual leh mi khat man in Imphal ah ciah pih uh hi.Tua kiman te Pu SuumKam in phaipi ah va kan in kha nga bang khit ciangin Pu LalTual te lawm te hong khah khia uh hi.Hih thu ah Pu SuumKam mai tang kisa in la a phuak a;

            1.(a).Phung huai na leh vangkhua huai nan,Teitui zan tam taam ing e;
               (b).Lido za tam melmak lai ah,phung mang ni bang tang ing e.

            2.(a)Zanglai a henkol khai te aw,luainam bang suut zal ing e;
               (b).Phung ka huai na’n gual ka huai na’n ka tong neemsak zal ing e.

            3.(a).Van sin nuai ah do lung mang te’n,ka min anglai ah sia e;
               (b).Ang lai a siat lunngo hinge,ka sau hai bang ngak ing e.

Tonglawn khua pen SuumKam khua zong ki ci hi.(Chin gazetteer vol-I:141).Hih khua ah Pu SuumKam a vai hawm sungin thusia lasia om lo na pi dam thei lo uh a, a mah na ngawn pum zaw nat na ngah hi.Tong lawn pan lal khia uh a Singtam khua tung uh hi.Singtam khua ah a om laitak un kial tung a an neek tui dawn hak sat na hang in Sialbu khua ah ki suan uh hi.Pu SuumKam pen 1893 kum in Sialbu ah leitung a nuntakna hong beisan ta hi.Pu Suum Kam a sih ciang in Guite innpi a ta upa pen ThangPau in in gamh hong luah hi.

(m). Pu Thang Pau in Guite innpi luah.
Pu Thang Pau in Sialbu ah vaihawm in hong om hi.Sialbu pan in SongTal ah  ki suanhi.Pu Thang Pau in SongTal ah hausa a sep laitakin sai beng dingin kuan khia hi.A sai ben na ah sai khaat lian mahmah khat tawh ki tuak in sai in delh a,sing kung ah kah hi.A sing niam deuh a hih man in sai in a mawl tawh kai khia –in that hi.Pu ThangPau a sih in a tapa KamZaMang neu mahmah lai hi.Pu ThangPau zi Pi Ciin Man a lung kham in hi bangin la na phuak hi.

(a).Mimphung lai a na kawi lia nu’n tatna sa bang hawm maw’ng e;
(b).Nua ciang ka hei zaw diam aw e,von sen ka huai zaw diam aw.

            Hih bangin la a phuah ciangin a upate in zong hi bangin la tawh na hehnem uh hi.
            (a).Teng khawi  za tam sial ngam la’ng e,ciandal minthang aw ci’ng e.
            (b).Ciandal minthang na tawi mono kum sawt hai bang ngak ve aw.

Upate in”Na tano mah ngak zaw in” ci-in a la tawh a thu tawh a khoh mah bangun a tapa KamZaMang ngak in a om hi.A neu a ki pan in limtak in makaih a teisak hi.

(n). Pu KamZaMang in Guite innpi luah.
Pu Thang Pau a sih ciangin Pu KamZaMang naupang neu cik kim lai mah hausa dingin za a guan uh hi.Upa vaihawm te in makaih in thugen lagen zia hilh uh hi.Pu KamZaMang hong gol ciangin SongTal pan in Mimbung khua a sat kik hi.Pu KamZaMang in a neu lai pek mah in pu leh pa ngeina sep loh pha mawh a hi TUULPi nasep te sin pah hi.A pa sial sut puan silh in sial a sut ciangin mai zum thei mahmah lai hi.Tua thu a nu in a nuai a bangin la phuah hi.

(a).Tangsial sun ding ka von momno ni cin sun nau bang dip e;
(b) Van sin nuai a mi za tam aw,mimphung lun sangah hing e.

(o). Pu KamZaMang AiZawl ah sang kah.
Pu KamZa Mang a neu lai-in AiZawl gam a Mangkang ulian(British officer)pa  MimBung ah va zin hi.Pu KamZaMang kiangah sang kah in lai na sin ding hi.Mang lai na siam ciaangin ukpi na sem ding hi ci-in Aizawl ah ton pih hi.A din khiat ciangun a nu Pi CingMan in a nuai a la phuah hi.

(a).Deih bel a ma ciang na sawt,khang vaimang in,thangnen huih khi sem ding zong na sung ve aw;
(b).Khang khan zang dum puannel a ham bang ka huai mom milmel maciang nawhin  nong ngai nam aw.

Aizawl ah sang a kah ciangin a sam tuktum met sak uh a Pu KamZaMang in hi bang in la phuak hi.

