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TEDIM GAM THU, A TUAMTUAM. ~ Tawmging beh khang tangthu -1973 pan...

TEDIM GAM THU, A TUAMTUAM
~ Tawmging beh khang tangthu -1973 pan...
Myoma Veng, Tedim Chin State.
Photo credit : Thaw Thawn

A sunga om Thute :
MEITEI GAL THU
KISIM NUNUNG
TEDIM PAWL
ZOTHAU NEIH NAA
MEITEI TE PAU SIAT
MANGKANG KUMPITE KHAN
TONZANG KHUA KI UKNA
TEDIM PAU LE TEDIM NGEI NA
KAM HAU UPADI
KAWLLAI SANG PIANCILNA
ZOMI PALIK KIPAT NA
TEDIM GAM A ZATO OM CILNA
PIANTIT GAM COOLY KUAN NA
JAPAN GAL THU
Tedim levy pianna
Kawlgam Paltante, India gam pai na
Mangkangte Kawlgam lut kikna.
Tedim mi, 1945 dong galkap sunga minphat-na ngah aki thei lai teng.
Lusuang gal thu
Tonzang khua Japan galpi

************************************************************

MEITEI GAL THU
Tedim khua a ukpi Pu, Kam Hau a khan lai-in, Falam, Dallang tawh kipawl a hih man in, a pilna, a hanna le a uksiam naa, a hauhna kithang mahmah hi. Khamtung mi veve, tua zahta-a, a min a than ciang-in, Meitei gam ukpi, Leengpa, a kici, Leeng mangpa‟n haza in, 1834 a kipan Tedim gam ongsim den hi cin, kumpi zum lai sung ah om hi cin ciamtehna om hi.

KISIM NUNUNG
1857 kum ciangin, Maha Raja Nilsein, makai in, a gam mi galkap, mi 3000 tawh, Tedim gam sim dingin, SUKNUK (Sugnu) lampan, Pu Kam Hau' theih kholh lohpin ong kuan uh a, “MUANHENG zangah, Camp ong bawl uh hi. Tua lai pan Advance HQ bawlin, Suangkaang mual dungah, panmun bawl in a nuai a bangin kam zuau ong pai sak hi.

(l) Kam Hau pawl in ong kap leh, a thau kuang sungah tui phul ding.
(2) Phim le khau leeng sak dinga' ,a mit uh kikhui ding.
(3) Naang khau lom leeng dinga, a khut uh ki lehhen ding ci sak hi.

TEDIM PAWL
Tedim pawl in zong, Lailui khua khung mual le leitawhtan kikal,mual dung tengah, taakpang sat kawi kawi in, khua mial cianga, a hal uh leh, tua meikuang ziazua,a muh ciangun,mihing tam mahmah ding hi cin, Meiteite lungkia pian pah uh hi.

Tua banga, ni sagih sung, a kigal toto khit ciangun, Meitei galkap mang lian penpa, Suangsuang tung a san‟na pen ah, kahin, a gal sim nang khuadak kawikawi hi. Tua laitak-in, PU ZA TUAL in, thau a suak thei peuh mah hiam? ci- a,a sin naa in, ngimngim a, a kap leh a gawlgui kha a, Beeltang lui sungah kiasuk-in, si pah a, la-hi bang na phuak hi.

(a) Pau kisa a, sak ciang teimei, keimah bang hang, phuk ing e.
(b) Keimah bang hang, phuk ing aw e, gun lui-ah, naang bang diang e.

Tua banga, thau a suah theih ciangin, Tedim pawl in Meiteite pen, vok delhin, delh uha, a giah phual gei Tuithaulii, gun sungah nawh khia gawp uh hi. Meiteite pen, tui peek thei teng leh, a mangpipa ii Bodyguard tawh mihing tul thum sungpan, tul khat suakta bek hi kici hi.

ZOTHAU NEIH NAA
Tedim gama, zothau tam ki pat naa pen, Meitei gal a kizawh ciangin, zothau pen, gun sunga kimu tawh, gun gei a kimu tawh, singheng, suanghenga, kisel kimu tawh, a kigawm cianga tampan hi kici hi.

