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Zo Re-unification Organization. ZoRO President Pu Thang Mawia

Zo Re-unification Organization



ZoRO President Pu Thang Mawia

Political Background : Before the British Colonisation, the ZO race remained undistrubed and enjoy her Fundamental freemdom and no foreigner dominated the ZO country and the ZO inhabitants therein. But after the British Coloniser ruled over India for a hundred years and Burma for fifty years; they also started invading the ZO country from different corners and atlast, the Britsh also subjugated the ZO people and devided the country with the people living therein into three different segments. Eastern ZO country was kept under Burmese Administration, Western ZO country under Bengal and central and northern parts under Assam, in 1890.

The British, seeing the wrongs that had been done to the ZO people, resolved to put the ZO devided race together again, in their historic Chin-Lushai (ZO) conference held at Ford William Calcutta on 29th January, 1892.

Though the resolution of Chin-Lushai Conference is still kept pending till today, the aspiration of ZO people towards reunification of her people and the country in which they live in, still remains. All Politiccal Parties born after the British had withdrawn, aim at reunification of her people and the country, rectifying the past errors that had been done to the ZO race. But when all these political parties movement could not bear a fruitfull result so far, FIRST WORLD ZO REUNIFICATION CONVENTION held at Champhai on 20th May 1988 resoved to form a  political forum to reunify the ZO RACE persuant to the resolution of Chin-Lushai Conference, Calcutta, 1892. The Convention is envisaging the reunification of her devided people under one administrative head emancipating to the rebirth of ZO RACE which have been supressed for over a century under majority control.

Formation of Zo Re-unification Organization
The first World Zo Convention, 20th May, 1988 decided to form ‘ ZO REUNIFICATION ORGANISATION’(ZORO) covering all Parties, Organisations, Associa-tions and individuals, within the ZO country and the ZO people belonging to the ZO race. The ZORO has elected body in the Gen. Headquarters headed by Chairman who give appointments to Coordinators, Secretary Generals/ General Secretaries, Secretaries, Organisers and other Officials, to excute the ZORO programmes.

The first World Zo  Convention also created three political administrave Zones in the ZO Country, those are: Northern Zone, Central Zone and Southern Zone; headed by Zonal Chairman, which Status equivalent to the National Vice Chairman at the General Headquarters, who would give appointment to the Secretaries at the Zones.
  1. The Northern Zone covers Cachar Hills(Assam), Southern Manipur Hills, Northern Chin Hills upto upper Chindwin.
  2. The Central Zone covers: Eastren Hills of Tripura, Mizo Hills (Present Mizoram) Central Chin Hills and Sagaing Divisions, upto Chindwin.
  3. The Southern Zone covers: Chittagong Hill Tracts, Southern Mizoram, Southern Chin Hills, Arakan Yoma(Hills) upto(plain Chin inhabited areas) plain of Irrawady river.

The political administrative Zones are divided into five to seven divisions, which are again sub-divided into constituency and Blocks containing towns and villages. The Divisions are headed by Divisional Chairman, and Blocks are headed by Block Chairman, while town and Villages are headed by Leaders.

Thus the ZO Country, which the British called ‘Chin-Lushai Country” and the inhabitants of ZO Race are intended to be organising. The Work have been completed upto Zonal level Organisation. Divisional level have now been in the processing. Annual Convention at the Annivarsary of Chin-Lushai Conference have been used to Organise on 29th January , every year and awareness have been increasing. Publication of Journals, magazine and booklets have been continuing.

Objectives of the ZO Re-unification Organisation
  • To reunify the devided ZO race, which was done so under the British Colonisation
  • to regain the ZO National identity
  • to rectify the post errors of divisions of the ZO country
  • to restore the Fundamental Freedom of ZO RACE emancipating to the re-birth of ZO Nationhood and thereby
  • to strive for self-determination of Zo race

Zo Re-unification OrganizationZORO – General Head Quaters
Chairman : R. Thangmawia Vice. Chairman : Dr. H. Thanglawra Treasurer : Zalianchhunga Gen. Secretaries T. Nehkhojang : Lamka, NCC Manipur R.W. Rozathang : Falam. Southern Chin Hills T. Lalsangliana : Aizawl, MIzoram Secretaries Lalmuanpuia Punte Lalvenhima Hmar Miss. Lalthanmawii Laltawna Thatsavunga Coordinators Dr.Vum Son : Western Counties H. Zosiamliana : Eastern Counties E/C Member : 12 persons Advisers : 4 persons Consultants : 2 persons Invitees(Special) : 3 personsZonal Chairmans Northern : Gengokhup, Lamka, Manipur Central : Lawmthanga Colney, Aizawl, Mizoram Southern : Laldova,  Rangamati, Chittagong

zomi reunification organization (zro)
Formation
The Mizo Accord signed in 1986 was both historic and euphoric for the Zomi because it gave birth to the only democratic Zo state in the world. However, the same Accord also told of the incompleteness of the Zomi Re-unification process. The Zomi outside the erstwhile Lushai Hills (now Mizoram) felt left out as their ultimate political goal of “unification and integrity” had been sacrificed at the altar of a limited state for a limited Zomi of a limited area.