(a).VaiMang namtem hiam lawmlawm e,besam len tual ah khia e.
(b).Lenlai duang lawm tung kaih besam nuai ah tual khia ding aw e.

Pu KamZaMang Ai zawl ah kum thum sang a kah khit cianginMimbung khua ah ciah kik hi.Mimbung khua pan in Hansip khua a sat nop ciangin,a sang gam pa ThangKhuaZam tungah Mimbung khua ukna za ap in a lal hi.

(p). Mang Khan Thang inHansip khua ah Guite khang zom Hausa sem.
Pu KamZa Mang hun in  Mang kang kumpi in Guite gam ciapteh na a nuai a bang a hihi.

Kawlgam lam pan in Buhsuankot tung siah hi a, India gam lam pan in Sialkol tang dung pai suk in Dialkhai ah;tua pan Kaihlun mual dung pai suk in Tuivailui man a;tuinak lam zuito in Buh suan kot ah man kik hiHih huam sung teng Guite gam kici a;Guite hausa a sem peuh in a khua ciat ah siah na kai uh hi.Kam Za Mang a sih ciangin a tapa ZangKhua lian in gamh luah ding a hihi.ZangKhuaLian Churachanpur(LamKa) ah sang a kah lai tak in si hi.Tua hi –in a sang gampa Mang KhanThang suan leh khak in Guite innpi luah suk uh hi.Tu hun dongin MangKhanThang suan leh khak te in hausa sem zom lai uh hi. 

(q). ZO KHANG GUI LEH GUITE KHANG   CIAPTEHNA.(ZO AND GUITE GENEALOGY).
  1. Zo suan CinLung;SungLung.
  2. CinLung suan SongThu;Songza;SongKip;ZaHong;HangAm;SongHen;SongMang; KhawngThang;ThangTawl;ThangTulip;CinHil.
  3. SongThu suan Guite;Thado,ThangPi;SatTawng;Samte;NeiLawng.
  4. 1.Guite suan TuahCiang;NiVang(Nunthuk;MunLuah;Naulak;Sukte;Zilom te pian na). 
  5. 2.TuahCiang suan LamLei;HauZel;DoZel.
  6. 3.LamLei  suan CiangKhauh;KulGen;NakSau.
  7. 4.CiangKhauh suan LeiMang;Ngaihte.
  8. 5..LeiMang suan KhuahMang;KipMang.(Tang Pua,Tawmbing,GualNam te pian na).
  9. 6.KhauhMang suan MangVum;Sinte(Thomte;Songput;Lethil te pian na.)
  10. 7.MangVum suan NgekNguk(NeNu a ci zong om);SuahSin.
  11. 8.NgekNguk suan BawkLu.ThatZui.(KhaPhil;SianThuam;MangZo;KhupKhuai;Gui Leng;KhupThuam;  HilSia;NeihVup te pian na)
  12. 9.BawkLu suan GuiSuum;DuhLian
  13. 10.GuiSuum suan MatLun;Galte;TonLun.
  14. 11.Matlun suan NuangMang;HauhSing.
  15. 12.NaungMang suan MangPi.
  16. 13.MangPi suan MangLun;KhupTong;Valte.
  17. 14.MangLun suan TonLun;HatZaw;HatLangh;HatLei;LangEl.
  18. 15.TonLun suan GoVum;MunSong.
  19. 16.GoVum suan TonMang;Minvak.
  20. 17.TonMang suan GuiGen.
  21. 18.GuiGen suan GuiMang.
  22. 19.GuiMang suan VumMang;GuiLuah;MangKim.
  23. 20.VumMang suan VumSuum;ThangPum;ThangPau;SawmPau.
  24. 21.VumSuum suan GuiLun;MangPum;MangZil.
  25. 22.GuiLun suan LamMang(si);ThangGo.
  26. 23.ThangGo suan MangPum;BuanSing;HauhSim;TonSing.
  27. 24.MangPum suan SuumMang;LunNgul;PauNgul.
  28. 25.SuumMang suan PumGo;AmPum;KaiLun;MangVungh.
  29. 26.PumGo suan MangSuum;PauLun;LunPum;PumPau;NawkVum.
  30. 27.MangSuum suan Go khuaThang;KamLian;PhungPum.
  31. 28.GoKhuaThang suan SuumKam;AiLian;PauTual;SuumLangh.
  32. 29.SumKam suanThangPau;ZamKhuaLian;LianKhuaSuan.
  33. 30.ThangPau suan KamZaMang;MangKhanThang.
  34. 31.KamZaMang suan ZangKhuaLian(Suan leh khak nei lo in ThangPau ta zom pen in gamh luah hi)
  35. 32.MangKhanThang suan LianCinPau;KamKhanKham.
  36. 33.LianCinPau suan PauMinThang.
  37. 34.PauMinThang suan PauMangLun;KhamMuanSang;KhamGinSian.(PauMin Thang khang ciangciang tudong mah in Guite khang zom in Hansip khua ah Hausa sem in siah ne lai hi.
(r). Guite Innpi khang gui zom inHausa a sep na khua leh a khang.