Meitei gal taite lau saansaan na thu khat-ah, Tedim gam pan a, silah nungta-a, ataai ciangun, gam sunga, vaka hamte in “Taktapa” cih bang pian-a, a ham ciang leh, tunpi leikua tuak kha a, a deh gawp ciangun, Kam Hau ten, ah ai uh, ong khah hi cin lau saansaan uh hi.

Tua khit a kipan, Meitei mi khempeuh in, Tedim mi, Kam hau mipen, ong zahtak bawl den uha, a tate in, a dot ciangin, Kamhau mi ih cih pen, hi bang hi cin, Falam zasante a kam sungah baak uh hi kici hi.


MEITEI TE PAU SIAT
Meitei gal kap ten, Tedim khua ih sim zawh ciangin a saiha teng le, a zii, kua pen in tang ding ih hiam ci-in kituh khawl ni loh hi cih thu, a nuai a bangin, Pi Ciin Ngul in, la na-phuah hi.

1. (a) Zang vui sai le, lia ka sak duang, do tan sa, bang hawm khawm e;
(b) Na awi nam aw, zin aw e, gual aw e, na awi nam aw.

2. (a) Khua minthang beel, bang suan ding do lun mang zong, dawh ai tawh kop sun ni bang, a sa ci e;
(b) Dawh ai tawh kop, sun ni bang a sa ci e, zin in awi lo, khua khang phai, bin sem ve e.

3. (a) Sun ni dong hon, khua van nuai, mi za siam in, seino gual in, tawi thang hawm, taan ding ci e.
(b) Ih tawi thangno, damtui a, aluan sangin, vaimang na lam, nuai sil kia, bang tom hang e.

MANGKANG KUMPITE KHAN
1887 kum a kipan in, mangkangten, kawlgam sung teng a lak khit ciangin, galkap mang RAIKES a cih makai in khamtung gam sim nuam in, kawlpi pan ong kipan hi. Tua hun a, khamtunga, gual zo pen, Falam Pu Tson Bik sam sak hi.

Tson Bik kiangah, khamtung gam, AIJAL khua pai nuam ka hih ciangin, na gam sungah, ka pai thei ding hiam cin dong hi. Tson Bik in, khaktan ngam lo ahih manin, 1888 kum a kipan, khamtung kah dingin ong kipan uh hi. A hih hangin, khamtung mi ten zong, a hat zah uh sit lo a, Tul suk, phat zang, leisan mual donga, a khaktan ciangun, kum thum sung kinanga ,ong kah zo pak samlo uh hi.

1889/90 Kum ciangin ih thau, ih tem zat kibang lo, ahih manin, kinang zo nawnlo-a, Sihzang gam Vangteh khua le Saizang khua ong nawk-in, Tedim khua ong tung in, ong teengcip pah uh hi. Tedim khua pan, Falam Tson Bik kam khak na le, mangkangte zia, kithei khin ahih manin nakpi-a, kikapna om nawnlo hi.

1890 Kum ciangin,Tedim Vuandok masa pen, Mr. Carey le, Tedim gam hausa liantengin, a nuai a bangin, gal kilemna, kamciamna na bawl uh hi. Sial go uha, asi lak-ah, sial mei diah in “Tu lang khat siah gal le sa in kinei nawnlo ding hi hang. Gal lel sa lel ih om leh kihuh ding hi hang”, a ciampel zaw sial si luan bang in, asi luang ta hen”, ci-in, sialmei in, kivat uh hi, ki ci hi.

TONZANG KHUA KI UKNA
1-2-1891 Ni ciangin zingsang khuavak ma nai 4 AM hun in Tonzang khua, theih kholh lohpin, mangkang gal kap mang Major Lundhall makai-in, um cih a, a nuai a bang teng ngen hi.
(1)Kam Hau gam ukpi ding Pu Hau Chin Khup, a deih na
(2)Tonzang ten, galsim thei a,a gal matte uh nget kik na.

A tunga, a ngetna mah bangin, Pu Hau Chin Khup le upate pawl khat, Tonzang pan, Tedim, Thangpite, nawk in, Rangoon dongah paipih hi. A gal matte pen, Tonzang pan ciah pih in, a khua lam ciat ah, ciah sak hi.

