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Rev. Dr. Joseph Herbert Cope (1882 - 1938) Topa leh Zolai. Agelh ~ GSPau

 Rev. Dr. Joseph Herbert Cope (1882 - 1938) Topa leh  Zolai
Agelh ~ GSPau

 Rev. Dr. Joseph Herbert Cope leh azi Elizabeth Cope


1. Zomite' Lai Neih Masakna
Khangluite in "Zomite in nidang hun sawtpi lai pekin lai kinei ngei khin hi" ci-in gen uhhi. Tua lai pen savun tungah a kigelh hi a, Go Cin in tua savunlai nisa ah a pho leh ui-in na neksak hi. Tua a kipan Zomite in lai a kinei nawnlo hi ci-in gen uhhi.

2. Lim Kisuai Lai Zatna
Zomite' savunlai ui-in a neksak khit a kipan 1900 ciangdong Zomite lai neilo in na om uhhi. Suangpeek tung peuh leh singpeek tung peuhah lim suai-in, tua pen lai in na zangh uhhi. Mualsuang gelhna in na zangh phadeuh uhhi. Lai a kikhak uh ciangun suangbek tung, singbek tungah limsuai in tua tawh na kithuza uhhi.

3. Pau Cin Hau' Lai Zatna
Pu Pau Cin Hau in 1888-1902 sungteng pumpi damlo in a om sungin mangmu a, tua a mangmuhna sungah Pasian in laimal (1050) lak hi. Tua panin "Pau Cin Hau' lai" cih hong piangkhia hi. Laithak mukhia ahih manin ama' min "Laipianpa" na ci uhhi. Tua laimalte laidal tung leh suangpeek tungah gelhin, midangte hilhsawn ahih manin mitampi in na thei uh a, tawlkhat sung ding na kizangh hi. Sen laitawh kibangin a awsuah zui in laimal om hi a, mal 1050  pha-in, a bu in bu (6) na pha hi. Nidangin tua lai bek na kizangh a, Piantit pai hun lai bangin lai a kikhak uh teh Pau Cin Hau' lai tawh na kikhak uhhi. J.H. Cope mahmah in zong 1930 kum in Matthew Lai Siangtho sung a mualtung thuhilhna teng Pau Cin Hau' lai in na khen khia hi. Hih Pau Cin Hau' lai zong a manthan loh nadingin kep huai mahmah hi.

4. Kawllai Zatna
Sangmang A.E. Carson in Zogam ah na  hong sep ciangin lai lo tawh maa kitelh zolo ding cih mukhol a hih manin Kawllai hilh dingin Karen Siate pawlkhat hong tonpih hi. Sia San Win in 1900 kumin Hakha khua ah Kawllai sang khat na hong hi. Sia Po Ku in 1902 kum in Tedim ah Kawllai sang khat mah na hong a, sangnaupang ding mi a kingah zawhloh teh 1904 kum in khawl kik hi. Sia Shwe Zan in zong 1904 kum in Khuasak khua ah Kawllai sang khat mah na hong hi. Kum khat a cin ciangin Sihzangte in zumlai en theita uh, cih thu ukpipa Pu Hau Cin Khup in a zak ciangin ama' khua Tonzang ah zong Kawllai sang hon ding hong vaihawm a, Ukpipa Pu Hau Cin Khup' sapna tawh Sia Po Ku in 1905 kumin Tonzang ah Kawllai sang khat na hong leuleu hi. A kipat tungin sangnaupang 40 pha a, kum bei kuan ciangin 70 bang na phato hi. Kawllai a hilh kawmin Pasian' thu tawh zong na pantah kawm hi.  Tua hang mahin tua hun lai-in Zomite sungah Kawllai thei tampi leh Khristian pawlkhat na om a, tua hun lai –a kigelh mualsuangte bang Kawllai vive tawh na kigelh ahihna tuni dongin kimu thei lai hi.

5. Zolai Neihna
1910 kumin J.H. Cope Tedim hong tung a, hong tun khit a sawt lo-in Roman Alphabet ABC panin Zolai hong bawlsak hi. J.H. Cope hong tun ciangin Zolai a kinei pan ahi hi. 1913 kumin"Tual Laisintawmna bu" cih laibu khat hong bawlsak a, tua pen Zolai a kigelhcilna na hipah hi. 1914 kum in "Tedim Labu" a masapen hng bawlsak a, ama' sih 1938 kum dong 3 vei na bawl man hi. 1919 October kha in Zolai tawh laihawm masapen "Tedim Thukizakna Lai" hong hawmkhia a, J.H. Cope in editor sem hi. Tua laihawm sungah "Tedim mite laisim thei tampen ahih manin Tedim pau in kibawl hi", ci in na gelh hi. Tua bangin biakna sungah Lia Siangtho leh labute simtheih nadingin ABC laimalte zanghin hong hilh ciangin theihnop kisa mahmah aa mite lawp thei mahmah uhhi. Tua lai-in "Zolai" kici nailo-in "Mang Tuallai" kici phot hi. Manglaimal pen i Tuallai hong suak a cihnopna ahi hi.