CiimNuaiKhua->(1).Guite.(2).TuahCiang.(3).LamLei.(4).CiangKhuauh.((5).LeiMang.                                                                                                                                                                                .                               (6) KhauhMang.(7).MangVum.(8).NgekNguk.
GeelTui.---->(8).NgekNguk.(9).BawkLu.(10).GuiSum.(11).MatLun.(12).NuangMang.(13).MangPi.
KaalZang-->(13).MangPi.(14).MangLun.(15).TonLun.(16).GoVum. (17).TonMang.(18).GuiGen.
                        (19).GuiMang.
Tedim-I.----->        (19)GuiMang.(20).VumMang.(21).VumSuum.(22).GuiLun.
LamZang---->       (23).ThangGo.(24).MangPum.(25).SumMang.(26).PumGo.
Tedim-II.----->      (26). PumGo. (27).MangSuum.
Mualpi-------->      (27)..MangSuum.(28).GoKhuaThang.(29).SuumKam.
Tonglawn----->     (29).SuumKam.
SingTum------->    (29).SuumKam.
Sialbu----------->   (29).SuumKam. (30).ThangPau.
SongTal----------> (30).ThangPau..  (31).KamZaMang.
Mimbung.-------->(31). KamZaMang.
Hansip.-----------> (31).KamZaMang.(32).MangKhanThang.(33).LianCinPau.(34).PauMinThang.

(s)GUITE  LAPI TE.
Hih lapi te a kisak ciangin dawn neilo a,dawng khat pen a bul a te in thumvei.a dawn a te in thum vei, kidawng ngelhngelh a kisa a hihi.
1.Ciim khua a pu von thangin pehsik sa bang hawm e,Khi cil bang a cil tawh zang ah suak e phal aw ci e.
2. Pu von thang lah sang lungpi-in sa e,saksang phung lawh bangin lung a tup teng tuang
ah tung nah e.
3..Ka mun inn lah lam tual kim sak ing,Phomsing bang ka siat thang e,khua kim a mi’n
lei bang lel nah e.
4.Khua kim a mi’n siah in demlo ka khua Ciimtui tung ah ka vang kammei sa’ng lah
sa zaw e.
5.Nuai siah ciandal vang khua hawl dimdim khua kim ka kaih loh bei e,ka phung kim pih
siah sial-in kai ing.
6.Pu von thang aw ii ka sual na omlo,sun ni sa’ng lah sa zaw’ng e,mel mak tengin sih
khum bang hong zuan nah e.
7.Pu von thang leh thawn ii zua pa mi liang hong sing omlo,tung thang vanpi’n kei
hong sing hi e.
8.Pasal dingin KhupTong sial tual sing ing,ciin khuang ka tum ni’nsial leh sawm tang-in
ka tung nung hi.
   