Pu Hau Chin Khup pen, Rangoon khua ah, kha (6) khawng tamsakin, mangkang kumpite, pilna, siamna le, a galkapte, galvan teng, a lah khit ngingei ciangin, Kamhau gam sung ukpi zaa pia in, khamtungah ong ciah sak-a, a nuai a bang la zong ki phuak hi.

(a) Van sin nuai a , do lun mangten, ka min anglai a sia e;
(b) Ang a siatsa, lun no hing e, ka siang haibang, ngak ing e.

TEDIM PAU LE TEDIM NGEI NA
Tedim khua a, Pu Kam Hau in ukpi na sem a , a pilna, a siamna le, a hanna, vaihawm siamna pen, kithang mahmah ahih man in, a sim a mal pan, Guite , Zo , Thahdo, Vaiphei in na bel , inn 300 dong na pha ngei uh hi. Tua lai huna, Tedim khua a , a teeng khawm, mi nam kimte pau kigawm pen, tu hun ciangin Tedim pau kici kici hi. Tua lai huna, sihna, nopna a, zu hawm dan, sa-hawm dan, le lasak dan, te pen, Tedim ngeina kici a, tu tu hun dongin, Tedim kam pau mi ten, a ten na khua ciat ah, na zui uh hi.


KAM HAU UPADI
A tunga kigensa mah banga, Tedim khua a mi nam kim a ten khawm hun laitakin, Hausa upa teng vaihawm in, thusia a pian le tua ci khen ni, thu pha a pian le tua ci gen ni ci-a, a nam nam a, a bawl kholh na pen, tu hun dongin Kam Hau ngeina, Kam Hau Upadi ci-in, Tedim gamah kizang lai hi.

KAWLLAI SANG PIANCILNA
1904 Kum in, ABM pawl pi mangte vaihawm in, Khuasak le Tonzang ah, Kawllai sang om masa pen hi. Tua hun lai in a siate un, Kawilai hilh lo Pasian thu gen na thuah khawm uh hi.

ZOMI PALIK KIPAT NA
1906 Kum in, Tedim khua ah, zomi palik 50 ki phuan a, tua lai-ah, Khuasak Bo Mang Pum le Tonzang khua, Pa Suan Pumte, makai uh hi. Tuate pen 1910 kum ciangin, Military galkap suak-in, Falam ah mivomte tawh kigawm uh hi.

TEDIM GAM A ZATO OM CILNA
1890 Kum mangkangte Tedim khua-ah ong teng pah a, galkap zato, sikkhauto le vuandok zumte ong koih pah uh.1909 kum in Tonzang ah civil zato kikoih a, 1924 kum ciangin Tedim khuangzang mun ah kituah hi.

PIANTIT GAM COOLY KUAN NA
1917 Kum in, leitung galpi masa a kici mang mikangte leh Germanyte, kisim naah, galsung nasep huh dingin, mangkang kumpiten, huhna ong ngen uh hi. Tedim gam sung pan, sukte le sihzang kigawm, mihing 500, Kam Hau uk sungah 500, a vekpi gawm, l000 kipai hi.

Tua mihing tul khat pen pawl nih kisuah a, nambat 61 le 62 in ki khen hi. Tua Piantit Cooly sunga, mangkang makaite Captain Fauler, Capt Lundal, Mr Okh, Mr Caldon le Mr Wieflie te ahihi. Nambat 61 sunga zomi makai te pen, Bo Mang Pum,U Pau Za Cin,U Chin Mang, Ngin Vum, U Vial Zen, U Hau Za Nang, U Hang Kho Chin le U Chau Kamte ki thei lai a, a dangte ahun sau vei a hih manin kithei zo nawnlo hi.

Nambat 62 sunga, Zomi makaite pen, U Do Chin Lian, U Khup Za Dal, U Thawng Za Kai, U Song Theu, U Khat Kam le U Thuam Pau te ban-ah,U Kam Za Mang, U P a u Chin Lian, U Lian Za Kham, U Vung Za Kham, U Pau Za Gin,U Kham Khen Pau, U Pau Za Thang le U Kim Vungte, ban-ah, mi 30, ukte pen, kithei kim zo nawnlo hi.

Piantit paite khasum pen, a lianpen, 100/- sang, 75/- sang, 50/- sang, 30/-sang pawl li in kikhen a, Cooly nautangten, 20/- sang hi. Misite luang man pen, kumpiten 300/- pia hi.