In order to fill the vacuum created by the Accord, the Zomi National Congress of Manipur under the leadership of Pu T Gougin, and the People’s Convention of Mizoram under Brig T Sailo, jointly organised the First World Zomi Convention. This most emotional of Zomi gathering so far, was held at Champhai from May 19-21, 1988 and was attended by representatives from all Zomi inhabited areas of the world. The delegates resolved to form a loose political forum called the “Zomi Re-Unification Organisation” (the name ‘Zomi’ was subsequently replaced with ‘Zo’ omitting ‘mi’, in 1991, thus ZORO). The organisation rekindled hopes to the Zomi Nationalists who had been crying to integrate with their brethren living on the other side of the existing international boundaries. However, the organisation gradually lost its mass appeal once the constituent party, ZNC and PC, fought State Elections in Manipur and Mizoram respectively. This was against the Charter of Agreement, 1988 and led to another vacuum in the process of Zomi Re-unification.

Meanwhile, the Zomi in Burma suffered innumerable hardships in the hands of the Military Junta. The Zomi outside Mizoram state also suffered hardships of varying degree and in different forms. Their culture, language and religion were in danger of being assimilated into the dominant society, and their very existence as a distinct nation was under grave danger of extinction. Awareness of the danger of their position and the inevitability of their eventual demise—unless they are united—has greatly increased. Compelled by the dangers, the Zomi leaders of India and Burma organised a series of wide ranging consultative meetings, eventually leading to the formation of an all encompassing forum for re-unification. Thus, the Zomi Re-unification Organisation (ZRO) was formed in April 1993 at Phapian (Kachin State), Burma with the blessing of Zomi Church leaders, tribe leaders, and Zomi nationalists, both from India and Burma to carry forward the integration movement until an honourable and respectable solution is reached. Pu K Guite, a Zomi leader from Karbi Anglong (Mikir Hills of Assam), is the founder President of the organisation.

It may be noted here that the resurgent ZORO under the leadership of Pu R Thangmawia and Pu ST Parte strived to internationalise the Zomi cause, knocking at the doors of United Nations and its agencies for re-unification of Zo people. The ZORO and ZRO have, except in approaches and strategy, no difference in its basic objectives of unification and integration. The ‘Zo People’ of ZORO is synonymous with ZOMI (Zo + Mi = Zo + People) of ZRO in its meaning and content. The unification objectives of both the organisations will not be achieved if the international bodies do not understand and accept the fact that the Zo people are a distinct people. It will also be a distant dream if the Zomi do not organise themselves into a respectable forum to champion their just and right and humane cause. The nitty-gritty of unification needs to be worked out at all levels — local, national and international levels.

Today the mission for re-unification is echoing from every nook and corner of Zomi inhabited areas (Zogam/Zoram/Zoland), as a modern singer strikes a sentimental chord:

“In suih khawm leh zai i rel ang û!”(Free translation: ‘Lets strive for reunification in unison!”)                                                                – Ms Daduhi

The ZRO’s appeal to all Zo descendants to ‘join hands and heads for re-unification of the already divided Zomi,’ received an overwhelming response from Zomi tribes and sub-tribes. Renewed effort to forget and forsake the spirit of narrow communalism and clanism, our most dreadful disease that obstructs the way to unification has begun in real earnest.

On September 2, 1995 the President and Secretary of Paite National Council (now Paite Tribe Council), Simte Tribe Council, Tedim-Chin Union, and Vaiphei National Organisation signed a ‘Charter of Agreement’ and agreed to struggle for re-unification of the Zomi under the banner of ZRO. In keeping with the age-old practice of the Zomi, the customary dish of “Oath of Loyalty”—

Sathin (Sasin) Salung (Heart-liver) – was partaken of by the leaders. In 2003, the apex organisation of Zou-te tribes, United Zoumi Organisation and the Mate Tribes Council also pledged their support for unification movement. The other cognate tribes who still use imposed names but accept that they are Zo descendants, also extend their support, and resulted in the formation of a loose forum called Indigenous People’s Revolutionary Alliance (IPRA) on May 9, 2000.


Source :

Zomi e-Library pan ngetna

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