(t).PU NAWK VUM SUAN LEH KHAKTE.
Guite khang..| (26)na Pu NawkVum suan te.
                       1/27.HenPhung->1/28 PhungTual.
                        |                           2/28.KhualCin.
                        |                           3/28.TualDam.
                        |                           4/28.DamEn+.
26.NawkVum>|                         5/28.HauNgul.
                        |                          6/28.Pi Lam Luai.
                        |                          7/28.Pi DimVung.
                        |                          8/28.Pi AmNing.
                        |
                     2/27.HenVum->1/28. Pi NawkVung
                                               2/28.  Pi Nem Man.
                                               3/28.  Pi NgulZaKhen(Tawmbing beh Pu Dong Pum zi)
                                               4/28.  Pi ThawngNing(Mate beh Pu SoThawng zi)             
1/28.PhungTual->1/29.VumSong->1/30.CingKhanNiang(Numei hi-in khang gui bei).
     (Pu Khual Cin Suante Tonzang ah teeng uh). 
2/28.Khual  Cin----->1/29.CingKhuaZen (HangThuam-Tawtak).             1/31.NangThonPau.                         
   &TeelNuan.           2/29.TualPum.*                                                            2/31.NingKhanNiang.                                                       
   (Manlun).               3/29.OnZaNang.--------------->1/30.CingDoThang-->3/31.NgaiLamCing.
                                   &AwiKhuaNing.                          &DonKhanCing. 4/31.NingHauCing.
                                       (Buansing)                                    (Telsing)             5/31.NiangKhanMang.
                                  4/29.LianVungh.                     2/30.ThangSuanPau.*
                                  5/29.OnKhuaZam.                  3/30.VunghKhanSuan,
                                 6/29.vungKhuaVial((KhawlCin-Hautual).
3/31.VunghKhanSuan.----------->1/31.NiangNgaihEn.         1/32.SuanSianTung.------>1/33.Mang
   &KhanNing(Buansing).          & NengKhanSuan(HangLuah)        &DimZamMang.
 &LuanKhanMan(Tomging).     2/31.NangKhanMang---->/    (Hangluah)                                                                           
&VungNgaihHau(Tomging).      &NuamSuanCiin.             2/32.ManHauCiin.              
                                                             (Surkhua)                     3/32.ThangSuanKim.
                                                                                                   4/32.NorKapThang. 
                                                                                                   5/32.ThangPianLian.
                                                       3/31.SuanKhenDal.          
                                                             &Kawlte.
                                                       4/31.DalKhanCing.
                                                             &KhamCinTuang.
                                                        5/31.CingSanNiang.
                                                             &MungNgunTuang(Hatzaw)
                                                        6/31.NingHauLun. (Ko- U-Kachin).
                                                                                 &Ko-U(Kachin)
                                                        7/31.PauDoTuang.----------------->1/32.ManNgaihKim.
                                                          &KhupSianHuai.(HatZaw).      2/32.LunSanCing.
                                                        8/31.KamSuanMung.                   3/32.CingLamHau.
                                                        9/31.SuanGoLian.                        4/32.SuanKhatMung.
                                                      10/31.NingLenNuam.
                                                               &KhamSuanLal(Tomging)
                                                     11/31.DimNuamLun.

4/29.LianVungh-->1/30.NangKhanSuan.*                         5/29.OnKhuaZam----->1/30.NuamKhanNiang.        
     &LuaiNiiang.    2/30.DimNgaihCiin.                                &VungZaKhawm.      2/30.PumNgaihLian.
      (Khuptong).     &KamKhenKham(Sukte)                                               (Buansing)               3.30.DimNgaihVung.
                                3/30.NuamKhuaNing.
                                   (CinKhanPau-Naulak)
                                4/30.ManKhanVung.
                                   &ThangSianKam(Guite).
                                5/30.ZamKhanPau.*
                                6/30.ZamKhuaCing.*
                                7/30.ThangKhanDal------->1/31.VunghKimMang.------->1/32.DalSianPianMung.
                                    &ZelKhanNiang.              &CiinDeihSang(Naulak)      2/32.TuangSuanKhai.
                                      (BawmKhai)                  2/31,NiiangLunCing.             3/32. Sum Sian Kep.
                               8/30.NingDoNiang.                   & CinLianSum(Khuptong)
                                   &CinSuanMung(Naulak).            3/31.LuaiSanNiang.
                                        9/30.CinKhuaCing.*                  &KaiSianKhai.(Tungdim)
    
                (Pu Tual Dam Suan te Lamka ah teeng uh)
        3/ 28.TualDam-->1.|-29.LuanThawng-->1|-30.NengKham.--------> 1.|-31.ManKhuaZen.
                                                                          2.|-30.LuanZaCing.         2.|-31.ThongKhanPau.
                                                                          3.|-30.CinNgaihCing.       3.|-31.CinKhanKhup. 
                                                                          4.|-30.KamSuan.              4.|-31.CingSuanNiang.
                                                                                                                     5.|-31.CingKhanHau.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                     6.|-31.SutKhanThang.
                                                                                                                     7.|-31.ThangSuanLian.

2/31.ThongKhanPau--->1/32.CinLunCing.              3/31CinKhanKhup--->1/32.VungBiakMung.
     & DonKhuaVung.    2/32.KhamLianMuan.                 &HauNiang.        2/32.Kham LawmSang.
                                         3/32.PauKhanKhual.                                                3/32.NingNgaihLianKim.
                                         4/32.VungLamNiang.                                               4/32.Thang Johnson.
                                         5/32.Zen Melody.                                                       5/32.PauZaKhan. 
 6/31.SutKhanThang.-->1/32.CingNgaihLun.      7/31.ThangSuanLian--->1/32.KhamZamAwi.
     &NemNgaihLian,      2/32.KhamLalSiam.            &NgaiSuanCing.       2/32.CiinHoihKim.
                                         3/32.NgaiSianKim.                                                   3/32.PauSianThang.
                                          
5/28.HauNgul----------->1/29.OnLun+.
                                       2/9.CinKhuaNeng+.
                                       3/29.PhungSuan+                                                                 
                                      4/29.PumKhuaGin.-->1-|-30.NgulZaGin.(NahNuai Khua ah teeng)                          
                                      5/29.NiangZaNgai.                                                        
                                      6/29.EnZaSuan.+.                                                              