J. H. Cope in Yangon zumpi ah Zogam sunga sangte ah Zolai sintheih nading phalna a nget leh na ngah takpi hi. 1924 kum ciangin Tanbul (Primary) sang khempeuh ah Zolai tawh sin sak ding kithukim hi. 1925 kum panin Zolai sang (Vernacular School) kihong a, tan khat pan tanli dong kisin hi. 1919 kumin Laisimbu khatna kikhen a, 1920 kum teh bu nihna, leh 1928 kum ciangin bu thumna leh bu lina cih bangin kikhen toto hi. 1926 kum in sangte ah sin dingin Zolai tawh leitung thu leh Gamthu (Geography) hong bawlsak a, 1927 kum leh 1931 kum teh tua laibute mah hong puahphat sak kik hi.
           
Biakna sunga zat dingin biakna laibu, Lai Siangtho bu, Labu cihte hong bawlsak banah sangah sin dingin Gamthu bu (Geography), Nate' thubu (Science) leh Ganan (Arithmetic) leh Laisimbu tuamtuamte zong hong bawlsak lai hi. J.H. Cope in kumpi' sawlna tawh Tedim, Falam, Hakha pau tawh a bawl laisimbu (35) pha , kumpi in zong "Kaisar I Hind" cih pahtawina pia hi. Zogam khanglam Mindat, Kanpetlet lamte' ading a bawlsan laitak in hong sihsan hi.
           
Zanggam a teeng i Zomipih Asho Zomite in J.H. Cope in Zolai hong bawlsakna thu a zak uh ciangin Magwe Menzipa kiangah "Ko zong Roman alphabet ABC laimal mah ka zattheih nadingun hong vaihawm sak in," ci in na ngen uhhi. tua ciangin Magwe Menzipa in, "Hih na sanggamte uh pen India leh Kawlgam kikal ah amau teng a lomteen uh ahih manin ahi ding mah hi. Ahi zongin no pen Zogam a teeng na u na naute uh tawh na kikawm nading uh haksa a, Kawlte' lakah a teeng nahih manun Kawllai mah zangh zaw le uh cin hoih zaw ding hi," ci-in na dawng kik ahih manin a lungkimlohna uh 1927 'Myammar Thaman' sungah hong suak ngei hi.

6. J.H. Cope in A Laigelhna ah Tedim Pau A Zatsena Thu
J.H.Cope Zogam hong tun ciangin Pu Pau Suan leh Pu Thuam Hang-te Khristian masa nahi uh ahih manin amau tawh na kithuah khawm pah a, Sihzang pau na sin pahin, a sawt lo-in na siampah hi. Zolai a gelh masakte zong Sihzang pau in na gelh hi. Laibu hong bawl taktak ding ciangin Tedim gam sunga pau nam tampi a omte sung pan bang pau zangh leng tangzai pen ding cihna lungngai kha hi. Tua ahih manin 1919 kum in"siahkaai hausa teng kaikhawm in Tedim khua paangpi nuai ah thu kikupna khat na bawl hi. Tua thu kikupna ah J.H. Cope in Hat Lian Bu (Jack The Giant Killer) kici Sihzang pau tawh a kigelh, laigelhloh dal 20 bang a pha ding laikhetna tawh a kikhen tangthu khat hong simkhia hi. Tua pen kuamah in tello ahih manin "Tua ahih leh bang pau –a bawl ding ihi hiam?' ci-in a dot ciangin a kihel hausate khempeuh in "Tedim pau mahin kibawl leh kitheikim pen ding hi" ci-in thukimna hong nei uhhi.
           
Tua hun a kipan Cope topa in Tedim kampau tawh thukizakna hong suakkhia sak a, biakna laite leh laisimbu a bawl khempeuh zong Tedim kampau vive tawh hong bawl ahi hi.