Piantit gamah, Camp om na pen, thumvei ki-khel hi. A masa pen in, BISCOUT kitunga, tua lai pan, gal kikapna phual, a nai na pen tai 25, kihal bek hi, a kicih mah bangin, gal kikapna, thaupi gingte kiza den hi. Khuamial ciangin khuaphelep taangin, a kizom den in,tang zuaizuai den kimu hi.

Tua lai Camp panin, kinung kin-a, Brazi Camp a cihna mun kitungin, sauveipi mah kitam hi. Tua lai mun pen, Piantit Cooly pai khempeuh, kigawmna Camp hia, mangkangmi, sen, mi vom, negro, galleeng, tangkun, kawl, cih bangin, pawl (78) ki gawm na mun a hihi.

Piantit gam a, khuadam na thu pen, genteh na ding kithei vet lo hi. Khedap sungah samul puan nam khat kiphah hi. Mawza thuap nih, pheituam thuap thum, puannaak thuam li, khuttuam, ngawngvial, lukhu thuap khat le nih, kisilh napin kiliing lai hi.

Zan khuavak a, vuuk namkhat a zu den pen, zingsang ciangin, bikhatuite pen, cimbeng bangin, pi khat pi nih, ding kaai hilhhelh a , tui tawi kul lo-in, tuate pen, maiphiat nang, tuilam dingin, kila pahpah hi. Khuavak ciangin kongvangte pen, vuuk in khak tan ahih manin, tupeek tawh tokhia a, kihong zel hi.

Piantit gam a, Tedim mite nasep hahkatna, manglianten a muh ciangin, London kumpi pan a zak ciangin a mi mu nuam ing cin, ongsam a, a-nuai a teng va pai hi. Capt Fauler, Bu Mang Pum, Vial Zen, Thawng Za Kai, Song Theu, Kam Za Mang, Vung Za Kham, Hau Za Nang, Thiau Kam, Thuam Pau.

Kumpi pa in leimong pan a gal huh dinga nong pai uh mangkang kumpite taangthu a bei mateng ka mangngilh kei ding uh hi, na ci lian bek hi.

Piantit gam a, kum khat val a kitaam khit ciangin, paltan tum suak pah ding cin, Barazi Camp pan-Loan khua-ah, nambat 62 Kamhau pawl kipai hi. Ni khat ni ciangin Barazi Camp lui a om lai nambat 61 te pawl pen, Germanyten, Bombs a khiat gawp ciangin, inn lamah na ciah suak thei pah uh hi.

Tua thute a kizak ciangin, Kamhau pawlzong paltan tum nuam nawnlo in, a kibawl gawp ciangin, makai pi pa, Captain Fauler pen heh mahmah a, plantit pai teng noptuam nang bangmah bawl nawnlo in, a nuai a tengin, ngun nam khat ciat ngah bek hi.

            (1) U Thawng Za Kai
(2) U Song Theu
(3) U Maung Pan.

1917-a, Piantit Cooly kuan na pen, khamtung mi ten, kumpina asep, kipatna, khual gamla a zinkhiat, a ki patna, ahih manin, a paite pen, asi ding mahmah in ki-ngaihsun a, tua huna, dahna pen, tu hun dongin, ki mangngilh theilo hi. Piantit paite la phuah a nuai a bang in kiciamteh hi.

1. (a) Ong kithang ven, vaimang na khan, ciau tui len, naak ong khon e;
(b) Tongluan siam a, thang khem sang e, ka teh pih ding bei tah e.

2. (a) Pian tui a gam, lei aw e, sial za tam, tuang a tun na;
(b) Sial zatam pian, tui ngak hen aw, ih sau lam, zong ta ni e.

ZOMI P ALTAN TUM KIPAT NA 1921 Kum ciangin, Mangkangten, Piantit gam a zomite, nasep hahkatna mangngilh lo-in, Tedim, Falam, Ha-ka ah, Paltan thak Company khat ciat ong phuan a, Maymyo ah 4/70 Chin Rifle kisuak hi. Kanpetlet te pen, paltan sungah na tum masa hi.Tedim mi sung pan in,
(1)  U Thawng Za Kai
(2)  U Tun Khaw Lian
(3)  U Kim Vung
(4)  U Pau Za Gin
(5)  U Kham Khual le
(6)  U Gin Lam te makai uh hi.