Hih Pu Nawk Vum suan leh khak te Tedim pan in 1870 kum in Tedim pan in lal khiat pi na ah Mual pi lam zuan pawl uh a hihi.Pu TualDam suan te sak lam na pai to suak uh a tu lai tak in Lamka ah teng uh hi.A lal toh lai tak un lam kal ah Pu Khual Cin  ci na gim lua a hih man in Salzang na bel hi.A dam ciangin Salzang pan in ManLun beh Pi TeelNuam tawh kiteng in Tonzang khua ah na teeng phei hi.

u). VANGTEH KHUA AH GUITE HAUSA A SEPNA.
CiimNuai khua ah Pu Guite haussa a sep lai tak in Vang Aw te leh NeihKhup te in Vangteh khua sat uh hi.(Tua mun pen tu hun-in Vangteh leh Dimpi kikal Khuaho mun teng hi.).Tua mun ah hausa dingin CiimNuai hausa pa kiangah a ngen uh hi.Pu CiangKhuah in a nau pa Pu Kul Gen a pai sak hi.Pu KulGen in Vangteh kici khuaho pan in ta a nei hi.A ta min ding CiimNuai hausa pa dong sak hi.CiimNuai hausa pa in “Nau min dong a hong pai na hih uh ciangin “GenDong na phuak un” ci-in vai khak a keel khat kai sak in a ciah sak hi.Kamtai pa a ciah ciangin Sialtaang lui tung a,a leitungah kia in a keel khau a khut ah khih kha a hih man in,a lei lang khat tuak ah kikhai-in a si hi.Kam tai pa a tun theih loh ciangin kan uh a,a sisa in a mu uh hi.A kan a pai te naumin dong dingin pai suak uh in,naumin a ki vai khakna uh a dong uh hi.

Pu KulGen pen Khuaho pan in tu laitak a Vangteh khua a ki suan hi.Tua mun pen a tung  mualpi vum khat nuai a khua ki sat a hih man in KhumNuai khua ci uh hi.Nidangin Kawl te tawh kikawm thei uh in Kawl te khat in a khua nawl lam a inn lam na ding leiteh a om khat kiangah hih khua bang khua hiam ci-in a dot ciangin bang sem na hiam ci-in a dong sa in,inn vang ka teh a cih ciangin a dong pa in hih khua Vang Ka Teh cin ciamteh hi.Mangkang te in Khamtung gam hong lak nop ciang un Kawl zang a te na dong in kawl zang a ten VangKaTeh in na ciamteh uh a hih man in Mangkang te hun a kipan VangTeh khua min a ngah kici hi.Hih VangTeh khua pen Zomi te a dingin tang thu lai gil om na khua khat a hihi.Ni dangin galmat sa mat ki dem hun a hih mah bangin Kawlte va sim in sal dingin na kai thei zel uh hi.Ni khat VangTeh pan in Kawl zang sim suk uh in Kawlte naupang khat man in a ciah pih uh hi. Kawl pa-in zong a ta pa tat na ding in Lawi sawm khawng kai in VangTeh khua ah pai hi.A khua nawl ah a lawi nga gam lak ah sel in khih a nga tawh a tapa tan dingin a pai hi.Galman pa in lawi nga bek a muh ciang in lung kim lo in a khut na pei hi.Kawl pa in zong bang zah bang deih na hiam  guk maw,sagih maw,ci a khut tawh lak  to in giak maw a cih ciangin a lung kim a hih man in a lawi sel te lak pan thum va kai kik in a ki gawm in lawi giat a pia hi.Tua ciangin a tapa a pia khia hi.Tua hun a kipan mihing luang khat man pen lawi giat in kiciamteh hi ci-in ki gen hi.

Pu GenDong suan le khak te sung pan pawl khat gam thak zong dingin sak lam zuan to uh in TuiMang khua sat uh hi.Hun khat ciangin a gam uh kicing non lo zel a hih man in pawl khat Bapi khua na tuan leuleu uh hi.Lono na gam hoih leihoih na zuan in beh khat phung khat ih hih hangin mun tuam gam tuam ah ki teng koikoi hi.

(v). VANGTEH PAN  TUIMANG KHUA SAT TE KHANG CIAPTEHNA.



Tonzang khua in Myo hong ngah ciangin nainganzi hang tawh a hi zongin,Kumpi nasep na hang tawh a hi zong in,Biakna hang tawh a hi zongin Guite  suan pawl khat  Tonzang ah ki tuah in a teeng pawl khat khang thu leh ki zop na hi bang a hihi.