7. Zolai Neih Manin Hamphatnate
Zolai i neih manin hamphat ziate lungngai pha kik le'ng a masa penin sangmangpa J.H. Cope in Mikangte zat Roman Alphabet ABC panin Zolai hong bawlsak khak laizang pen ei nget leh ei kut zong hipeuhmah lo , mailam hun suapi a mukhol leh a geel khol Pasian mahmah in ei Zomite hong angvan ngiatna leh ei adingin a hoih penpen mah hong geelsak ahihna kimu thei hi. ABC laimalte i zat khak manin ei adingin laikhetna a tuam bawlkul nawn seselo hi. Mikangte ading a kibawl siktawlai, lainetna (Press) leh Computer cihte tawh Zolai deih bangin i khen ziahziah thei hi. Zolai zangh in e-mail tawh leimong dongah hun tomno sungin thu i kiza ziauziau thei lel hi. Zolai tawh zonet panin a kitawng nangwn ki-om ta hi. I Zolai pen leitung bup dongah kizangh thei hi. Tua ahih manin i Zolai neumuh kha peuhmah kei ni. Kawllai tawh hihte kizangh theilo ahih manin Kawlte bangin hong eng thei mahmah uhhi. Hih pen J.H Cope hangin i ngah hamphatna lianpi khat ahi hi. Sangmangpa J.H. Cope in tawm vei sung Pu Pau Cin Hau' lai na zangh man a, a zenzen in na zanghsuak bang hileh ei adingin siktawlai, lainetna, computer, leh e-mail cihte a kimanna omlo ding a, kizangh theilo ding hi.
           
A thu nihna ah ABC laimal i zatkhak manin Mikang lai leh Mikangpau tawh i kinai tuama, i maingap tuam pah hi. Mi namdangte sangin Mikang lai i kiva zaw deuhpah a, mikangpau zong siambaih zaw pahin mikang laa khawng zong saknuam i sa zawdeuh pah hi. Hun khat lai bangin Zomite Mikanglai siam ci-in hong kiciamteh ngei hi.
           
A thu thumna ah Pasian in Zolai thupha hong piakzia zong a lamdangpi khat mah ahi hi. Tuhun ciangin Topa' thupha tawh Zomi sungah laisiam tampi mah ki-omta aa, amaute in leitung bup a laibu hoih minthang tampite ei lai in hong letkhia uh ahih manin Mikanglai leh Kawllai a siam lo, Zolai bek a thei tampite in kiphattuam pih mahmah hi. Tua tham lo-in tuhun ciangin Zolai tawh a kisin Lai Siangtho sang khawng zong hong omta aa, hih zong Pasian' thupha taktak ahi hi. Bang hang hiam cih leh Lai Siangtho sang a kah Zomi tampite in a thu kibuaipih lo in a Mikanglai vive kibuipih za hi. Pawlkhat bangin pum lotngah pong lel uh a, ahi zongin a thu tel khollo lel uhhi. Tu in Zolai tawh kisin ta ahih manin a thu lah tel in, zong kizangh thei pah lai hi. Hih zong J.H. Cope hangin i ngah hamphatna lianpi khat mah ahi hi.
           
A thu lina ah Pasian' nasepna ah lai lo tawh maa kitelh theilo a zong gahsuah zo taktak lo hi. Zolai i neih khak manin Zogam sungah Khristian khang tuam a, pawlpi zong thahat tuam hi. Zolai in i khamit hong honsak, hong pilsak, i khuamuhna hong tangzaisak, i upna hong khosak hi.

8. I Zolai Kepsiam Ni
            Topa Pasian in J.H Cope tungtawn in hong piak i Zolai i kepsiam mahmah ding kisam hi. Kepsiam ding i cih ciangin koihcing ding cihna hilo a, a manthanloh nadingin zanghzangh ding cihna ahi hi. Kum 2000 pawl a kipanin kumpi in Zogam sung sangte ah Zolai hong sinsak nawnlo mah ahih manin khangthakte in Zolai kithei nawnlo tamawk a, dahhuai mahmah hi. Zomi hi napi Zolai theilo cihbang pianglo hi. Zomi ihih nak leh Zolai i theihkul hi. I Theih nadingin i sin kul hi. Sangte ah lah kisin nawnlo tamawk ahih manin biakna lampan hanciamin Zolai sinna neihzelzel ding kisam theikha ding hi.

Source :
(Cope 98 Celebration, Nov.1, 2008 ni-in Nitak kikkhopna sungah GSPau in a simkhiat laipi ahi hi.)


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Item Reviewed: Rev. Dr. Joseph Herbert Cope (1882 - 1938) Topa leh Zolai. Agelh ~ GSPau Description: Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Cinpu Zomi
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