JAPAN GAL THU
1941 December kha sungin Japan galpi kawl gam sung, a nuai a mun tengah, hong tung masa hi.
(1) Meite
(2) Tavoy
(3) Moulmein
(4) Phapong. Rangoon khuapi ah 23.12.41 nin a masa pen Bomb ong khiat a, nin, Bomber 60, le Fighter 30, ong pai na sungah, vanleeng 11, kikap khia hi. Mihing tul nih si-a, zanga liam hi. 25/12/41 nin Bomber 80, le Fighter 20, ong pai leuleu a, Bomber 7, le Fighter 14, kikap khia hi, cin kiciamteh hi. Japan galkapte pen, Bo Chuk Aungsante pawl tawh ki kop a hih manin, hat mahmah a, Mangkangten, a cih nanguh a theih nawn loh ciangin, Kawlgam sunga Kumpi galkap khempeuh 20 May 42 a kipan a nung kin nangun thu piata hi. Tua bang a aki nung kin ciangin apawl ciatin zan khua mial ciangin, ki pai a, sun ciangin ki tawl nga hi.

Imphal khua a ki tun ciangin, C-in-C galkap mangpipan, Chin le Kachin teng Levy nasem dingin, a gam ciat ah ciah sak a, Karen le Indian miteng, Hoshiarpure le Deradon khua ah tawlnga sak hi.

Tedim levy pianna
1942 April kha a kipan Kawlgam sunga Japan te hat dan a theih ciangin, Vuandok N+W+Kelly O.B.E, in Tedim gam sungah Levy nam nih in ong phuan hi. A Levy ten, thau tawi-in gal vil a, B Levy ten, a kisam dang teng sem hi.

            Levy sunga, zothau ki zat dan pen, zothau nei a, Levy sunga, a tumlo ten, a thau uh, Vuandok zumah, ap a, tangval thau nei lo, a Levy a sem nuamten, tua thau kiapte zanga, Vuandok Mangpi te thu kim na tawh tang den pah hi.

Kawlgam Paltante, India gam pai na
1944 March kha sunga, Japan galkapte, Kham tung gam ah, apel lo-a, ong tung ding hi cih, atheih ciang in, a sim thamin gam sunga paltan te, galvil a om kim lai khawmin, a ci dam a dam lo peuh kiteel na khat ong bawlin nam nihin ong khen dingin ki thawi uhhi. Tua pawl nih ki suah pen, a ki ut loh ciangin avekpi-in, India gamah na sep sin ding cin puak hi.

Tua thu a nung theih ciangin, Mangkang te thu sau ngimna hi-a, Japante Khamtung gam hong tung leh, Paltan ten azi & ta, nu le pate, agam uh nusia a, ong zui lo ding tham lo-in, Japan tawh kop kha ding cih a ngim na uh a hih lam ki nung theih hi.

Mangkangte Kawlgam lut kikna.
1945 kum ciangin, Mangkang kumpi te, Kawlgamah ong lut kik ciangin, Holding Enguary pawl (18) in phuan a tua te in galkap lui khempeuh thu sit naa bawlin a cidam lal, angap lai teng 1 Chin, 2 Chin, 3 Chin, cin Battalian thum in ong khen hi. Tua hunin, Falam, Haka pawl, 1 Chin, Tedim pawl, 2 Chin, Chin Hills Battalian pawl, 3 Chin ah tam zaw deuh hi.

Tedim mi, 1945 dong galkap sunga minphat-na ngah aki thei lai teng.
1. Lt.Col. Suan Do. BGM, MBE.
2. Lt. Col. Put Pa, BGM.
3. Hony Capt. Pau Chin, KSM, TDM, OB.
4. Hony Capt. Ngin Zam, BGM, OB,
5. Capt.Mang Tung Nung, Sword of honour.
6. Hony Capt. Pau Za Gin, Sword of honour,OB
7. Sub. Khup Za Neng, BGM.
8. Sub Hang Khual, BGM.
9. Sub Chin Thang, BGM.
10.Vuandok Gin Za Chin, BGM.
11.Capt. Lam Kho Thang, MBE.
12.Sub. Thang Za Kai, MBE.
13.Lfn. Mang Do Khup, BGM.
Lusuang gal thu
1917 kum a , Mangkangten, Piantit pai dinga, Khamtung mi ong cial ciangin, ukpua lam Lusuang pawlkhat in, pai nuam lo-in na do uh hi.