(w) TUIMUI KHUA AH PU MANG ZA THANG.
Pu KamPum in Haiciin khua ah hausa a sep sungin a naupa,Pu MangZaThang hausa sem dingin Tuimui khua ah a puak hi.Tuimui khua ah Pu MangZaThang’ta suahtak ngah dong hausa sem in taangseu saliang mah siah a kai hi.

1903 kum a ki pat in  Pu MangZaThangin hausa sem hi.Mangkangte hong khan ciangin Guite gam sung teng a om thau khawm ding leh gal kilem na bawl dingin sawl a,a na sep zo a hih man in Zothau lawng khat a pia hi.
           
Tedim gam ah Zolai tawh lai bawl dingin Falam Mangpipa Lt.Col.D.B.Burnt in kikhop na bawl a,”lai deih lo teng kikhopna inn sung pan pai khia un”ci-in thu khen na a bawl hi.Ukpi;hausa te paikhia khin a Pu MangZaThang bek lai deih in a tu lai hi.D.B.Burnt in pakta-a,letsong Tuupi thau khat pia hi.

Khamtung gam ah Khristain thu hong tun ciangin deih mahmah in a thu a zui pah hi.Lai deih pa a hih mah bangin Khamtungah sang a om ma in a tapa ThawnHang,Savon khua leh Selam ah sang a kah sak hi.Japan gal sungin a mite makaih in galsim in kuan khia a hih man in minphatna Dangkapi leh Medal zong a ngah hi.1945 kum,Japan gal ven ciangin a tapa private sang tan 4 dong Tuimui khua ah sang phuan sak hi.1946 kum in Pu MangZaThang in hong nusia hi.

(x) TUIMUI KHUA AH PU THAWN HANG.
Pu ThawnHang pen a pa in SanVon leh Selam ah sang kah sak a,tan III dong a kah hi.1925 kum ciangin Tedim ah manglai a ki phuat ciangin tan IV dong a zo hi.1927 kum pan in sang sia sem hi.1946 kum,a pa a sih ciangin Mangkang kumpi in sang sia sep leh  hausa sep a ut zawk tel sak hi. Pu ThawnHang in pu leh pa gui zui-a hausa sep ding a ut zaw hi.

PU THAWN HANG FALAM AH THONG KIA.
Pu ThawnHang in Hausa a sep ciangin pu leh pa nek tangseu saliang siah pen 1937 kum a ki pan in Ukpi te in a suh khiat thu tung ah Zo;Thado;Guite kop khawm in lungkim loh na a lah uh leh Ukpi te in  thong ah khum uh hi.1947 kum ciangin,Kawlgam in suah tak na ngah nadingah mualtung miteng zong kihel ding hi,cih thu kim na ladingin England kumpi nu sawl tak Mount  Battan tawh Maymyo Enquiry Mission kikhop na ah kihel in,kawlgam tawh kipawl nading leh siah bei nading thukim na letmat a thuh hi.Hih siah neek pen Guite tung pan in Sukte in 1937 kum a ki pan a suh khiat a hihi.Tua hun ma inTuiMang;Tuimui;Selbungh; HaiCiin; SuangBem; TongCiin;PangMual khua te ah Guite hausa ciat in siah kai uh a hihi.

(z)Guite khang pan khang kizop na.



(1)Pa MangCinPau ciaptehna.

23.ThangGo.->1.|-24.MangPum.->1.|-25. SumMang.
                           2.|-24.BuanSing.    2. |-25.LunNgul.
                           3.|-24.HauhSim.      3.|-25.PauNgul.->1.|-26.KamPau.---->1. |-27.MangKam.
                           4|-24.TonSing.                                        2.|-26.NgulThang.   2. |-27.NgulPum.
                                                                                            3.|-26.MangTial.     3. |-27.TuangNgul.
1/27.MangKam.->1|-28.PauLian.-->1|-29.HauKhawLian.>1|-30.TualPum. ------->1|-31.GinThang.
                             2.|-28.NgulMang.                                      2|-30.PumDal.              2|-31LianKhanPau.                                     
                             3. |-28.HenThang.                                     3|-30.ThangKhuaHau. 3|-31.DalKhuaPau.                                 
                             4. |-28.ZaKai.                                            4|-30.KamZaCin.                                         
                             5. |-28 HangNing.
                             6.|-28.CiinNgul.(KamHau-Sukte)zi.
1/31.GinThang,->1.|-32.Ning khuaVung.
                            2. |-32.PumKhuaMang.&CingKhanVung----->1.|-33. ManKhuaLian.
                            3. |-32. DonKhua Hau.        (Thomte)                  2.|-33.VungKhenNiang
                                                                                                            3.|-33.ThangMunMang.
                                                                                                            4.|-33.PauLunMinThang.
                                                                                                            5.|-33.Vung DeihKim.
                                                                                                            6.|-33.DalSianMung.
                                                                                                            7.|-33.ThangSianKhai.
2/28.NgulMang.->1.|-29.KamThawn.->1.|-30.MangZaThang.->1.|-31.ThawnHang.
1/31.ThawnHang->1.|-32.MangCinPau.
                               2.|-32.LalCinKham----->1.|-33.HangLianMung.
                                   &NingSuanNiang.     2.|-33.HauLunCing.
                                       (Tungdim).             3.|-33.EnNuam Cing.
                                                                        4.|-33NiangMunZo.
                                                                        5.|-33.CingSanLian.
                                                                        6.|-33.PauLianTuang.
                                                                        7.|-33.LianMunKhai.
                                                                        8.|-33.SuanSianSang.
3/28.->1.HenThang.->1|-29.KhamVungh.->1.|-30.ThangKhuaKai.->|-31-VunghLian.
4/28.->Zakai.->1.|-29.LianTual.->1.|-30.LianVum.+
                          2.|-29.KamVum.  2.|-30.VumGin. ----------->1.|-31.TualZaCin.->1|-32.GinKhuaLian.
                                                       3.|-30.VumKhuaThang.    2.|-31.KhupTual.     2.|-32.LianZaKham
                                                       4.|-30.KaiZaCin.->1.|-31.GinKhuaThang-->1.|-32.CinSuanMang.
                                                       5.|-30.LianDai.      2.|-31.ThonZaCing.            2.|-32.NiangHauCi                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                      3.|-31.ZamKhuaCiin           3.|-32.CingSuanMuan.
                                                                                      4.|-31.ManZaNiang.            4.|-32.MangSianLian.
5/ 30.LianDai.-->1.|-31.TualKhanPau--->1.|-32.LianGoKham.                            5.|-32.PauLamCin
                             2.|-31.CingKhanMan.   2.|-32.CingKhanNiang.                         6.|-32.LianKhanSum.
                                                                     3.|-32.HauKhanCing.     32.GinKhuaLian->1.|-33.CinKhanKhup.
                                                                     4.|-32.NengKhanLian.                                     2.|-33.CingGoVung.
                                                                     5.|-32.PauSawmLian.                                      3.|-33.CiinManCing.
                                                                     6.|-32.NengKhanMang.                                   4.|-33.KhamKhanThang.
                                                                     7.|-32.DaiCinKhup.                                         5.|-33.PauKhanSing.
2/31.KhupTual.->1.|-32.GinKhuaTuan.->1.|-33.TualKhenMang.                                  6.|-33.NgaiKhuaCing.
                               2.|-32.NingZaNiang.      2.|-33.VungKhanMan.                                  7.|-33.KhamKhenTuang.
                                                                       3.|-33.NingNgaihLun.                                   8.|-33.ZamLemhThang.
                                                                       4.|-33.NiangSuanVung.                                 9.|-33.ThangKhanLangh.
                                                                       5.|-33.ZamSianNiang.                                 10.|-33.GinTungThang.
                                                                       6|-33.TualLamCing.
2/29.KamVum.->1/30.KhamThang.
                              2/30.KaiLian.
2/27.NgulPum.->1/28.KamHang.->1/29.PumZam.->1/30.DoLian.------>1/31.ZamKhuaKam.->1/32.BemKhuaMang.
                          2/28PauHau.                                  2/30.LalKhuaThang.  2/31.ThangKhuaMang.>1/32.ZamZaThang.
                          3/28.NgulKai.                                                                                                               2/32.NengKhuaHau.
                          4/28.Lian Ngul.
3/27.TuangNgul.->1.|-28.PauLul.>1.|-29.NgulThang.->1|-30.LulKam.->1.|-31.TuanKham.
                                                                                           2|-30.GoTuan.
2/26.NgulThang.>1.|-27.NgulLian.>1|-28,ThangThawng.>1,|-29.ThawngZaKham.>1.|-30.KaiGo.
3/26.MangTial.>1.|-27.KamPhung.>1|-28.TialPhung.>1.|-29.PhungTawn.>1.|-30.KamZaThang..
                                                                                            2.|-29.CinThawng.
2/29.CinThawng.>1.|-30.ThawnZaThang.>1.|-31.ThawngKhanKham.>1.|-32.ThangLamMung.
                                2.|-30.PhungZaNeng.      2.|-31NengKhanMang.
                                3.|-30.ThawngGin.
3/28.NgulKai.>1/29.PumZaCin.>1/30.KaiZaThang.>1/31.DaiKhuaThang.>1/32.ThangKhenPau.>1|33.ThangSianKhup.
                          2/29ThangLal.                                       2/31.PumZaThang.      2/32.PumDoMang.
                          3/29.NgulKam.                                                                             3/32.SongKhanSuan.
4/28.LianNgul>1.|-29.HauTual>1.|-30.VunghKhuaTuan.->1.|-31.KhamZakhup.
                                                       2.|-30.ThangZaGin.
                                                       3.|-30.LianSong..
                                                       4.|-30.KamSuan.
2/29.ThangLal.>1.|-30.PumZaLangh.->1.|-31.PumKhanMang.
                          2.|-30 Bo KaiZaDal      2.|-30.LalKhenKhup.
2/30.BoKaiZaDal.>1.|-31.CinKhenPau.>1.|-32.DalDoKam.
3/29.NgulKam.>1.|-30.KaiZaKham.--------->1.|-31.KamKhuaLian.
                            2.|-30.TuanPum.                  2.|-31.PumZaThang.
                            3.|-30.LalThahThang.         3.|-31.ThangKhuaTual.
2/30.TuanPum.>1.|-31.KamKhawThawng.>1.|-32.PumZaMung.
                          2.|-31.GoCinLian.
                          3.|-31.KhamKhuaLal.
28.NgulMang.>1.|-29.NgulPau.>1.|-30.MangGo.----->1.|-31.PauZaThang.>1.|-32.KhamZaGo.
                                                       2.|-30.PauCin.           2.|-31.LianDal.----------------------------->1.|-32.GoKhuaMang.
                                                       3.|-30.KamZam.                                                                         2.|-32.KhenKhuaPau.
                                                       4.|-30.MangCinLal.                                                                   3.|-32..CinDoMang.
2/30.LalKhuaThang.>1.|-31.ZaLian.----->1.|-32.ThangKhuaLian.                                             4.|-32.LalKhenKhup.
                                   2.|-31.LianZaThang.------->1.|-32.LianZaThang.->1.|-33.LianZaHau.
2/30.PumDal.>1.|-31.LianKhenThang..>1.||.32|-DalLianMung.
                                                                  2.| 32.MangKhenSing.
                                                                  3.|-32.KimEnMang.
4/30.KamZaCin.>1.|-31.ThangZaMung.