1919 kum ciangin, Mangkang ten zong a cih nang uh theilo in, Kam Hau gam ukpipa, Pu Hau Cin Khup makai sak a , papi Levy 100, ki phuanin, khal khat sungin ki lem zo hi. Tua sunga makai te,
(1) U Dim Kam.
(2) U Tual Kho Thang
(3) D Pau Za Chin
(4) U Song Theu
(5) U Pau Za Thang
(6) U Kam Za Mang,
(7) U Lian Za Kham.

Lusuang gal sunga, makaipi Pu Hau Chin Khup le, Lusuang Upa te kiho na, a nuai a bang ki gen hi.

1. Pu Hau Chin Khup in, utenau te aw, tu-in Mang kang te sawlna banga, kong pai hangun, ei taanga kipan khua sung khat a teeng, zulesa nekhawmsa u le nau a ki nei sa, ih hih ciangin ongkap het kei unla, onglut zaw ta un cin, thupha puak den hi.
2. Lusuang upa ten zong hi mah hi, Mangkang te ka do bangun, ei kido hi lo hi hang. Tedim mi khempeuhin dial kang ong khim ta un, ong kap het lo ding hi ung, acih mah bangin na kaplo petmah uha, khal khat sungin kilem ta uh hi.

Tonzang khua Japan galpi
1944. March kha sungin, Tonzang khua sungah Mangkang galkapte le Japan te ki kap naa phualpi ong suak hi. Tonzang khua pen, tua hun laitakin, Tedim gam sung ukpi lian pen pa khua ahih hang le, Tedim-Imphal mawtaw lam laizang, a hih manin, galpi nih ki suk tuahna phual suak a , inn khat beek a bit om lo-in a ki se khin lo teng a kang tum khin hi.

Tua banga, gal ki kapna phualpi a suah ciangin khua mi khempeuh, khua taw ki tai keek a , giah buk, lo buk te pen muang lo-in mun khat pan mun dang khat ah ki khin kawi kawi uh hi. Tua hun pen khua khal an neih nawn loh hun ahih manin galtai pawl khat te pen ukpua, Teikhang, Zotaang, khua dong tung in, vateeng uh a, TG U Lam Za Nang in, la hi bang na phuak hi.

1. (a) Kangtui lian a, milai lunh lian e, ka phung kim khen, len mual kai sak e.
(b) Len mual kaai sa, sulah hei lo e, phak sap niang aw e, khua na ngai nam aw.

2. (a) Mel mak zai tha,hiam bang hat lawm lawm, sawl kha khat in, ciaugal kai sak e. (b)Vai tun nun tong, damin luang sak e, kum khal khatin, a dawng ah khia e.

Source :
Tawmging beh khang tangthu-1973
hu kaihkhop leh gel thuah: U Pau Za Gin leh U Khai Za Kham Tedim.

Khet leh bubawl thuah: TG. Vum Khaw Thang Tedim.

Tedim gam Party zum Lai nambat 230/3U-1 28/3/69 bulphuh a kibawl khia hi.

Bawl masak bu(200).
Khetkhit nimit-16/5/73.

Aman-K 3/- 

Zomi e-Library pan ngetna

Sum leh paai tawh nasepkhopna ding olno tak in HIH-LAI-MUN-PA'N kipiathei hi.

Hih atung a article hoihnasak na, hoihnasaklohna a hizong in na muhna te anuai a comment ah hehpihna tawh honggelhsak ve lawm. I LAIBUSAAL in article tuamtuam leh panpihna a tuamtuam te nangtungpan' hong lamenden hi.I nasepkhopna te HIH-LAI-MUN-PA'N ki-enthei hi.

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Item Reviewed: TEDIM GAM THU, A TUAMTUAM. ~ Tawmging beh khang tangthu -1973 pan... Description: Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Cinpu Zomi
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