(2).Pa ThangZa lian ciaptehna.

19.GuiMang.-->|-20.SawmPau.->|-21.MangKham.>|-22.PauNgai.->|-23.KhamLuan.->|-24.LaiThawng.-->|- 25.ThangBik.-->1.|-26.Thangthiang.---->1.|-27.ThangZaLian.&LunKhanMan.->1.|-28.ThangKhanKhup.
  2.|-26.ZamKhuaPau.     2.|-27.NingThanCing.                               2.|-28.CingLunZam.
3.|-26.KaiZaLian.              3.|-27.KhamSiam.                                      3.|-28.VungSuanCing.
4.|-26.NemZaCing.           4.|-27.LalThanZam.                                    4.|-28.KamSianMuang.
                                           5.|-27.CingZaMawi.                                    5.|-28.SianMuanKim.
                                           6.|-27.NemNgaihLian.                                6.|- 28.ManSianVung.
                                           7.|-27.CingZaLawn.                                    7.|-28.SiamDeihLian.
                                           8.|-27.PauKhanMang.
                                           9.|-27.ThangSuan.
(3).Pa Khai Do Kham Ciapteh na.
15.MunSong.->|-16.SongNgaih.-->|-17.NgaihSel.-->|-18.NgaihLuan.-->|-19.MangKim.-->|-20.ZawnTawng.---->|-21.KimTuan.-->|-22.TawngZel.-->|-23.CinKhai.-->|-24.NgulKhai.-->|-25.KaiSong.
26.KaiSong.--->1.|-27.KhaiDoKham.&NengSuanCing.--->1.|-28.VungKhuaMan.
                          2.|-27.NgemKhuaNing.                                 2.|-28.ZamKhanDim.
                          3.|-27.CingKhuaLian.                                   3.|-28.SongKimMung.
                          4.|-27NangKhanDal.                                     4.|-28.TuanSuanLian.
                          5.|-27.ZenKhanCing.                                     5.|-28.CingLawhMang.
                          6.|-27.DimZaNing.                                         6.|-28.NiangKhawlZoKim.
                          7.|-27.ThangKhanMung.


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Agelh ~ Thang Khan Dal

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1 comments:

  1. Hih Tang khan Dal pen Guite beh mah ahi na ... lai at pa?

    ReplyDelete

Item Reviewed: GUITE MANG KHAN KHIATNA. Agelh ~ Thang Khan Dal Description: Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Cinpu Zomi
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